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Nōgakuzue, Tamakazura


 Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Tamakazura 玉葛

(The Jeweled Chaplet)

from the series Nōgakuzue

by Tsukioka Kōgyo, 1899

Nōgakuzue, Kurama Tengu

IHL Cat. #1136

About This Print

One of 261 prints from the series Nōgakuzue (Illustrations of Noh). In an interesting composition, Kōgyo has overlaid Tamakazura's dance over a painting of an itinerant priest.

For another depiction of this play see Tamakazura, No. 43 from the series Fifty Noh Figures in Color by Kōgyo's student Matsuno Sōfū (1899-1963).

For background on the Noh theater see the article on this site "Noh - A Brief Summary by Beata Kubiak Ho-Chi".

The Story of Tamakazura

Source: The Walters Art Museum website art.thewalters.org/detail/16335/nogaku-zue-8/
Lady Tamakazura is a character from the 11th-century novel "The Tale of Genji." Born the illegitimate daughter of Genji's best friend and left homeless at a young age, she was raised by a nurse in the provinces. On her return to the capital, Genji appeared to play the role of protective father. He was, in fact, secretly in love with the girl and made unwelcome advances. To escape her predicament, Tamakazura married a man she detested. Kogyo shows Tamakazura performing a dance that conveys her feelings. He has put a border around this depiction and placed it over a framed painting of a wandering priest (a reference to Tamakazura's youth in the provinces), signing the half-hidden painting with one of his earlier art names, Kohan.        

The Play - Tamakazura 玉葛

Note: "The Jeweled Chaplet" is in reference to the title of Chapter 22 of The Tale of Genji in which Genji composes a poem about Tamakazura referencing the "jeweled chaplet."
Source: A Guide to No, P.G. O'Neill, Hinoki Shoten, 1929, p. 183.

By Zenchiku
Fourth Group
All Noh schools


Act 1:

Waki - a traveling priest
Shite - a village woman
Kyōgen - a local person

Act 2:
Nochi-shite - Tama-kazura no Naishi

A priest on his way to pray at the Hade-dera comes to the Hatsuse-gawa and there meets a woman who lands from a small boat. She leads him up to two cryptomaria trees and tells him that this was where Tama-kazura met the maid of her mother Yūgao when she fled from Kyūshū after refusing the attentions of a powerful warrior there. She is the spirit of Tamakzura, she adds, and then vanishes. The priest prays, and in his dream the spirit reappears to tell of her unhappiness.

Right Margin Description of Scene
click on image to enlarge

Print Details

 IHL Catalog #1136
 Title Tamakazura 玉葛 (The Jeweled Chaplet)
[The Kanze school title is written 玉鬘, as in the chapter title in Genji monogatari.1
Meiji Gakuin University http://www.meijigakuin.ac.jp/~pmjs/biblio/noh-trans.html
 Series Nōgakuzue 能樂圖繪 (Illustrations of Noh)
 Tsukioka Kōgyo (1869-1927)
two signatures are seen on this print, one to the right of Tamakazura reading Kōgyo 耕漁 (shown near left) and the other to the left of the priest reads Kohan 湖畔 (shown far left.)
湖 畔[Kohan] White letter seal in a rectangular shape with double border: 湖畔 [Kohan] Red letter seals in a pair: ?・? beneath the Kohan signature as shown above.
Seal not shown in the "Seals and Signature" appendix of The Beauty of Silence: Nō and Nature Prints by Tsukioka Kōgyo (1869-1927), Robert Schaap & J. Thomas Rimer, Hotei Publishing, 2010.
This collection's print was issued January 10, 1899 as shown in the print's left margin, as follows: (for detail click on image left)
Date of Printing: January 5, 1899 (Meiji 32)
Date of Issuance: January 10, 1899

The ARC database entry for their print arcUP0954 carries different dates from this collection's print, as follows: 
Printed on November 1, 1900; Issued on November 5, 1900
 Edition unknown 
 Matsuki Heikichi (Daikokuya Heikichi 大黒屋平) [Marks: pub. ref. 029]
 日本橋区吉川町二番地 松木平吉 (in left margin) followed by Daikokuya seal,  as shown on left.  
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition excellent - album backing; full size, light soiling
 Genre ukiyo-e
 Format oban yoko-e
 H x W Paper 9 3/4 x 14 7/16 in. (24.8 x 36.7 cm)
 H x W Image
 8 7/8 x 13 1/16 in. (22.5 x 33.2 cm) area within printed black border
 Collections This PrintArt Research Center, Ritsumeikan University AcNo.arcUP0954  CoGNo.arcUP0840  AlGNo.arcUP0840; University of Pittsburgh 20091209-kogyo-0286; The Walters Art Museum 95.244; The Museum of Fine Arts Boston 53.2928.10
 Reference Literature 
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