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Fujimori Shizuo (1891-1943)

Prints in Collection


Iizuka Fūkei (Landscape of Iizuka)
Iizuka Fūkei
(Landscape of Iizuka), 1928

IHL Cat. #1350

Quiet Day, 1932
IHL Cat. #196

Biographical Data
 
Photograph appearing in The Graphic Art of Onchi Koshiro: Innovation and Tradition, Elizabeth de Sabato Swinton,
Garland Publishing, Inc. 1986
 

Profile

Fujimori Shizuo 藤森静雄 (1891-1943)
Sources: The Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints, Amy Reigle Newland, Hotei Publishing Company, 2005, p. 432; Guide to Modern Japanese Woodblock Prints: 1900 – 1975, Helen Merritt and Nanako Yamada, University of Hawaii Press, 1992

Fujimori Shizuo was born in Kurume, (Fukuoka Prefecture). In 1911 he entered the Western Painting Section of the Tokyo School of Fine Arts, from which he graduated in 1916.  While at the school he met Onchi Kōshirō (1891-1955) and worked with him on the print and poetry magazine Tsukuhae (Moonglow) to which he contributed 37 prints, several of which are shown below.  In 1919 he took part in the first Japan Creative Print Association (Nihon Sōsaku-Hanga Kyōkai) exhibition. Fujimori was a prolific full-time artist, a founding member of the Nihon Hanga Kyōkai in 1931, the principal editor of Shi to hanga, and a contributor to numerous Hanga magazines. He was also one of the contributors of the important series One Hundred Views of New Tokyo (Shin Tokyo hyakkei), along with Maekawa Senpan (1888-1960), Onchi Kōshirō, Takashi Henmi, Hiratsuka Un'ichi (1895-1997), Kawakami Sumio (1895-1972), Sakuichi Fukazawa and Kanenori Suwa between 1929-1932. Fujimori's landscape and figurative styles were heavily influenced by Expressionism.


Biography

Sources: The British Museum website http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/term_details.aspx?bioId=148537; Images of a Changing World: Japanese Prints of the Twentieth Century, Donald Jenkins, Portland Art Museum, 1983, p. 83; Guide to Modern Japanese Woodblock Prints: 1900-1975, Helen Merritt, University of Hawaii Press, 1992, p. 18-19

Fujimori was born in Kurume (Fukuoka Prefecture) in 1891.  He lost his right thumb in an accident as a child, to which his simple carving style is sometimes attributed.  In 1910 he attended the Hakuba-kai (Western Painting Institute) where he got to know the woodblock artist Tanaka Kyokichi (1892-1915). In 1911 he began attending the Western Painting Section of Tokyo School of Fine Arts, graduating in 1916.  He studied with Kuroda Seiki and Fujishima Takeji and was inspired by Aoki Shigeru, a native of Kurume and nine years his senior.  In 1913 he began to make prints under the influence of Tanaka and Onchi Kōshirō (1891-1955) and he co-founded the art and poetry magazine Tsukuhae (Moonglow) with them. He contributed a total of 37 prints to Tsukuhae. Tanaka's terminal tuberculosis in 1915 seems to have injected an element of melancholy in Fujimori's developing expressionistic style. He helped organize the memorial exhibition to Tanaka in 1915.   

After his graduation he taught at middle schools in Taiwan and his native Fukuoka. In Taiwan he met Yamaguchi Gen (1896-1976) and gave him lessons in woodblock carving. After returning to Tokyo he worked as a painter, printmaker and illustrator.  He helped found the Creative Print Association in 1918, as he did its successor, the Nihon Hanga Kyōkai, in 1931. He exhibited in the first Japan Creative Print Association (Nihon Sōsaku-hanga Kyōkai) show in 1919 and he contributed to many coterie (dojin zasshi) print magazines.  He remained close to Onchi (though working in a much different, more conservative style) and participated with him in the Shin Tokyo Hyakkei (One Hundred Views of Great Tokyo) series (1929-1932), to which he contributed thirteen prints.  His work is distinguished by an Expressionistic style increasingly softened by a gentle Romanticism.  In 1931, he created his own series Dai Tokyo Junikei (Twelve Views of Great Tokyo), of which two prints are pictured below. From 1936 he began to produce woodblock illustrations for serials in the Fukuoka Asahi Shinbun newspaper.  He exhibited with Shun'yokai annually from 1926-1937.  In 1938 he edited the first nine prints in the series Shin Nihon hyakkei (One Hundred Views of New Japan.) In 1939 he returned to live in Iizuka, dying in 1943, the year after the sudden death of his eldest son.

Sometimes used the signature SIZ on early prints.

Source: The Modern Japanese Print: An Internal History of the Sosaku Hanga Movement by Koshiro Onchi (as tranlated by Osamu Ueda and G. H. Mitchell, appearing in Ukiyo-e Art, Number Eleven, 1965, The Japan Ukiyo-e Society)

Tsukuhae Prints

  Nature and Life
from TSUKUHAE I (1914)

"This print, which appeared in Tsukuhae, is characterized by a dynamic composition and suggestive use of color. The night train about to enter a tunnel which seems to represent the severities of life and nature might possibly be a representation of the artist himself at age 23."1
 
Piano and Wood
 from
TSUKUHAE II (1914)



Alienated Person
from TSUKUHAE IV (1915)



Two prints from Twelve Views of Great Tokyo


 The Third Month, Spring in Den'enchofu
 Omori-ku
 (1925)
from the series Twelve Views of Great Tokyo (Dai Tokyo Junikei)

 The Twelfth Month, The Station Platform in Snow, Kanda-ku (1925)
from the series Twelve Views of Great Tokyo (Dai Tokyo Junikei)

1 Fukuoka Art Museum website http://www.fukuoka-art-museum.jp/english/ec/html/ec02/02/fujimori.htm