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Fortune Teller from the series Occupations of Shōwa Japan in Pictures, Series 2

Wada Sanzō (1883-1967)
 

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Roadside Fortune Teller

print number 10 from the series

Occupations of Shōwa Japan in Pictures, Series 2

by Wada Sanzō, 1940-1941 and early 1950s

Wada Sanzō (1883-1967)


IHL Cat. #1057

IHL Cat. #1075

About These Prints

An early edition of this print (IHL Cat. #1057) by the original publisher Nishinomiya Shoin and a later edition (IHL Cat. #1075) published by Nishinomiya Shoin's successor publishing house Kyoto Hangain, both owned by Kyoomi Shinagawa.  This is one of the most popular prints of the three series, having been re-issued numerous times, including a reduced size print,  after WWII by Kyoto Hangain, as can be seen by the examples below.  For details on the reduced chuban size print see Fortune Teller from the portfolio Japanese Life and Customs A Set of Six Pictures.

The following text was pasted to the display folder for one of the Kyoto Hangain post-war issues.

A Fortune-teller

It is very common to see one or two fortune-tellers in the precincts of a Shinto shrine or a Buddhist temple. Many people who are not well educated are apt to be enthralled by such superstition, and they consult the fortune-teller when their [sic] wish to know to in regard to change of residence, marriage, loan of money, change of job, trip and fact nearly all the matters of their daily lives. 

Most of the fortune-tellers open their road-side shops in the evening. Judging by his clothing, the husband seems to be a merchant, and he may have asked the fortune-teller to divine what will become of his business. The fortune-teller is trying to find the mean by his divining rods. 

Depicted by Sanzo Wada. Printed by KYOTO-HANGA-IN


Examples of Post-War Reissues by Kyoto Hangain
 


 


A post-WWII re-issue in a smaller (chuban) format by
the publisher Kyoto Hangain.  One of six chuban size prints
in the series Japanese Life and Customs.

About the Series "Occupations of the Shōwa Era in Pictures"
Sources: website of Ross Walker Ohmi Gallery http://www.ohmigallery.com/DB/Artists/Sales/Wada_Sanzo.asp  and website of USC Pacific Asian Museum "Exhibition - The Occupations of Shōwa Japan in Pictures: The Woodblock Prints of Wada Sanzō" 

Note: 
My special thanks to Shinagawa Daiwa, the current owner of Kyoto Hangain, for providing the below information (in a series of emails in July 2014) about Nishinomiya Shoin and Kyoto Hangain, both businesses started by his father Shinagawa Kyoomi.  Shinagawa's current website can be accessed at http://www.amy.hi-ho.ne.jp/kyotohangain/

Wada’s major contribution as a woodblock print artist came through his 72 print 3-part series Occupations of the Shōwa Era in Pictures (Shōwa shokugyō e-zukishi), sometimes translated as Japanese Vocations in Pictures. The three part series was started during the Pacific War (1937-1945) in September 1938, was then interrupted by war shortages in 1943, and was restarted again after the war in January 1954. This series was a labor of love for Wada and he brought together woodblock print printers and carvers in Nishimomiya near Kobe to work on this project

The war era prints were published by Wada through an old books store, Nishinomiya shoin 西宮書院 run by Shinagawa Kyoomi  
品川清臣.  Wada
 
 planned a total of 100 designs, with two prints being issued each month. Wada's designs for the prints were rendered in watercolor and the finished prints beautifully captured the look-and-feel of those original watercolors. The series was an immediate hit, but was suspended after 48 prints (issued in two series) in 1943 due to war shortages.

After the war, the series was continued by the same publisher, Shinagawa Kyoomi, who had opened a new business in Kyoto, which he named Kyoto Hangain 京都版画院.  (Shingawa's business in Nishinomiya had burned down during WWII.) At first Kyoto Hangain published re-prints of the earlier prints, but they went on to publish a third series of 24 prints, working closely with Wada, titled Continuing Occupations of the Shōwa Era in Pictures between November 1954 and September 1956. The post-war prints were popular with the Occupation's "deep-pocketed" military and civilian personnel and the series was "featured in an article of the Tokyo edition of the United States military newspaper Stars and Stripes."2 Shinagawa also published a six print portfolio in the 1950s titled Japanese Life and Customs, consisting of six of the prints from the earlier two series in a reduced chuban size, which is also part of this collection.

Occupations of the Shōwa Era in Pictures has been praised for showing “the complexity of Shōwa society…. capture[ing] the pulse of Japanese life during the tumultuous decades of the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s”and condemned as providing a “visual message of subtle or blatant propaganda in support of government-sponsored ideas.”4 

It is interesting to see how the commentary, written by the artist, that accompanied each print in the pre-war releases was softened for the post-war re-issues by Kyoto Hangain.  All references to soldiers being away from home (as Japanese armies were marching through Asia when the series was originally released) or references to Imperial Japan have been stripped away and the commentary becomes innocent, folk-like and appealing to the post-war occupying forces.  (For example, see the prints Women Weavers and Picture Card Show which provide an abridged version of the artist's original commentary and a full transcript of the English text attached to the folders of the post-war re-issued prints.)

1 Keizaburo Yamaguchi gives the publication dates of the post-War series as January 1954 through autumn 1958. (Ukiyo-e Art 16, 1967): 39-42. 
2 "Out of the Dark Valley: Japanese Woodblock Prints and War, 1937-1945," Kendall H. Brown,p. 82 appearing in Impressions, The Journal of the Ukiyo-e Society of America, Inc., Number 23, 2001.
Pacific Asia Museum website http://www.pacificasiamuseum.org/_on_view/exhibitions/2004/occshowa.aspx 
4 Light in Darkness: Women in Japanese Prints of Early Shōwa (1926-1945), Kendall H. Brown, et. al., Fisher Gallery, University of Southern California, 1996, p. 18.


Print Details
 IHL Catalog  #1057; #1075
 Title/Description  大道占師 [daidō uranaishi] - Roadside Fortune Teller [number 10]
 Note: title is printed on original edition print IHL Cat. #1057) but untitled on post-war print IHL Cat. #1075
 Series Occupations of Shōwa Japan in Pictures, Series 2 (also seen translated as "Compendium of Occupations in the Shōwa Era" and "Japanese Vocations in Pictures")
Shōwa shokugyō e-zukushi 昭和職業繪盡 (also seen written as 昭和職業絵尽し and 昭和職業), dainishū (第輯) 
 Artist 
 Wada Sanzō (1883-1967)
 Signature 
 三造 Sanzō
 Seal  Sanzō both seals
 IHL Cat. #1057


 IHL Cat. #1075
 Publication Date  IHL Cat. #1057 1940-1941; IHL Cat. #1075 c. early 1950s
 Publisher
IHL Cat. #1057
Nishinomiya Shoin 
西宮 書院 

IHL Cat. #1075
Kyoto Hangain 
版元 京都版画院
 Edition  IHL Cat. #1057 - a pre-war edition, and likely a first edition
 IHL Cat. #1075 - a post-war edition
 Impression  IHL Cat. #1057 excellent; IHL Cat. #1075 excellent
 Colors  IHL Cat. #1057 excellent; IHL Cat. #1075 excellent
 Condition  IHL Cat. # 1057 excellent - overall toning; still tipped onto its original backing cardboard
 IHL Cat. #1075 excellent - light toning, still tipped onto its original backing sheet
 Genre  shin hanga
 Miscellaneous  originally released by Nishinomiya Shoin as print number 10 in series 2
 Format  dai-oban
 H x W Paper  IHL Cat. #1057 11 3/8 x 15 1/8 in. (28.9 x 38.4 cm) 
 IHL Cat. #1075 11 3/8 x 15 7/8 in. (28.9 x 40.3 cm)
 H x W Image  IHL Cat. #1057 10 1/8 x 14 1/2 in. (25.7 x 36.8 cm)
 IHL Cat. #1075 9 7/8 x 14 1/2 in. (25.1 x 36.8 cm)
 Collections This Print  Himeji City Museum of Art Ⅲ-184-10 (dated "1939~1940年")
 Reference Literature   
last revision:
12/5/2018
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