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Nan'endō from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Nan'endō (temple 9)

from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

by Nakazawa Hiromitsu, 1925

Illustrated Account of the Sino-Japanese War, Volume 7


IHL Cat. #2317

IHL Cat. #2413.17
(from the complete 1925 album of prints IHL Cat. #2413)

About This Print

Nan'endō, located at the southwest edge of Nara Park, is the ninth temple along the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage. Nakazawa shows us couples strolling along Sarusawa Pond while the famous Nara Park deer tend to their business. In the background we see the octagonal Nan'endō Hall on the right and the pagoda, left-center, is likely the three-story Sanjū-no-tō. Nan'endō is within the Kōfuku-ji 興福寺 complex.

Along with his two traveling companions, the poet Ishikura Suiyō and the artist Akatsuka Chūichi, Nakazawa undertook this 600 mile pilgrimage in December 1923, only three months after the Great Kantō Earthquake devastated the Tokyo area. 


Nan'endō (South Octagonal Hall)

The Temple


First built in 813, Nan'endō (Southern Round Hall) is located on the edge of Nara Park in Nara Prefecture and is the 9th temple on the Saigoku Kannon pilgrimage route. The hall was build as a memorial by the Northern Fujiwara clan, which founded Kōfuku-ji as a family temple and as a center for the Hossō Buddhist sect in 710. 

Fukūkenjaku Kannon
by Kōkei, 1189
wood and gold leaf over lacquer.
"Nan’endō’s principal Kannon image is Fukūkenjaku Kannon (sometimes known as Fukūkensaku), which means 'Kannon who holds the rope and snare.'  She has three eyes and eight arms, and the beast-catching net and fish-catching line in her hands symbolize Kannon’s ability to catch up all beings in order to save them, and the promise that prayers will be answered. This noose-and-net-bearing Kannon is also associated with helping people who are harassed by their more ‘animal’ passions, like anger, gluttony, addiction, and lust; though this Kannon’s principal renown is for keeping the family safe and ensuring the health and long life of one’s descendants."

The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei) 

Japan's most famous pilgrimage, originating in the 11th century, encompasses 33 Buddhist temples in Western Japan (Kansai region) dedicated to Kannon (bodhisattva Avalokitasvara), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who hears the cries of the world and assists anyone in distress.

The 33 temples on the approximately 1,000 kilometer pilgrimage route correspond to Kannon's ability to take on 33 different forms. One hundred thousand pilgrims navigate the route in its entirety or part each year.

Note: For a listing of all 33 temples go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saigoku_Kannon_Pilgrimage. To access an interactive map of the route and its temples go to https://www.thetempleguy.org/p/saigoku-33-kannon-route.html and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

About the "Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces" 

First issued in 1925 and reprinted in 1946, the 1925 album contains 58 prints and the 1946 album 59 prints. For detailed discussion of the two editions and additional information on the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage see this site's article Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces.

Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
click on the image to go to the article

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2317, 2413.17
 Title or Description  Nan'endō  (temple 9)
 南圓堂 (九)  [also seen written as 南円堂]
 Series  Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
 西国三十三所巡礼画巻 Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei gakan
 Artist  Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)
 Signature
中澤弘光 [Nakazawa Hiromitsu] printed in lower right margin as shown left
 Seal of the artist
弘 Hiro
 Publication Date  Published September 28, 1925 大正十四年九月十八日発行 as printed in the 1925 album's colophon (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. #2413).
Note: an earlier date of June 15, 1925 大正十四年六月十五日 appears in the right margin of the print titled Matsunoo-dera [IHL Cat. #2245], the only print in the 1925 album which carries a date. This earlier date, however, is the date that the censor's approval was obtained, as further explained on this site's web page for Matsunoo-dera, rather than the publishing date.
 Publisher
文淵堂版 Bun'endō han printed in lower right margin as shown left

發行者 金尾種次郎 publisher Kanao Tanejirō
發兌元 金尾文淵堂 publishing house Kanao Bun'endō
 Carver  Okada Seijirō 岡田清次郎
Note: the album's colophon (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. 2413) lists two carvers, the above well-known Okada Seijirō and 大倉藤太郎, possibly read Okura Tōtarō, who I can find no information on. 
 Printer  Nishimura Kumakichi 西村熊吉
Note: the album's colophon (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. 2413) lists three printers, the above well-known Nishmura Kumakichi; 山県秀助, possibly read Yamagata Hidesuki, who I can find no information on, and 松本兄弟堂, a company founded in Osaka by Matsumoto Kisaburō 松本喜三郎 in 1923, which I believe did the letterpress printing. 
 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition  excellent - minor marks and soiling
 Genre  shin hanga; shasei kikō (sketch-tour)
 Miscellaneous
temple/print number 9 appearing in the right margin of the 1925 release
 Format  horizontal oban
 H x W Paper 
 IHL Cat. #2317: 10 1/8 x 15 1/4 in. (25.7 x 38.7 cm)  
 IHL Cat. #2413.17: 10 1/8 x 15 3/16 in. (25.7 x 38.6 cm)
 H x W Image
 IHL Cat. #2317: 8 3/8 x 11 9/16 in. (21.3 x 29.4 cm)
 IHL Cat. #2413.17: 8 3/8 x 11 5/8 in. (21.3 x 29.5 cm)
 Literature   Nakazawa Hiromitsu kenkyū: Hon karano kenshō, Hiromitsu Nakazawa, Mitsunobu Satō, et. al., Mitsui Kōkei, Tokyo, 2006, p. 46-48.
 Collections This Print
 National Diet Library Call Number 寄別7-8-2-5 (1925 album, no images displayed); National Library Board, Singapore BRN:9854371 (entire 1946 album, no images shown); British Library System number: 017018582 (entire 1946 album, no images shown)Harvard Yenching Library HOLLIS number 990082993710203941 (1925 album, no images displayed)

last revision:
1/15/2021
12/20/2020
7/4/2020
6/30/2020 created
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