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Preface to the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Preface

to the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces, 1925

Inscription by Washio Junkyō

Landscape attributed to Nakazawa Hiromitsu

Illustrated Account of the Sino-Japanese War, Volume 7


IHL Cat. #2413.03

IHL Cat. #2413.04

IHL Cat. #2413.05

About The Print


The album's three page preface 
by the Buddhist scholar and historiographer Washio Junkyō 鷲尾順敬 (1868-1941). Washio authored and co-authored numerous books and articles on the history of Buddhism, including History of Japanese Buddhism (Dai nihon bukkyō shi), 1897, and argued against the exclusion of women from participation in certain Buddhist practices and sacred locations, calling it unenlightened and bigoted.

Washio's inscription, covering three pages, is printed (printing method unknown) over a woodblock printed background of a bamboo forest, a type of gasan.2 




      Washio in 1926

Overview of the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
On December 1923, only a few months after the Great Kantō Earthquake devastated the Tokyo area, Nakazawa Hiromitsu along with his two friends, the poet Ishikura Suiyō and the artist Akatsuka Chūichi, began their pilgrimage to the thirty-three temples comprising the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage, taking seventy-eight days to complete the route. The result of their pilgrimage was Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces published by Kanao Tanejirō of the publishing house Kanao Bun'endō.

1 "gasan" 画賛 - In its broadest definition, an inscription, in poetry or prose, added to a picture, a practice that has a long tradition in China and Japan.

The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei) 

Japan's most famous pilgrimage, originating in the 11th century, encompasses 33 Buddhist temples in Western Japan (Kansai region) dedicated to Kannon (bodhisattva Avalokitasvara), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who hears the cries of the world and assists anyone in distress.

The 33 temples on the approximately 1,000 kilometer pilgrimage route correspond to Kannon's ability to take on 33 different forms. One hundred thousand pilgrims navigate the route in its entirety or part each year.

Note: For a listing of all 33 temples go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saigoku_Kannon_Pilgrimage. To access an interactive map of the route and its temples go to https://www.thetempleguy.org/p/saigoku-33-kannon-route.html and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

About the "Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces" 

First issued in 1925 and reprinted in 1946, the 1925 album contains 58 prints and the 1946 album 59 prints. For detailed discussion of the two editions and additional information on the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage see this site's article Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces.

Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
click on the image to go to the article

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2413.03, .04, .05
 Title or Description Preface encompassing three pages. Each page of the preface printed over a background woodblock print of a bamboo forest.
 Series Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
 西国三十三所巡礼画巻 Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei gakan
 Artist landscape attributed to Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)
 inscription by Mochizuki Shinkō (1869–1948)
 Signature
no signature seen.
Inscription in the right margin reading 史料編纂官 鷲尾順敬氏 - Mr. Washio Junkyō, Historiographer.
 Seal of the artist
 no seals
 Publication Date September 28, 1925 大正十四年九月十八日発行 as printed on colophon appearing on the inside of the album box. (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. #2413).
 Publisher 發行者 金尾種次郎 publisher Kanao Tanejirō
 發兌元 金尾文淵堂 publishing house Kanao Bun'endō
文淵堂
版 Bun'endō han
 Carver Okada Seijirō 岡田清次郎
Note: the album's colophon (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. #2413) lists two carvers, the above well-known Okada Seijirō and 大倉藤太郎, possibly read Okura Tōtarō, who I can find no information on. 
 Printer Nishimura Kumakichi 西村熊吉
Note: the album's colophon (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. #2413) lists three printers, the above well-known Nishmura Kumakichi; 山県秀助, possibly read Yamagata Hidesuki, who I can find no information on, and 松本兄弟堂, a company founded in Osaka by Matsumoto Kisaburō 松本喜三郎 in 1923, which I believe did the letterpress printing. 
 Impression IHL Cat. #2413.03; 04; 05: excellent
 Colors IHL Cat. #2413.03; 04; 05: excellent
 Condition IHL Cat. #2413.03 (sheet 1): good - toning along right margin edge; lower left margin tattered.
 IHL Cat. #2413.04 (sheet 2): fair - left margin tattered; approx. 2 x 3/4 in. bleed from album cover bottom right
  IHL Cat. #2413.05 (sheet 3): fair - overall toning; soiling; diagonal fold upper right of margin
 Genre shin hanga; shasei kikō (sketch-tour)
 Miscellaneous
 Format horizontal oban
 H x W Paper 
 each sheet: 10 1/16 x 15 1/8 in. (25.4 x 38.6 cm)
 H x W Image
 each sheet: 8 1/2 x 11 1/2 in. (21.6 x 29.8 cm) (area defined by green/magenta border)
 Literature  Nakazawa Hiromitsu kenkyū: Hon karano kenshō, Hiromitsu Nakazawa, Mitsunobu Satō, et. al., Mitsui Kōkei, Tokyo, 2006, p. 46-48.
 Collections This Print
 National Diet Library Call Number 寄別7-8-2-5 (1925 album, no images displayed); Harvard Yenching Library HOLLIS number 990082993710203941 (1925 album, no images displayed)

last revision:
1/30/2021
12/27/2020 created
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