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Utagawa Kuniteru II (1830-1874)


Biographical Data

Biography

Utagawa Kuniteru II 歌川 国輝(ニ代) (1830-1874)
Sources: The Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints, Amy Reigle Newland, Hotei Publishing Company, 2005, p. 503;
A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 97-98
.

Utagawa Kuniteru II (1830-1874)1 was born Yamada Kunijir
ō 山田 国次郎 in Edo (Tokyo) and was a print designer, painter and book illustrator.  He studied under Utagawa Kunisada I (1786–1865).  He produced yakusha-e (actor pictures), bijinga (beautiful women pictures), fuzokuga (pictures of manors and customs), meisho-e (pictures of famous places) sumo-e (pictures of wrestlers), educational prints and, most famously, bunmei kaika-e (pictures of modernization) in a late Utagawa-school manner. 

He was known by various names, including the gago Ichiyōsai 一曜斎, Ichiyūsai 一雄斎, Yōsai 曜斎, Ichiransai 一蘭斎, and Kunitsuna II 国綱 (ニ代), Ichiransai Kunitsuna 一蘭斎国綱 and Ikkasai Kunitsuna. Before 1844 he may also have been known as Sadashige 貞重 and signed works with the name Ichiyūsai. He changed his name in 1865 to Kuniteru II.

1 A Dictionary of Japanese Artists, lists his birth date as 1829, but most other sources list it as 1830.

True Picture of a Five-Story Building at Kaiun Bridge (Mitsui House) First National Bank of Japan, 1872
Utagawa Kuniteru II
Source: Japan Awakens: Woodblock Prints of the Meiji Period (1868-1912),
Barry Till, Pomegranate Communications, Inc., 2008, p. 90.

Signatures and Seals of the Artist (A Sampling)


 国綱
Kunitsuna ga

 国綱
Kunitsuna ga within Toshidama cartouche 

一蘭斎国綱
Ichiransai Kunitsuna ga  

 
一蘭斎国綱
Ichiransai Kunitsuna ga  


 
国輝画
Kuniteru ga
 
国輝画
Kuniteru ga
 
国輝画
Kuniteru ga within gourd-shaped cartouche
 
国輝筆
Kuniteru hitsu followed by Toshidama seal 
 
 應好国輝
ōkō Kuniteru hitsu


 
一雄斎国輝画
Ichiyūsai Kuniteru ga

一雄斎国輝画
Ichiyūsai Kuniteru ga
followed by Toshidama seal
 
一雄斎国輝画
Ichiyūsai Kuniteru ga


一曜斎国輝画
Ichiyōsai Kuniteru ga

応需 
一曜斎国輝
ōju  Ichiyōsai Kuniteru followed by unread

曜斎国輝画
Yōsai Kuniteru ga
 
曜齋国輝摸寫
Yōsai Kuniteru mosha