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Utagawa Kunimasa IV (1848-1920)


Biographical Data

Biography


Utagawa Kunimasa IV 歌川国政 (四代) (1848 – 1920)

Sources: Guide to Modern Japanese Woodblock Prints:1900 – 1975, Helen Merritt and Nanako Yamada, University of Hawaii. 1992, p. 14The Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints, Amy Reigle Newland, Hotei Publishing Company, 2005, Volume 2, p. 503.

Originally born Taken
ōchi Hidehisa 竹内栄久, the artist used multiple gō (artist names) during his career including Baidō Hōsai 梅堂豊斎, Baidō Kunimasa 梅堂国政, Kōchōrō 香朝楼, Kunimasa 国政 IV, Kunisada 国貞 III and Toyokuni 豊国 V.  Early in his career he used the gō Kunimasa IV and Baidō Hōsai.  In 1889 he succeeded as head of the Utagawa line and took the gō Kunisada III.  Later in his career he claimed the title Toyokuni IV, but that gō was already taken (a fact that he refused to recognize), so he is referred to as Toyokuni V.  

He studied under Toyokuni III at age 11 and then under Utagawa Kunisada I (1786–1865) and Utagawa Kunisada II (1823-1880).

He specialized in Meiji actor prints and along with
Toyohara Kunichika (1835–1900) is considered by some as the best of the yakush-e artists.   He also designed senso-e (war prints), kaika-e (pictures of modernization), e-hon (book illustrations), senjafuda (privately published votive slips) and a type of game board, e-sugoroku.

His eldest son was the artist Utagawa Kokunimasa (1874-1944).


"H
ōsai died from illness, age 72, on 26 October 1920 at his home in Asakusa-tamachi.  Following his death, his role in the history of Meiji actor prints was largely forgotten and overshadowed by the accomplishments of the more prolific, and creative, figure of Kunichika.  But perhaps we should re-assess Hōsai's role and accord him a position, if not the most innovative of designers, then at least as a final figure in the long line of Utagawa school actor image makers."1

1
"In the Shadow of Another: Introducing the 'Meiji no Edokko' Baidōsai," Amy Reigle Newland, Andon 89 (December 2010), p. 21.

An In Depth Look at the Artist
Baidōsai
A fascinating and in-depth article on the artist titled "In the Shadow of Another: Introducing the 'Meiji no Edokko' Baidōsai" by Amy Reigle Newland can be found in Andon 89 (December 2010), bulletin of the Society for Japanese Arts.

A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer,
Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 97

Signatures

 
梅堂国政 
Baidō Kunimasa hitsu

梅堂国政 
Baidō Kunimasa hitsu with Toshidama seal
(1880) 

梅堂豊斎 
Baidō
Hōsai hitsu
(1902)
 
梅堂国政 
Baidō Kunimasa ga
 
梅堂国政 
Baidō Kunimasa zu with Toshidama seal (1877)

豊斎 
Hōsai hitsu with toshidama seal
(1896)


香朝楼豊斎 
Kōchōrō Hōsai hitsu with Baidō seal

香朝楼豊斎 
K
ōchōrō  Hōsai hitsu with Hōsai seal
 
應需 香朝楼 
Ōju 
Kōchōrō hitsu with toshidama seal
 
豊斎 
Hōsai hitsu, with Baidō seal, 1897

歌川 豊斎 
 Utagawa Hōsai hitsu, with Baidō seal, 1903