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Great Imperial Victory at the Fierce Battle at Pyong-Yang

Japanese Color Woodblock Print 

Great Imperial Victory at the Fierce Battle at Pyong-Yang

by Utagawa Kokunimasa, 1894

Picture of the violent battle in the snow in the Toshu Province near Wei-Hai-Wei

IHL Cat. #305

About This Print

Battle at Pyong-yang

According to accounts there was fierce fighting, with the Chinese launching repeated cavalry charges, igniting prearranged blazes, and subjecting the Japanese forces to continuous fires.  While the Chinese put up stiff resistance the Japanese "ripped the Chinese army to shreds" and devastated the Chinese morale.1

Japanese officers pictured in this print as identified in the rectangular cartouches are, from left to right:
Lieutenant Colonel Fukushima  福島 中佐
Major General Oshima 大鳥 少将  
Lieutenant General Nozu (Nodzu) 野津 中将   

The Chinese officer is identified as a Chinese general 大将 but his name サボキ is unread (possibly General Sei Kinlin), who was captured at this engagement.

While this picture shows the main protagonists in hand-to-hand combat while on horseback, it is extremely unlikely that this actually occurred. Scenes like this made the fighting easier for the public to visualize and gave them heroes to glorify.

1 The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895: Perceptions, Power and Primacy, S. C. M. Paine, Cambridge University Press, 2003


The Battle of Ping-Yang (Pyong-Yang)

New York Times Article - September 18, 1894, Wednesday


CHINESE ROUTED AT PING-YANG; AN ARMY OF TWENTY THOUSAND MEN PUT TO FLIGHT. The Great Battle of Sunday Morning in Northern Corea -- Sixteen Thousand Chinamen Killed, Wounded, and Made Prisoners -- Ping-Yang Now in Possession of the Japanese Forces, and China Without an Effective Army in Corea.

Click on article to read


Print Details

 IHL Catalog #305
 Title (Description) Great Imperial Victory at the Fierce Battle at Pyong-Yang
 平壌激戦 帝国大勝利
 Artist  Kokunimasa 小国政   (1874 – 1944) Utagawa Kokunimasa (1874-1944)
 Signature
Kokunimasa 小国政
 Seal  stylized seal as shown above
 Pub. Date November 1894 (Meiji 27)
 Publisher Ishijima Yae (publisher information has been trimmed from the left margin of this collection's print)
 Engraver
 
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition fair - wrinkling throughout; sheets joined with folds near seams; left margin containing descriptive information removed; unbacked
 Genre nishki-e; senso-e
 Miscellaneous 
 Format vertical oban triptych
 H x W Paper
 14 1/2 x 27 3/4 in.  (36.8 x 70.5 cm) 
 Literature
 
 Collections This Print National Diet Library 8-5-1-2 04-063, 062, 061
last revision:
3/29/2020
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