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Appendix 1 (temples 1, 2 and 3) from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)

Japanese Letterpress Print

Appendix 1 (temples 1, 2 and 3)

from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

by unknown, 1925

Illustrated Account of the Sino-Japanese War, Volume 7

IHL Cat. #2413.47
(from the complete 1925 album of prints IHL Cat. #2413)

About This Print

The first of eleven appendices in the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces, each providing information on three of the thirty-three temples that make up the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage. Each appendix sheet provides a sketch of each temple's honzon 本尊 (enshrined principle image), its goeika 御詠歌 (a song/prayer recited by some pilgrims) and a haikai (comic linked verse) composed by the haiku poet Ishikura Suiyō 石倉翠葉 (1875-1938) who, along with the artist Akatsuka Chūichi 赤塚忠一 (1887-?), accompanied Nakazawa on his seventy-eight day pilgrimage to the thirty-three temples and surrounding sights beginning on December 11, 1923. The creator of the honzon sketches is unknown.

The three temples on this sheet (including their locales, using the old province names, and sangō 山号*) are:
Kii no kuni Nachi-san Seiganto-ji 纪伊國 那智 青岸渡寺 (temple 1, )

Kii no kuni Kimii-san Kimii-dera 纪伊國 紀三井山 金剛宝寺 (temple 2, 二) [note: the appendix contains a misprint as it lists the temple's sangō as Fudaraku-san 普陀洛山 instead of Kimii-san 紀三井山. Kimii-san is correctly listed in the album's table of contents.]

Kii no kuni Fudaraku-san Kokawa-dera 國 補陀洛山 粉河寺 (temple 3, 三).

Each temple name in the below table is linked to its corresponding print.

* the name of a Buddhist temple's sacred mountain prefixed to the name of the temple. They are used both in the portfolio's table of contents and on each addendum sheet.

 Temple Name and Number
 Principle Image (honzon)
Goeika 御詠歌
 Seiganto-ji 青岸渡寺, temple 1
 
 Nyoirin kannon 如意輪観世音菩薩
On Kannon's island paradise,
Waves crash upon the shores;
In the sacred land of Kumano,
Down Nachi Mountain,
The thundering waterfall cascades
補陀洛や 岸打つ波は 三熊野の 那智のお山に ひびく滝津瀬
 Kimii-dera 金剛宝寺, temple 2

 Jūichimen kannon 十一面観世音菩薩 
 
The place of my birth
Is far away from here,
Kimiidera,
Captial of the cherry blossoms,
Feels closer than home
ふるさとを はるばるここに 紀三井寺 花の都も 近くなるらん
 Kokawa-dera 粉河寺, temple 3

 Senju kannon 千手千眼観世音菩薩
My father and mother's
Kindness runs deeply
Kokawadera
Upon Kannon's vow
I can depend
ちちははの 恵みも深き 粉河寺 ほとけの誓ひ たのもしの身や
Notes:
1. The honzon listed for each temple taken from "Living Icons: 'Reizō' Myths of the Saikoku Kannon Pilgrimage", Mark MacWilliams, appearin in Monumenta Nipponica , Spring, 2004, Vol. 59, No. 1, Sophia University, p. 35-82 https://www.jstor.org/stable/25066274 and the corresponding kanji from the website of the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage Association https://www.saikoku33.gr.jp/
2. All goeika English translations taken from A Pilgrimage in Japan: The 33 Temples of Kannon, Joan D. Stamm, Mantra Books, 2018. Goeika in Japanese taken from the website of the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage Association https://www.saikoku33.gr.jp/

Comparison of Appendices - The Original 1925 Release and the 1946 Second Edition

As shown below, the original 1925 release is printed in red ink on the same paper used for the prints themselves. The 1946 release is printed in black ink on a thin translucent sheet of paper.

A 1925 (left) and 1946 (right): Appendix 2 (temples 4, 5 and 6)

About the "Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces" 

First issued in 1925 and reprinted in 1946, the 1925 album contains 58 prints and the 1946 album 59 prints. For detailed discussion of the two editions and additional information on the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage see this site's article Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces.

Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
click on the image to go to the article

The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei) 

Japan's most famous pilgrimage, originating in the 11th century, encompasses 33 Buddhist temples in Western Japan (Kansai region) dedicated to Kannon (bodhisattva Avalokitasvara), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who hears the cries of the world and assists anyone in distress.

The 33 temples on the approximately 1,000 kilometer pilgrimage route correspond to Kannon's ability to take on 33 different forms. One hundred thousand pilgrims navigate the route in its entirety or part each year.

Note: For a listing of all 33 temples go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saigoku_Kannon_Pilgrimage. To access an interactive map of the route and its temples go to https://www.thetempleguy.org/p/saigoku-33-kannon-route.html and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2413.47
 Title or Description
Appendix 1 (temples 1, 2 and 3)
 附録 一
 Series Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
 西国三十三所巡礼画巻 Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei gakan
 Artist unknown - sketches of honzon not credited.  Principle artist for portfolio is Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964). Haikai by Ishikura Suiyō 石倉翠葉 (1875-1938)
 Signature
 not signed
 Seal of the artist not sealed
 Publication Date September 28, 1925 大正十四年九月十八日発行 [publishing date as given on the colophon for the 1925 album]
 Publisher
文淵堂版 Bun'endō han

發行者 金尾種次郎 publisher Kanao Tanejirō
發兌元 金尾文淵堂 publishing house Kanao Bun'endō
 Carver not applicable
 Printer 松本兄弟堂, a company founded in Osaka by Matsumoto Kisaburō 松本喜三郎 in 1923 
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition fair - foxing and discoloration; paper loss upper right and left margins
 Genre shin hanga; shasei kikō (sketch-tour)
 Miscellaneous
 Format horizontal oban
 H x W Paper 
 10 1/16 x 15 3/16 in. (25.6 x 38.6 cm) 
 H x W Image
 8 9/16 x 11 1/2 in. (21.7 x 29.2 cm) (area with red border)
 Literature  Nakazawa Hiromitsu kenkyū: Hon karano kenshō, Hiromitsu Nakazawa, Mitsunobu Satō, et. al., Mitsui Kōkei, Tokyo, 2006, p. 46-48.
 Collections This Print
 National Diet Library Call Number 寄別7-8-2-5; National Library Board, Singapore BRN:9854371 (entire 1946 album, no images shown); British Library System number: 017018582 (entire 1946 album, no images shown)Harvard Yenching Library HOLLIS number 990082993710203941 (1925 album)

last revision:
12/22/2020 created

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