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Iwama-dera from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Iwama-dera (temple 12)

from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

by Nakazawa Hiromitsu, 1925

Illustrated Account of the Sino-Japanese War, Volume 7


IHL Cat. #2318

IHL Cat. #2413.20
(from the complete 1925 album of prints IHL Cat. #2413)

About This Print


Nakazawa pictures two weary pilgrims with what appears to be heavy loads on their backs walking in the grounds of Iwama-dera, the twelfth temple along the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage. 

Along with his two traveling companions, the poet Ishikura Suiyō and the artist Akatsuka Chūichi, Nakazawa undertook this 600 mile pilgrimage in December 1923, only three months after the Great Kantō Earthquake devastated the Tokyo area. 

The Temple


Iwama-dera, also known as Shōbō-ji, was founded in 722 by the shugendō monk Taichō (682-767) who received permission to build the temple after curing Empress Genshō of an illness. Iwama-dera is located on Mount Iwama on the border between Otsu and Uji in Shiga Prefecture. It is one of the less visited temples on the pilgrimage. It is known for its unusual statue of Kannon Bosatsu that, according to legend, constantly sweats.

The main enshrined image (honzon) of the temple is the bodhisattva Kannon Senjū.

The temple, visited by Basho in 2687, inspired him to write the following haiku:
Old pond/frog jumps into/sound of water

image source: website of Biwako Otsu Tourism Association https://otsu.or.jp/walkotsu/


The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei) 
Sources: website of cultural anthropologist Martin Gray http://www.taleofgenji.org/saigoku_pilgrimage.html and "Buddhist Pilgrim/Buddhist Exile: Old and New Images of Retired Emperor Kazan in the Saigoku Kannon Temple Guidebooks," Mark MacWilliams, appearing in History of Religions, May, 1995, Vol. 34, No. 4, The University of Chicago Press,  p. 303-328.

Japan's most famous pilgrimage, originating in the 11th century, encompasses 33 Buddhist temples in Western Japan (Kansai region) dedicated to Kannon (bodhisattva Avalokitasvara), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who hears the cries of the world and assists anyone in distress.

The 33 temples on the approximately 1,000 kilometer pilgrimage route correspond to Kannon's ability to take on 33 different forms. One hundred thousand pilgrims navigate the route in its entirety or part each year.

Note: For a listing of all 33 temples go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saigoku_Kannon_Pilgrimage. To access an interactive map of the route and its temples go to https://www.thetempleguy.org/p/saigoku-33-kannon-route.html and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

About the "Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces" 

First issued in 1925 and reprinted in 1946, the 1925 album contains 58 prints and the 1946 album 59 prints. For detailed discussion of the two editions and additional information on the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage see this site's article Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces.

Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
click on the image to go to the article

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2318 and #2413.20
 Title or Description Iwama-dera (temple 12)
 
岩間寺 (十二)
 Series Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
 西国三十三所巡礼画巻 Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei gakan
 Artist Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)
 Signature
中澤弘光 [Nakazawa Hiromitsu] printed in lower right margin as shown left
 Seal of the artist
弘 Hiro
 Publication Date June 15, 1925 大正十四年六月十五日発行 舞鶴要塞可令部検閲済 [As printed in the right margin of this collection's 1925 print Matsunoo-dera IHL Cat. #2245, the only print in the album that carries a date. The date is followed by an inscription indicating the print was inspected and approved by the authorities at the Maizuru Fort Headquarters, 舞鶴要塞可令部検閲済 (Maizuru Fort Headquarters Inspection Approval). Note that the date of publication on the colophon accompanying the complete 1925 album is September 28, 1925 大正十四年九月十八日発行.]
 Publisher
 發行者 金尾種次郎 publisher Kanao Tanejirō
 發兌元 金尾文淵堂 publishing house Kanao Bun'endō

文淵堂版 [Bun'endō han] printed in lower right margin as shown left
 Carver Okada Seijirō 岡田清次郎 and Ōkura Fujitarō (Ōkura Tōtarō?) 大倉藤太郎
 Note on carvers: the above information is taken from the detailed information in the ADEAC system for the 1925 release. While the printer Okada is well known, the second listed printer 大倉藤太郎 is not and I can find no information on him.
 Printer Nishimura Kumakichi 西村熊吉 and Yamagata Hidesuki? 山県秀助
 Impression IHL Cat. #2318: excellent
 IHL Cat. #2413.20: excellent
 Colors IHL Cat. #2318: excellent
 IHL Cat. #2413.20: fair - heavy toning throughout darkening colors
 Condition IHL Cat. #2318: excellent - minor marks and soiling
 IHL Cat. #2413.20: poor - heavy toning; red staining lower left margin; right margin edge folds and small tears
excellent 
 Genre shin hanga; shasei kikō (sketch-tour)
 Miscellaneous
temple/print number 12 appearing in the right margin of the 1925 release
 Format horizontal oban
 H x W Paper 
 IHL Cat. #2318: 10 1/8 x 15 1/4 in. (25.7 x 38.7 cm)
 IHL Cat. #2413.20: 10 1/8 x 15 1/4 in. (25.7 x 38.7 cm)
 H x W Image
 IHL Cat. #2318: 8 1/2 x 11 9/16 in. (21.6 x 29.4 cm)
 IHL Cat. #2413.20: 8 1/2 x 11 9/16 in. (21.6 x 29.4 cm)
 Literature  
 Collections This Print
 National Diet Library Call Number 寄別7-8-2-5 (1925 album, no images displayed); National Library Board, Singapore BRN:9854371 (entire 1946 album, no images shown); British Library System number: 017018582 (entire 1946 album, no images shown)Harvard Yenching Library HOLLIS number 990082993710203941 (1925 album, no images displayed)

last revision:
1/25/2021
7/6/2020 created
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