Picture of the Hospitalization of the Captured Commander Tso Pao-kwei


Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Picture of the Hospitalization of the Captured Commander Tso Pao-kwei, 1894

IHL Cat. #571

About This Print

A depiction of the wounded Chinese Commander Tso Pao-kwei and other Chinese soldiers being led into a Japanese field hospital for treatment after the fall of Pyongyang in Korea to the Japanese forces on September 16, 1894.  While some accounts of the battle, such as the extracts shown below from an article in the San Francisco newspaper The Morning Call1, reported that Tso Pao-kwei had surrendered, in fact he fought bravely and died in action. 

Commander Tso Pao-kwei
(unknown source)

The Battle of Pyongyang (Pingyang)

Source: Impressions of the Front: Woodcuts of the Sino-Japanese War, Okamoto, Shumpei, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1983, p. 23.
At dawn on September 15, 1894, the Japanese brigades under Lieutenant General Nozu Michistsura and Major General Oshima Yoshimasa surrounded the stronghold at Pingyang and began a full attack.  The Chinese, entrenched and fortified, fought fiercely as the battle developed.  When the Japanese toppled the Gembu Gate, however, the Chinese commanders began to consider evacuation.  The north wing commander Tso Pao-kwei led his troops to repel the Japanese forces and died courageously in battle, but the supreme commander Yeh Chih-chao fled in the night, bringing about the Chinese defeat.

To see more prints of the Sino-Japanese War including the Battle of Pyongyang see the article Sino-Japanese War Prints (1894-1895).

1 For a .pdf of the entire front page of the October 5, 1894 edition of The Morning Call go to http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cdnc/cgi-bin/imageserver/imageserver.pl?oid=SFC18941005.1.1&key=&getpdf=true.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 Title or Description  Picture of the Hospitalization of the Captured Commander Tso Pao-kwei
 Artist  Yukawa Hiromitsu (active c. 1894)
 Signature  Hiromitsu
 Seal  Hiromitsu seal
 Publication Date  October 14, 1894 (Meiji 27)
 Publisher  大淵渉 (Oobuchi Wataru)
 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition  good - upper left margin corner missing; light overall soiling
 Genre  ukiyo-esenso-e
 Format  shikishiban
 H x W Paper 
 10 1/8 x 8 5/8 in. (25.7 x 21.9 cm) 
 H x W Image
 9 1/4 x 7 3/8 in. (23.5 x 18.7 cm)

 Collections This Print