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Morita Kanya XIII As Genta Kagesue in the play Genta Kando from the series Collection of Creative Print Portraits by Shunsen

 

 Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Morita Kanya XIII As Genta Kagesue

in the play Genta Kando

from the series Collection of Creative Print Portraits

by Shunsen

by Natori Shunsen, 1928


 
 

IHL Cat. #75

About This Print

One of thirty-six prints making up the Watanabe-published series Collection of Creative Print Portraits by Shunsen (1925-1929).  This print is the series installment no.28. Along with the print Ichikawa Sanshō in the role of Soga Gorō in the Play Uirō, one of two prints from this series in this collection.

The Series Collection of Portraits by Shunsen (Collection of Creative Print Portraits by Shunsen)

Source: Dramatic Impressions: Japanese Theatre Prints from the Gilbert Luber Collection, Chance, Frank L. & Davis, Julie Nelson, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007, p. 38-39 and Printed to Perfection: Twentieth-century Japanese Prints from the Robert O. Muller Collection, Merviss, Newland, et. al., Hotei Publishing, 2004, p. 88.  
The result of the [Watanabe-Shunsen] collaboration was a series called Shunsen nigao sh
ū [Collection of Portraits by Shunsen], sometimes translated as Portraits of Actors in Various Roles, produced between 1925 and 1929. Watanabe’s artisans were at this time at the peak of their skills, producing blocks with pristine, clear lines, and inking them in brilliant colors that reflect the evolution of tonalities to a modern vibrancy.  They were issued in a special paper folder, listing the names of the actors and their roles.  The series was extended by 15 more prints between 1929 and 1934.  

 
Original paper folder
 
Watanabe label verso


Catalogue Entry from The Toledo Art Museum Show 1930

One of thirty-six prints by Shunsen that were shown in the first shin hanga exhibition at the Toledo Museum of Art in 1930.

Source: Modern Japanese Prints, Dorothy Blair, The Toledo Art Museum, 1997
Actor in red orange kimono, flower and scroll pattern in yellow; crest, two white and yellow arrow-feathers; folded white collar with light gray fretwork design; two under-kimono, one pink, one light blue-green; blue shoulder capes with double arrow crest.  Fan, black, yellow, and blue; headdress, light red and white plum blossoms, yellow centers; black hat tied with purple and white, red-lined cord.  Background mottled gray.
Signed “Shunsen”; also his seal.  Margin: “Natori”, artist’s stamp of approval.  Edition, 150 impressions; issued in 1928.  14 15/16 x 10 1/32.

The Actor in the Print: Morita Kanya XIII

Source: Crosscurrents in the Drama: East and West Vol. 6, Stanley Vincent Longman; University of Alabama Press, 1998. 
Morita Kanya XIII (1885–1932), whose father had built the Shintomi-za, was eager to bring kabuki into the 20th century. Among his activities, he organized the Literary Arts Theatre (Bungei-za) which became active in 1915. He gathered around him young reform-minded kabuki actors, such as Otani Tomoemon VI (1886–1923) and Ichikawa Ennosuke II. They joined together with actresses trained at the Imperial Theatre’s acting school to study the new modern drama of the West. Kanya’s troupe of kabuki actors and modern actresses mounted 10 productions of new plays and of translated Western drama through 1925. Kanya played Jean Valjean in Hugo’s Les Miserables in 1920 at the Y¢raku-za and Bluntschli in Shaw’s Arms and the Man (Buki to Hito) at the Imperial Theatre in 1922 (Waseda 1998:245– 47). Kanya acted in Romeo and Juliet, the group’s production, in 1918 and played a highly acclaimed Hamlet in the group’s fourth production in 1919, using Shoyø’s direct translation in each case. Typical of Kanya’s troupe, he, a 13th-generation kabuki theatre manager and actor, acted opposite a newly trained shingeki actress, Otowa Kaneko, playing Ophelia (Sanshain Gekijø 1993:4). 

The hereditary zamoto and actor Morita Kanya XII (1846–1897) opened the first modern kabuki theatre near the foreign settlement in Tsukiji in 1872. Named the Shintomi-za because it was in Shintomi-cho district, it offered chairs for Western visitors and introduced first gas and then electricity for stage lighting.

Kanya produced kabuki programs at night from five in the afternoon until eleven in the evening in the Western manner (daytime performance had been mandatory during the Tokugawa period). Kanya’s modernizing and Westernizing strategies included staging plays that would appeal to foreign residents and visiting dignitaries. The Shintomi-za quickly became the theatre of choice for Meiji-period elite and foreign spectators. 

The Play and Character in the Print: Genta Kagesue in Genta Kando

Source: Aio Gallery website http://www.aoigallery.com/Natori_Shunsen_p4.html
   1. Genta Kagesue is ordered by his father to commit seppuku in the play Genta Kando.
   2. Genta’s father believes that his son has disgraced the family name because he failed to be the first to attack the enemy in battle, but in reality, Genta intentionally deferred the honor to another warrior who had helped his father in the past.
   3. Genta’s mother understands this and manages to convince his son to spare his own life and to regain his honor by returning to the battlefield.

Catalogue Raisonné Entry

Catalogue Raisonné – Ukiyoe Kabuki Gi Han Ga: Shunsen Natori (The Skill of Natori Shunsen in Kabuki Prints),
Kushigata Municipal Shunsen Museum
Kushigata, Japan; 1991, p.46, pl. 38.


Print Details
 IHL Catalog  #75
 Title  Morita Kanya XIII as Genta Kagesue
 Series 創作版画 春仙似顔集 (Sosaku hanga Shunsen nigao shū) Collection of Creative Print Portraits by Shunsen [Variously translated as Thirty-six Kabuki Actors Portraits or Portraits  of Actors in Various Roles or Collection of Creative Portraits by Shunsen]
 Catalogue Raisonné  Number 38
 Artist
 Natori Shunsen (1886 - 1960)
 Signature
春仙 Shunsen
 Seal
Shunsen leaf pattern below signature (as shown above) along with artist’s "Natori" stamp of approval lower right corner (as shown left)
 Date  1928
 Edition  First and only edition of 150 prints
 Publisher  Watanabe Shozaboru
 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition  good - overall light toning with minor remnants of paper cement stains top margin and center of bottom margin which are more noticeable verso.  This print underwent professional conservation (see "Conservation" below.)
 Miscellaneous
 Genre  shin hanga (new prints); nigao-e
 Format  Oban tate-e
 H x W Paper  16.0 x 10.75 in. (40.6 x 27.3 cm)
 H x W Image  14.9 x 10.0 in. (37.8 x 25.4 cm)
 Collections This Print  National Gallery of Australia Accn No: NGA 98.160; The Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum of Waseda University 201-0279; Toledo Museum of Art 1939.239
 Reference Literature Catalogue Raisonne – Ukiyoe Kabuki Gi Han Ga: Shunsen Natori (The Skill of Natori Shunsen in Kabuki Prints), Kushigata Municipal Shunsen Museum, Kushigata, Japan, 1991; Dramatic Impressions: Japanese Theatre Prints from the Gilbert Luber Collection, Chance, Frank L. & Davis, Julie Nelson, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007; Modern Japanese Prints, Dorothy Blair, The Toledo Art Museum, 1997; Printed to Perfection: Twentieth-century Japanese Prints from the Robert O. Muller Collection, Merviss, Newland, et. al., Hotei Publishing, 2004
Strong Women, Beautiful Men: Japanese Portrait Prints from the Toledo Museum of Art, Laura J. Mueller, Toledo Museum of Art, 2005, p. 92; Fresh Impressions: Early Modern Japanese Prints, Carol M. Putney, et. al., Toledo Museum of Art, 2014, p. 197, pl. 161;  Stars of the Tokyo Stage, Lucie Folan, et. al., National Gallery of Australia, 2012, p. 109.
 

Conservation

This print was conserved by the Portland Art Museum’s conservator Elizabeth Chambers in order to remove the discoloration from the front top margin of the print.  Her report stated, “The stains on the Shunsen test positive for removal with methyl ethyl ketone, suggesting rubber cement residue as I suspected. The printing inks do not react to the solvent. The treatment for the Shunsen went well.”

Before conservation.

After conservation.


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