Japanese Forces Conquer Kiuliencheng

Japanese Color Woodblock Print 

Japanese Forces Conquer Kiuliencheng (Jiuliancheng)

by Yōsai Nobushige, 1894

Repose
IHL Cat. #1358

IHL Cat. #350

About This Print

Two variations of the same print portraying a fictional battle for Kiuliencheng1 in Manchuria which was taken without opposition by the Japanese in late October 1894.


Source: Impressions of the Front: Woodcuts of the Sino-Japanese War, Shunpei Okamoto, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1983, p. 30.
"As the Japanese penetrated Manchuria, they prepared for a full-scale assault on the Chinese defense, then centered at Kiuliencheng.  War correspondent Kubota Beisen (1852-1906) reported on the Japanese conquest of Kiuliencheng:  'It was decided to attack Kiuliencheng on October 26.  So the night before, the various troops were given their orders.  Near dawn, the company I followed began marching.  The fine weather had changed for the worse as a heavy mist rolled over the area.  One could not see his hand before his eyes.  The cover of mist hid our troops, certainly an act of divine assistance!

Soon we heard from the commander, Lieutenant General Nozu Michitsura, that Kuliencheng had already fallen.  The citadel was immense, with ramparts of one square li [about one-third square mile], armed with cannons every three to four hundred meters.  Inside were nine barracks which could house five thousand troops.  That night the First Army's command post was established inside the citadel.'

Despite the battle scenes presented in [this] print, the Chinese had withdrawn from Kiuliencheng and the fortress was conquered virtually without fighting."

Unknown Seal
 

This unread seal, in the shape of a baren, appears beneath the artist's signature cartouche on the bottom right corner of the right panel.  

1 Kiuliencheng 連城 is also referred to as Jiuliancheng or Kyūrenjō

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #350; #1358
 Title or Description  Japanese Forces Conquer Kiuliencheng (Jiuliancheng)
 Dai Nihon daishōri Kyūrenjō botsuraku no zu 大日本大勝利九連城没落之図
 Artist  Yōsai Nobushige (active 1894-95)
 Signature
Nobushige ga 延重画
 Seal  Nobushige 延重 (see above)
 Publication Date  October 1894 (Meiji 27)
 Publisher
Furuhashi Shinnosuke for the firm Sin'eidō 古橋新之助 新栄堂 [Marks: seal not shown; pub. ref. 078]
[as printed in the bottom left margin of IHL Cat. #1358]
 Carver
Araki tō 荒木刀
 Impression  IHL Cat. #350: excellent
 IHL Cat. #1358: excellent
 Colors  IHL Cat. #350: excellent
 IHL Cat. #1358: excellent
 Condition IHL Cat. #350: fair - trimmed to image, three sheets joined, wrinkling throughout and some soiling, bottom margin frayed; not backed
 IHL Cat. #1358: good - three separate sheets; almost full-size with margins in tact; some handling creases and light soiling
 Genre  ukiyo-esenso-e (Sino-Japanese War)
 Miscellaneous  
 Format  vertical oban triptych
 H x W Paper
 IHL Cat. #350: 14 x 27 3/4 in. (35.6 x 70.54 cm)
 IHL Cat. #1358: 14 1/2 x 9 15/16 in. (36.8 x 25.2 cm) approx. each sheet
 H x W Image IHL Cat. #350: same as paper size
 IHL Cat. #1358: 14 1/16 x 9 5/16 in. (35.7 x 23.7 cm.) approx. for each sheet
 Literature
 Impressions of the Front: Woodcuts of the Sino-Japanese War, Shunpei Okamoto, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1983, p. 30. pl. 37
 Collections This Print
 Philadelphia Museum of Art 1976-75-182; Shizuoka Prefectural Central Library K915-108-050-019; British Library shelfmark 16126.d.1(36); Saint Lous Art Museum 299:2010a-c

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