Home‎ > ‎Artists‎ > ‎Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)‎ > ‎

Mr. Nakazawa Hiromitsu Returns to the Inn in Kyoto from His Pilgrimage from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Mr. Nakazawa Hiromitsu Returns to the Inn in Kyoto from His Pilgrimage

from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

by Akatsuka Chūichi  (1887-?), 1925

Illustrated Account of the Sino-Japanese War, Volume 7


IHL Cat. #2314

About This Print

The artist relaxing on the veranda of his inn in Kyoto after completing his pilgrimage. This print was designed by the Western-style artist, and close friend of Nakazawa's, Akatsuka Chūichi 赤塚忠一 (1887-?). I am still searching for information on exactly when Nakazawa undertook his pilgrimage to the 33 temples that make up the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage. Of course it was prior to the 1925 publishing of the print portfolio containing woodblocks of the sketches he made along the way, but whether he undertook the pilgrimage in one stage or several stages and how long it took him we do not know.

Nakazawa's involvement with the sketch-tour genre, of which this portfolio is an example of, working mainly with the publisher of this series Kanao Tanejirō of the publishing house Kanao Bun'endō, is discussed in brief under his biography on this site.  Whether Nakazawa originated the idea of undertaking the pilgrimage or it was commissioned by Kano is unknown, but the resulting portfolio must have met with a measure of success sufficient to allow its reissuing after WWII in 1945.
 
The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei) 
Sources: website of cultural anthropologist Martin Gray http://www.taleofgenji.org/saigoku_pilgrimage.html and "Buddhist Pilgrim/Buddhist Exile: Old and New Images of Retired Emperor Kazan in the Saigoku Kannon Temple Guidebooks," Mark MacWilliams, appearing in History of Religions, May, 1995, Vol. 34, No. 4, The University of Chicago Press,  p. 303-328.

Japan's most famous pilgrimage, originating in the 11th century, encompasses 33 Buddhist temples in Western Japan (Kansai region) dedicated to Kannon (bodhisattva Avalokitasvara), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who hears the cries of the world and assists anyone in distress.

The 33 temples on the approximately 1,000 kilometer pilgrimage route correspond to Kannon's ability to take on 33 different forms. One hundred thousand pilgrims navigate the route in its entirety or part each year.

Note: For a listing of all 33 temples go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saigoku_Kannon_Pilgrimage. To access an interactive map of the route and its temples go to https://www.thetempleguy.org/p/saigoku-33-kannon-route.html and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

About the "Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces" 
First issued in 1925 and reprinted in 1946, the 1925 album contains 58 prints and the 1946 album 59 prints. For detailed discussion of the two editions and additional information on the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage see this site's article Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces.

Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
click on the image to go to the article

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2314
 Title or Description Mr. Nakazawa Hiromitsu Returns to the Inn in Kyoto from His Pilgrimage
 巡禮より京の宿に帰れる中澤弘光氏
 Series Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
 西国三十三所巡礼画巻 Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei gakan
 Artist Akatsuka Chūichi (1887-?)
 Signature
赤塚忠一 [Akatsuka Chūichi] printed in lower right margin as shown left
 Seal of the artist

 Publication Date June 15, 1925 大正十四年六月十五日発行 舞鶴要塞可令部検閲済 [Not all the individual prints in the 1925 release carry a date. This date is taken from the right margin of this collection's 1925 print Matsunoo-dera IHL Cat. #2245. Note the date is followed by an inscription indicating the print was inspected and approved by the authorities at the Maizuru Fort Headquarters. (舞鶴要塞可令部検閲済 = Maizuru Fort Headquarters Inspection Approval)]
 Publisher
 發行者 金尾種次郎 publisher Kanao Tanejirō
 發兌元 金尾文淵堂 publishing house Kanao Bun'endō

文淵堂版 [Bun'endō han] printed in lower right margin as shown left
 Carver Okada Seijirō 岡田清次郎 and Ōkura Fujitarō (Ōkura Tōtarō?) 大倉藤太郎
 Note on carvers: the above information is taken from the detailed information in the ADEAC system for the 1925 release. While the printer Okada is well known, the second listed printer 大倉藤太郎 is not and I can find no information on him.
 Printer Nishimura Kumakichi 西村熊吉 and Yamagata Hidesuki? 山県秀助
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition excellent - light toning throughout
 Genre shin hanga; shasei kikō (sketch-tour)
 Miscellaneous
 Format horizontal oban
 H x W Paper 
 10 1/16 x 15 1/4 in. (25.6 x 38.7 cm)  
 H x W Image
 8 5/8 x 11 9/16 in. (21.9 x 29.4 cm)
 Literature  
 Collections This Print
 National Diet Library Call Number 寄別7-8-2-5 (1925 album, no images displayed); National Library Board, Singapore BRN:9854371 (entire 1946 album, no images shown); British Library System number: 017018582 (entire 1946 album, no images shown)Harvard Yenching Library HOLLIS number 990082993710203941 (1925 album, no images displayed)

last revision:
12/24/2020
7/7/2020 created

Comments