Coal Mine in Iga Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

 

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Coal Mine in Iga Province

from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue

(Products of Greater Japan)

by Utagawa Hiroshige III, 1877

Abalone Divers in Ise Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

IHL Cat. #324

IHL Cat. #1486

About This Print


Depicting coal miners entering a mine with pickaxes (tsuruhashi) in hand and exiting the mine carrying yoked baskets (sena) of coal, this color woodblock print (nishiki-e) was one of 118 prints in the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan), issued in August 1877 to coincide with the opening of Japan’s first National Industrial Exposition (Naikoku Kangyō Hakurankai) held in Tokyo’s Ueno Park. As the series’ name implies, each print depicted an economic activity in a province or district of Japan. In addition, each activity was described on the print in a scroll-like cartouche.

Iga Province was a province in the area that is today Mie Prefecture. Iga bordered on Ise, Ōmi,Yamato, and Yamashiro Provinces. The Saruka mountains which bordered Iga were noted for their coal reserves. An 1878-1879 geological survey describes Iga coal as being "black and shining."1 The print's scroll mentions that the coal produced is like the color of lacquer.

Coal miners at work in Fukuoka in 1897.

The Hagi Yamaguchi Prefectural Art Museum Urakami database shows (see below) that this print and Polished Sand of Iga Province were printed together on the same oban size sheet.


Multiple Editions (Variant Printings)

At least three variant printings (editions) were made of this series.  Each variant printing uses a different colored cartouche containing the series' title, either red, green or rainbow-colored.  Different colored borders were also used and variances in the use of colors and shading are present in the three editions. And, as we can see in this collection's two prints, even when the same color cartouche was used there could be differences there could be color variances in the prints subject matter, e.g note the differences in legging colors worn by the miners in the two prints.

1 Geological survey of Japan: Reports of progress for 1878 and 1879 By Benjamin Smith Lyman http://books.google.com/books?id=6Ky7AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA217&lpg=PA217&dq=iga+province+japan+coal&source=bl&ots=QOd_PiH-to&sig=afZFGngfC4M7xrptYYQOgBawUNk&hl=en&ei=BTVqS6nuGYy4swOZ4uifAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CBYQ6AEwBDgU#v=onepage&q=iga&f=false

Transcription of Scroll

Source: with thanks to Yajifun http://yajifun.tumblr.com/

Coal Mining in Iga Province 同國石炭山之?(図)

“石炭ハ長野笠取兜?より産す礦属にして其色漆の如し 山中深く掘入て出こと金山とおなじ 其用木炭より火気倍せるをもつて蒸気の力を用る物及び金石を鎔鋳する物尽く用ひざるなし 又油を製して燈火に用ゆ”

Article for Hereditas Minariorum - A Journal of the History of Mining





PowerPoint Presentation Notes from 1-31-2017 Presentation

Shipping Ice from Hakodate, Hokkaidō, Coal Mining in Iga Province and Silkworm Culture in Hitachi Province from the series Products of Greater Japan, 1877

This series of 118 prints depicts various economic activities throughout Japan. Its release coincided with the opening of Japan’s First National Industrial Exposition held in Tokyo’s Ueno Park in August 1877. The show’s exhibits, collected from across Japan, were categorized into six groups - mining and metallurgy, manufactures, fine art, machinery, agriculture, and horticulture. Nearly half a million visitors attended during its 3 month run and four more exhibitions were to follow. These fairs were modeled after Western industrial exhibitions and provided “a meeting place for Western technologies and their Japanese counterparts.”
National Diet Library website http://www.ndl.go.jp/exposition/e/s1/naikoku1.html


These three prints are from a series of 118 prints depicting various economic activities throughout Japan. The prints were big sellers both during and after the First National Industrial Exposition held in Tokyo’s Ueno Park in August 1877, while the Satsuma Rebellion raged 600 miles southwest of the capital. The prints were sold individually and also bound into books for sale. Nearly half a million visitors attended the exposition during its 3 month run and four more exhibitions were to follow.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #324 and #1486
 Title or Description
 Coal Mine in Iga Province 同国 [伊賀国]石炭山之図 dōkoku sekitan yama no zu
 Series
 Dai Nippon Bussan Zue 大日本物産図会 (Products of Greater Japan)
 Artist  Utagawa Hiroshige III (1842–1894)
 Signature
Andō Tokubei - artist's family name appearing in the bottom of the cartouche in the left margin. Full cartouche reads 画工 大鋸町四番地 安藤徳兵エ [gakō Ōga machi yon banchi Andō Tokubei]
 Seal  none
 Publication Date  1877 (Meiji 10)
 Publisher
Ōkura Magobei 大倉孫兵衛 (Kin'eido; 1843-1921) [Marks: pub. ref. 627]
appearing in right margin
Full cartouche reads 出版人 日本橋通一丁目十九番地   大倉孫兵衛 (Publisher, Nihobashi-dōri Itchōme 19-banchi, Ōkura Magobei)
 Impression  IHL Cat. #324: good
 IHL Cat. #1486: excellent
 Colors  IHL Cat. #324: excellent
 IHL Cat. #1486: excellent
 Condition  IHL Cat. #324: good - likely original centerfold from binding in small book
 IHL Cat. #1486: good - centerfold reinforced with tape verso; vertical fold just left of centerfold; slight toning; small tear right bottom margin
 Genre  nishiki-e; kaika-e
 Miscellaneous
IHL Cat. #324 carries the number 198 written in Kanji in the left margin part of which has been trimmed.  Other impressions of this print do not carry this number.
 Format  chuban
 H x W Paper
 IHL Cat. #324: 6 7/8 x 9 1/4 in. (17.5 x 23.5 cm)
 IHL Cat. #1486: 6 3/4 x 9 1/4 in. (17.1 x 23.5 cm)
 H x W Image
 IHL Cat. #324: 6 3/8 x 8 7/8 in. (16.2 x 22.5 cm)
 IHL Cat. #1486: 6 3/8 x 8 7/8 in. (16.2 x 22.5 cm)
 Literature

 Collections This Print
 Hagi Yamaguchi Prefectural Art Museum Urakami system: U02977; Waseda University Library Archive 01_04265_0001; National Institute of Japanese Literature Archives & Collections 37T/026

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