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Nōgakuzue, Tamakazura

 

 Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Tamakazura 玉葛

(The Jeweled Chaplet)

from the series Nōgakuzue

by Tsukioka Kōgyo, 1899

Nōgakuzue, Kurama Tengu


IHL Cat. #1136

About This Print

One of 261 prints from the series Nōgakuzue (Illustrations of Noh).  The print depicts a scene from the play Tamkazura by the playwright Zenchiku (1363-1443).  The artist has set the warrior Yorimasa within a fan, referencing Yorimasa's last act of laying down his fan before committing suicide.

For another depiction of this play see Nōga taikan, Yorimasa.


The Play - Tamakazura 玉葛

Source: A Guide to No, P.G. O'Neill, Hinoki Shoten, 1929, p. 183.

By Zenchiku
Fourth Group
All Noh schools

Characters:

Act 1:

Waki - a traveling priest
Shite - a village woman
Kyōgen - a local person

Act 2:
Nochi-shite - Tama-kazura no Naishi

A priest on his way to pray at the Hade-dera comes to the Hatsuse-gawa and there meets a woman who lands from a small boat.  She leads him up to two cryptomaria trees and tells him that this was where Tama-kazura met the mad of her mother Yūgao when she fled from Kyūshū after refusing the attentions of a powerful warrior there.  She is the spirit of Tamakzura, she adds, and the vanishes.  The priest prays, and in his dream the spirit reappears to tell of her unhappiness.

The Story of Tamakazura

Source: The Walters Art Museum website art.thewalters.org/detail/16335/nogaku-zue-8/
Lady Tamakazura is a character from the 11th-century novel "The Tale of Genji." Born the illegitimate daughter of Genji's best friend and left homeless at a young age, she was raised by a nurse in the provinces. On her return to the capital, Genji appeared to play the role of protective father. He was, in fact, secretly in love with the girl and made unwelcome advances. To escape her predicament, Tamakazura married a man she detested. Kogyo shows Tamakazura performing a dance that conveys her feelings. He has put a border around this depiction and placed it over a framed painting of a wandering priest (a reference to Tamakazura's youth in the provinces), signing the half-hidden painting with one of his earlier art names, Kohan.        


Right Margin Description of Scene
click on image to enlarge

Print Details

 IHL Catalog #1136
 Title Tamakazura 玉葛 [The Kanze school title is written 玉鬘, as in the chapter title in Genji monogatari.1] (The Jeweled Chaplet)
 Series Nōgakuzue 能樂圖繪 (Illustrations of Noh)
 Artist 
 Tsukioka Kōgyo (1869-1927)
 Signature 
two signatures are seen on this print, one to the right of Tamakazura reads Kōgyo 耕漁 and the other to the left of the priest reads Kohan 湖畔 (as shown left.)
 Seal
湖 畔[Kohan] White letter seal in a rectangular shape with double border: 湖畔 [Kohan] Red letter seals in a pair: ?・? beneath the Kohan signature as shown above.
Seal not shown in the "Seals and Signature" appendix of The Beauty of Silence: Nō and Nature Prints by Tsukioka Kōgyo (1869-1927), Robert Schaap & J. Thomas Rimer, Hotei Publishing, 2010.
 DateThis collection's print was issued January 10, 1899 as shown in the print's left margin, as follows: 
Date of Printing: January 5, 1899 (Meiji 32)
明治三十
日印刷 
Date of Issuance: January 10, 1899
明治三十発行 

The ARC database entry for their print arcUP0954 carries different dates from this collection's print, as follows: 
明治三十三年十一月一日印刷仝年仝月五日発行
Printed on November 1, 1900; Issued on November 5, 1900
 Edition unknown 
 Publisher
 Matsuki Heikichi (Daikokuya Heikichi 大黒屋平) [Marks: pub. ref. 029]
 日本橋区吉川町二番地 松木平吉 (in left margin) followed by Daikokuya seal,  as shown on left.  
 Carver 
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition excellent - album backing; full size, light soiling
 Genre ukiyo-e
 Miscellaneous
 Format oban yoko-e
 H x W Paper 9 3/4 x 14 7/16 in. (24.8 x 36.7 cm)
 H x W Image
 8 7/8 x 13 1/16 in. (22.5 x 33.2 cm) area within printed black border
 Collections This PrintArt Research Center, Ritsumeikan University AcNo. arcUP0954  CoGNo. arcUP0840  AlGNo. arcUP0840; University of Pittsburgh 20091209-kogyo-0286; The Walters Art Museum 95.244; The Museum of Fine Arts Boston 53.2928.10
 Reference Literature 



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