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Appendix 5 (temples 13, 14 and 15) from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964)

Japanese Letterpress Print

Appendix 5 (temples 13, 14 and 15)

from the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces

by unknown, 1925

Illustrated Account of the Sino-Japanese War, Volume 7

IHL Cat. #2413.51
(from the complete 1925 album of prints IHL Cat. #2413)

IHL Cat. #2371

About This Print

The fifth of eleven appendices in the Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces portfolio, each providing information on three of the thirty-three temples that make up the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage. Each appendix sheet provides a sketch of each temple's honzon 本尊(enshrined principle image), its goeika 御詠歌 (a song/prayer recited by some pilgrims) and a haikai (comic linked verse) composed by the haiku poet Ishikura Suiyō 石倉翠葉 (1875-1938) who, along with the artist Akatsuka Chūichi 赤塚忠一 (1887-?), accompanied Nakazawa on his seventy-eight day pilgrimage to the thirty-three temples and surrounding sights beginning on December 11, 1923. The creator of the honzon sketches is unknown.

The three temples on this sheet (including their locales, using the old province names, and sangō 山号*) are:
Ōmi no kuni Sekkō-zan Ishiyama-dera 近江國 石光山 石山寺 (temple 13, 十三)

Ōmi no kuni Nagara-san Shōhō-ji Miidera 近江國 長等山 正法寺 三井寺 (temple 14, 十四)

Kyōto shi Ima kumano Kannon-ji 京都市 新熊野 観音寺 (temple 15, 十五)

* the name of a Buddhist temple's sacred mountain prefixed to the name of the temple. They are used both in the portfolio's table of contents and on each addendum sheet.

 Temple Name and Number Goeika  御詠歌
 Ishiyama-dera 石山寺, temple 13 Although my heart
Is little concerned
With the next life,
Kannon's vow is as heavy
As this Stone Mountain
後の世を 願うこころは かろくとも ほとけの誓い おもき石山
 Miidera 三井寺, temple 14 The moon,
Glittering between the waves
As the rippling sound
From the bell at Miidera
Shines over the lake
いで入るや 波間の月を 三井寺の 鐘のひびきに あくる湖
 Ima kumano Kannon-ji 新熊野 観音寺,     temple 15 I did not know
Imakumano had existed
Since ancient times-
Kannon's vow
Is ever renewed
昔より 立つとも知らぬ 今熊野 ほとけの誓い あらたなりけり
Note: All goeika English translations taken from A Pilgrimage in Japan: The 33 Temples of Kannon, Joan D. Stamm, Mantra Books, 2018. Goeika in Japanese taken from the website of the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage Association https://www.saikoku33.gr.jp/

Comparison of Appendices - The Original 1925 Release and the 1946 Second Edition

As shown below, the original 1925 release is printed in red ink on the same paper used for the prints themselves. The 1946 release is printed in black ink on a thin translucent sheet of paper.

A 1925 (left) and 1946 (right): Appendix 2 (temples 4, 5 and 6)

About the "Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces" 

First issued in 1925 and reprinted in 1946, the 1925 album contains 58 prints and the 1946 album 59 prints. For detailed discussion of the two editions and additional information on the Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage see this site's article Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces.

Nakazawa Hiromitsu - Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
click on the image to go to the article

The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei) 
Sources: website of cultural anthropologist Martin Gray http://www.taleofgenji.org/saigoku_pilgrimage.html and "Buddhist Pilgrim/Buddhist Exile: Old and New Images of Retired Emperor Kazan in the Saigoku Kannon Temple Guidebooks," Mark MacWilliams, appearing in History of Religions, May, 1995, Vol. 34, No. 4, The University of Chicago Press,  p. 303-328.

Japan's most famous pilgrimage, originating in the 11th century, encompasses 33 Buddhist temples in Western Japan (Kansai region) dedicated to Kannon (bodhisattva Avalokitasvara), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who hears the cries of the world and assists anyone in distress.

The 33 temples on the approximately 1,000 kilometer pilgrimage route correspond to Kannon's ability to take on 33 different forms. One hundred thousand pilgrims navigate the route in its entirety or part each year.

Note: For a listing of all 33 temples go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saigoku_Kannon_Pilgrimage. To access an interactive map of the route and its temples go to https://www.thetempleguy.org/p/saigoku-33-kannon-route.html and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2371, #2413.51
 Title or Description
Appendix 5 (temples 13, 14 and 15)
 附録 五
 Series  Picture Album of the Thirty-Three Pilgrimage Places of the Western Provinces
 西国三十三所巡礼画巻 Saigoku sanjūsansho junrei gakan
 Artist  unknown - sketches of honzon not credited.  Principle artist for portfolio is Nakazawa Hiromitsu (1874-1964). Haikai by Ishikura Suiyō 石倉翠葉 (1875-1938)
 Signature
 not signed
 Seal of the artist  not sealed
 Publication Date  September 28, 1925 大正十四年九月十八日発行 [publishing date as given on the colophon for the 1925 album]
 Publisher
文淵堂版 Bun'endō han

發行者 金尾種次郎 publisher Kanao Tanejirō
發兌元 金尾文淵堂 publishing house Kanao Bun'endō
 Carver  not applicable
 Printer  unknown
 Impression  IHL Cat. #2371: excellent
 IHL Cat. #2413.51: excellent
 Colors  IHL Cat. #2371: excellent
 IHL Cat. #2413.51: excellent
 Condition  IHL Cat. #2371:good - foxing and soiling; mark in upper right corner
 IHL Cat. #2413.51: fair - foxing and discoloration; paper loss upper right margin; deep folds upper right, upper left, lower left margins; paper loss lower right margin
 Genre  shin hanga; shasei kikō (sketch-tour)
 Miscellaneous
 Format  horizontal oban
 H x W Paper 
 10 1/8 x 15 1/4 in. (25.7 x 38.7 cm) 
 H x W Image
 8 9/16 x 11 1/2 in. (21.7 x 29.2 cm) (area with red border)
 Literature   
 Collections This Print
 National Diet Library Call Number 寄別7-8-2-5; National Library Board, Singapore BRN:9854371 (entire 1946 album, no images shown); British Library System number: 017018582 (entire 1946 album, no images shown); Harvard Yenching Library HOLLIS number 990082993710203941 (1925 album)

last revision:
12/20/2020
10/31/2020 created
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