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Valiant Battle at Kiuliencheng

Japanese Color Woodblock Print 

Valiant Battle at Kiuliencheng (Jiuliancheng)

by Unread (Hōei?), 1894

Yoshiwara Park: Army Foot Soldier Private Second Class Mr. Nakamura Fukusaburō from the Picture Album of the History of the Taishō Great Earthquake / Vol. 1

IHL Cat. #1948

About This Print

On 26 October 1894 the Japanese army, having crossed the Yalu River into Chinese territory on the morning of the previous day, engaged the Chinese forces at Hushan and on the banks of the Ai River. The Japanese then marched west, surrounded Jiuliancheng1 and launched a full-scale offensive. However, by the time they entered the city the Chinese had already withdrawn. This print shows the Japanese army attacking and occupying Jiuliancheng.

For other depictions of this battle see Japanese Forces Conquer Kiuliencheng and A Great Victory of Our Forces at Kiuliencheng.

The Battle of Jiuliancheng
Source: Modern Chinese Warfare, 1795-1989, Bruce A. Elleman, Routledge, 2001, p. 104.
As a result of the Battles of P'yongyang and the Yellow Sea, Japan broke China's hold over Korea.  But China's strategic position, with forts along the Yalu and Beiyang fleet in nearby Lushun, was still strong.  In particular, the Chinese headquarters at Jiuliancheng, a fortified town guarding the Yalu, was thought to be impregnable. It was here that the Japanese attacked in late October 1894.  China's fate appeared to hand in the balance, since control of the Yalu Rivers fords cut access between Manchuria and Korea. Instead of fighting to the death, the Chinese retreated to defensive positions along the Motianling mountains protecting Mukden (later called Shenyang), thus opening the gates of Manchuria to the Japanese.

1 Kiuliencheng 連城 is also known as Jiuliancheng or Kyūrenjō

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 Title or Description Valiant Battle at Jiuliancheng
 九連城勇戦図 Kyūrenjō yūsen zu
 Artist Unread - can be read Hōei
峰栄画 This signature can be read as H
ōei ga. No artist named Hōei can be identified who worked during this period.

 Seal none
 Publication Date October 1894 (Meiji 27) 明治二十七年
秋山武右衛門 Akiyama Buemon [Marks: seal not shown; pub. ref. 005]
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition good - minor soiling and toning, three sheets attached; backed
 Genre nishikie-e; senso-e (Sino-Japanese War)
 Format vertical oban triptych
 H x W Paper 
 14 3/8 x  28 5/8 in. (36.5 x 72.7 cm)
 H x W Image 14 1/8 x  28 3/8 in. (35.9 x 72.1 cm)

 Collections This Print
 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 2000.361a-c; Rijksmuseum RP-P-2010-310-54
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