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Mr. Nakazawa Hiromitsu Returns to the Inn in Kyoto from His Pilgrimage from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Mr. Nakazawa Hiromitsu Returns to the Inn in Kyoto from His Pilgrimage

from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

by Akatsuka Chūichi  (1887-?), 1925

Illustrated Account of the Sino-Japanese War, Volume 7


IHL Cat. #2314

IHL Cat. #2413.46
(from the complete 1925 album of prints IHL Cat. #2413)

About This Print

The artist Nakazawa Hiromitsu relaxing on the veranda of his inn in Kyoto after completing the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage. This print was designed by the Western-style  (yōga) artist, and close friend of Nakazawa's, Akatsuka Chūichi 赤塚忠一 (1887-?) who accompanied him, along with the poet Ishikura Suiyō, on the seventy-eight day pilgrimage during which they visited all thirty-three temples plus one bangai temple. 

Nakazawa and his companions undertook this 600 mile pilgrimage in December 1923, only three months after the Great Kantō Earthquake devastated the Tokyo area. 


The Artist Akatsuka Chūichi 赤塚忠一 (1887-?) 

Very little information is available on Akatsuka, a yga (Western-style) artist and friend of Nakazawa Hiromitsu. We do know that in the immediate aftermath of the Great Kantō Earthquake he contributed, along with Nakazawa and several other artists, to the publisher Kanao Tanejirō's October 1923 Picture Album of the Great Kanto Earthquake 関東大震災画帖. His paintings can occasionally be found reproduced as period postcards, such as the below painting titled Early Autumn Sea exhibited at the 4th annual exhibition of the Imperial Art Academy.

 初秋の海 赤塚忠一氏筆 
帝国美術院第4回美術展覧会出品
Early Autumn Sea, painted by Mr. Akatsuka Chichi
The 4th Imperial Art Academy Annual Exhibition


The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei) 

Japan's most famous pilgrimage, originating in the 11th century, encompasses 33 Buddhist temples in Western Japan (Kansai region) dedicated to Kannon (bodhisattva Avalokitasvara), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who hears the cries of the world and assists anyone in distress.

The 33 temples on the approximately 1,000 kilometer pilgrimage route correspond to Kannon's ability to take on 33 different forms. One hundred thousand pilgrims navigate the route in its entirety or part each year.

Note: For a listing of all 33 temples go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saigoku_Kannon_Pilgrimage. To access an interactive map of the route and its temples go to https://www.thetempleguy.org/p/saigoku-33-kannon-route.html and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

About the "Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces" 
First issued in 1925 and reprinted in 1946, the 1925 album contains 58 prints and the 1946 album 59 prints. For detailed discussion of the two editions and additional information on the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage see this site's article Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces.

Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
click on the image to go to the article

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2314 and #2413.46
 Title or Description Mr. Nakazawa Hiromitsu Returns to the Inn in Kyoto from His Pilgrimage
 巡禮より京の宿に帰れる中澤弘光氏 
 Note: title of this print appears in both the table of contents and in the margin of this print.

The following inscription written on the print itself is unread.

 Series Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
 西国三十三所巡礼画巻 Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei gakan
 Artist Akatsuka Chūichi (1887-?)
 Signature
赤塚忠一 [Akatsuka Chūichi] printed in lower right margin as shown left
 Seal of the artist

 Publication Date Published September 28, 1925 大正十四年九月十八日発行 as printed in the 1925 album's colophon (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. 2413).
Note: an earlier date of June 15, 1925 大正十四年六月十五日 appears in the right margin of the print titled Matsunoo-dera [IHL Cat. #2245], the only print in the 1925 album which carries a date. This earlier date, however, is the date that the censor's approval was obtained, as further explained on this site's web page for Matsunoo-dera, rather than the publishing date.
 Publisher
 發行者 金尾種次郎 publisher Kanao Tanejirō
 發兌元 金尾文淵堂 publishing house Kanao Bun'endō

文淵堂版 [Bun'endō han] printed in lower right margin as shown left
 Carver Okada Seijirō 岡田清次郎
Note: the album's colophon (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. 2413) lists two carvers, the above well-known Okada Seijirō and 大倉藤太郎, possibly read Okura Tōtarō, who I can find no information on. 
 Printer Nishimura Kumakichi 西村熊吉
Note: the album's colophon (see Album Box with Print of Kannon IHL Cat. 2413) lists three printers, the above well-known Nishmura Kumakichi; 山県秀助, possibly read Yamagata Hidesuki, who I can find no information on, and 松本兄弟堂, a company founded in Osaka by Matsumoto Kisaburō 松本喜三郎 in 1923, which I believe did the letterpress printing. 
 Impression IHL Cat. #2314 and 2413.46: excellent
 Colors IHL Cat. #2314 and 2413.46: excellen
 Condition IHL Cat. #2314 and 2413.46: excellent - light toning throughout
 Genre shin hanga; shasei kikō (sketch-tour)
 Miscellaneous
 Format horizontal oban
 H x W Paper 
 IHL Cat. #2314 and 2413.46: 10 1/16 x 15 1/4 in. (25.6 x 38.7 cm)  
 H x W Image
 IHL Cat. #2314 and 2413.46: 8 5/8 x 11 9/16 in. (21.9 x 29.4 cm)
 Literature  Nakazawa Hiromitsu kenkyū: Hon karano kenshō, Hiromitsu Nakazawa, Mitsunobu Satō, et. al., Mitsui Kōkei, Tokyo, 2006, p. 46-48.
 Collections This Print
 National Diet Library Call Number 寄別7-8-2-5 (1925 album, no images displayed); National Library Board, Singapore BRN:9854371 (entire 1946 album, no images shown); British Library System number: 017018582 (entire 1946 album, no images shown)Harvard Yenching Library HOLLIS number 990082993710203941 (1925 album, no images displayed)

last revision:
1/28/2021
12/24/2020
7/7/2020 created
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