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Appendix 7 (temples 19, 20 and 21) from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)

Japanese Letterpress Print

Appendix 7 (temples 19, 20 and 21)

from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

by unknown, 1925 and 1946

Illustrated Account of the Sino-Japanese War, Volume 7


IHL Cat. #2413.53 (1925)
(from the complete album of prints IHL Cat. #2413)

IHL Cat. #2325 (1946)

About This Print

The original 1925 edition and re-printed 1946 edition print of the seventh of eleven appendices in the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces portfolio, each providing information on three of the thirty-three temples that make up the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage. Each appendix sheet provides a sketch of each temple's honzon 本尊(enshrined principle image), its goeika 御詠歌 (a song/prayer recited by some pilgrims) and a haikai (comic linked verse) composed by the haiku poet Ishikura Suiyō 石倉翠葉 (1875-1938) who, along with the artist Akatsuka Chūichi 赤塚忠一 (1887-?), accompanied Nakazawa on his seventy-eight day pilgrimage to the thirty-three temples and surrounding sights beginning on December 11, 1923. The creator of the honzon sketches is unknown.

The three temples on this sheet (including their locales, using the old province names, and sangō 山号*) are:

Kyōto-shi Reiyū-zan Kōdō Gyōgan-ji 京都市 霊麀山 革堂行願寺 (temple 19, 十九)

Yamashiro no kuni Nishi-yama Yoshimine-dera 山城國 西山 善峰寺 (temple 20, 二十)

Tamba no kuni Bodai-zan Anao-ji 丹波國 菩提山 穴太寺 (temple 21, 二十一).

* the name of a Buddhist temple's sacred mountain prefixed to the name of the temple. They are used both in the portfolio's table of contents and on each addendum sheet.

 Temple Name and Number Goeika  御詠歌
 Gyōgan-ji 革堂行願寺 (Kōdō), temple 19 Looking at this flower
My wish now
Is that the thousand flowers
In Kodo's garden
Will bloom
花を見て いまは望みも 革堂の 庭の千草も 盛りなるらん 
 Yoshimine-dera 善峰寺, temple 20 Passing through the fields
On a mountain path
Heading towards rainy skies
From Yoshimine

The evening showers clear 
野をもすぎ 山路にむかふ 雨の空 善峯よりも 晴るる夕立 
 Anao-ji  穴太寺, temple 21 In the next world
I may be born again
To more human suffering
So I pray
With ten voice, one voice
かかる世に 生まれあふ身の あな憂やと 思はで頼め 十声一声 
Note: All goeika English translations taken from A Pilgrimage in Japan: The 33 Temples of Kannon, Joan D. Stamm, Mantra Books, 2018. Goeika in Japanese taken from the website of the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage Association https://www.saikoku33.gr.jp/

Comparison of Appendix Sheets - The Original 1925 Release and the 1946 Second Edition

As shown below, the original 1925 release is printed in red ink on the same paper used for the prints themselves. The 1946 release is printed in black ink on a thin translucent sheet of paper.

A 1925 (left) and 1946 (right): Appendix 2 (temples 4, 5 and 6)

About the "Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces" 

First issued in 1925 and reprinted in 1946, the 1925 album contains 58 prints and the 1946 album 59 prints. For detailed discussion of the two editions and additional information on the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage see this site's article Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces.

Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
click on the image to go to the article

The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei) 
Sources: website of cultural anthropologist Martin Gray http://www.taleofgenji.org/saigoku_pilgrimage.html and "Buddhist Pilgrim/Buddhist Exile: Old and New Images of Retired Emperor Kazan in the Saigoku Kannon Temple Guidebooks," Mark MacWilliams, appearing in History of Religions, May, 1995, Vol. 34, No. 4, The University of Chicago Press,  p. 303-328.

Japan's most famous pilgrimage, originating in the 11th century, encompasses 33 Buddhist temples in Western Japan (Kansai region) dedicated to Kannon (bodhisattva Avalokitasvara), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who hears the cries of the world and assists anyone in distress.

The 33 temples on the approximately 1,000 kilometer pilgrimage route correspond to Kannon's ability to take on 33 different forms. One hundred thousand pilgrims navigate the route in its entirety or part each year.

Note: For a listing of all 33 temples go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saigoku_Kannon_Pilgrimage. To access an interactive map of the route and its temples go to https://www.thetempleguy.org/p/saigoku-33-kannon-route.html and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2325, #2413.53 
 Title or Description
 Appendix 7 (temples 19, 20 and 21)
 附録 
 


note: the title shown left appears only on the 1925 edition
 Series  Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
 西国三十三所巡礼画巻 Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei gakan
 Artist  unknown - sketches of honzon not credited.  Principle artist for portfolio is Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964). Haikai by Ishikura Suiyō 石倉翠葉 (1875-1938).
 Signature
 not signed
 Seal of the artist  not sealed
 Publication Date  IHL Cat. #2413.53:  September 28, 1925 大正十四年九月十八日発行 [publishing date as given on the colophon for the 1925 album] 
 IHL Cat. #2325: January 18, 1946 昭和二十一年一月十八日発行 [Individual prints in the 1946 release are not dated. This date taken from a 1946 album colophon.]
 Publisher  發行者 金尾種次郎 publisher Kanao Tanejirō
 發兌元 金尾文淵堂 publishing house Kanao Bun'endō
 Below publisher's seal reading 文淵堂版 Bun'endō han appears in the right margin only on 1925 edition.
 Carver  not applicable
 Printer  unknown
 Impression  IHL Cat. #2413.53: excellent 
 IHL Cat. #2325: excellent
 Colors  IHL Cat. #2413.53: excellent
 IHL Cat. #2325: excellent
 Condition  IHL Cat. #2413.53: good - light foxing; tattered margin edges
 IHL Cat. #2325: excellent - light vertical fold
 Genre  shin hanga; shasei kikō (sketch-tour)
 Miscellaneous
 Format  horizontal oban
 H x W Paper 
 IHL Cat. #2413.53: 10 1/16 x 15 3/16 in. (25.6 x 38.6 cm) 
 IHL Cat. #2325: 9 5/8 x 13 7/8 in. (24.4 x 35.2 cm) 
 H x W Image
 IHL Cat. #2413.53:  8 9/16 x 11 1/2 in. (21.7 x 29.2 cm) (area within red border)
 IHL Cat. #2325: 8 9/16 x 11 7/16 in. (21.7 x 29.1 cm) (area within black border)
 Literature   
 Collections This Print
 National Diet Library Call Number 寄別7-8-2-5; National Library Board, Singapore BRN:9854371 (entire 1946 album, no images shown); British Library System number: 017018582 (entire 1946 album, no images shown)Harvard Yenching Library HOLLIS number 990082993710203941 (1925 album)

last revision:
12/22/2020
7/10/2020 created
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