View of Hōeizan from the 4th Camp of Mount Fuji from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

View of Hōeizan from the 4th Camp of Mount Fuji

 #29 from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji

by Tokuriki Tomikichirō, 1939-1940

Clear Weather after Snow at Ochanomizu, Tokyo from the series Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji

IHL Cat. #435

About This Print

This 29th print in the 36 print series depicts Mount Houei and its crater, which last erupted in 1707, from the vantage point of a climber coming upon one of the huts along the Fujinomiya trail on Mount Fuji.  This print is the original issue (first edition) published by Uchida Woodblock Printing Company between 1939 and 1940 as part of the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji.

The Series - Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji

Published by Uchida Bijutsu Shoten between 1939 and 1940, this 36-print set (plus an introductory sheet and a table of contents sheet) by Tokuriki Tomikichirō (1902-2000) is a more modern take on Hokusai's (1760–1849) famous series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (1826-1833). 

Tokuriki's series was extremely popular with domestic and foreign buyers who purchased one thousand copies within a short time after issuance.1  Various prints from this series were re-printed in subsequent years and subsets of the thirty-six prints were repackaged into newly named series, such as Eight Views of Mount Fuji and Four Season of Mount Fuji, released in the 1950s.  Later printings omit the information in the margin, modify Tokuriki's signature and change the seals below his signature appearing in the image area of the print.

1 Modern Japanese Woodblock Prints - The Early Years, Helen Merritt, University of Hawaii Press, 1998, p. 89.

Format of Margin Annotations and Image Signatures and Seals of Original Edition

Source:
Modern Japanese Prints: 1912-1989, Lawrence Smith, British Museum Press, 1994, p. 50.

top right
series title
富士三十六景ノ内
Fuji sanjūrokukei no uchi
(top right)
below series title
title of print
表口四合目より寳永山を望む
below print title
Tomikichiro Saku
(Made by Tomikichiro)
followed by round
Kiwame censor's seal1
bottom right
 Uchida Bijutsu Shoshi (Uchida Fine Art Shop) followed in seal form by Fukyo Fukusei (Reproduction forbidden)
printed within image
  Tomikichiro Saku
(Made by Tomikichiro) followed by, in seal form, Sanjurokkei (Thirty-six Views) followed by, in seal form, Hanmoto Uchida (Publisher Uchida)

1 The kiwame (examined) censor's seal is an enlarged reproduction of the one used by government-appointed censors from 1790 onwards.


Hōeizan

Source: Nippon Koei Co., Ltd. website http://www.n-koei.co.jp/english/topics/approach/2002_winter_english.html
Mt. Houei (2,693m) and its crater, at the middle of the south eastern slope of Mt. Fuji, formed as the result of a 1707 eruption.  The Houei eruption was the largest on record, with vegetation, homes, and fields being buried and denuded by ash. Records from the time show the scale of eruption and spread of ash and relate how fearsome the eruption was.  The resulting formation was called "Hōeizan" because the eruption occurred in the fourth year of "Hōei."


View of Mount Fuji showing the crater of the 1707 Houei eruption at the south-east of the mountain.
Source:
Nippon Koei Co., Ltd. website
http://www.n-koei.co.jp/english/topics/approach/2002_winter_english.html

A hut, possibly at the 6th stage, along the Fujinomiya route
on Mt. Fuji which, on a clearer day, would afford a view of Hōeizan

Source:  Hyougushi's photostream on
http://www.flickr.com/photos/hyougushi/


Print Details

 IHL Catalog  #435
 Title  View of Hōeizan from the 4th Camp of Mount Fuji
 表口四合目より寳永山を望む
 Series  Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji
 富士三十六景ノ内 Fuji sanjūrokukei no uchi
 Artist
 Tokuriki Tomikichirō (1902-2000)
 Signature
 Tomikichirō saku
 Seal  no artist's seal (see above for information on various seals in margin and image)
 Date  1939-1940
 Edition  original (first) edition
 Publisher  Uchida Bijutsu Shoten - Hanmoto Uchida (on print); Uchida Bijutsu Shoritsu han and Reproduction not permitted on margin
 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition  good - mat line and minor toning within mat line; two spots top corners verso from previous folio mounting
 Genre  shin hanga (new print)
 Miscellaneous  print #29 in the series
 Format  horizontal oban
 H x W Paper  11 1/4 x 16 1/2 in. (28.6 x 41.9 cm)
 H x W Image
 10 1/4 x 15 in. (26 x 38.1 cm)
 Collections This Print  Harvard Art Museum/Arthur M. Sackler Museum 1978.431
 Reference Literature  

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