The Actors Iwai Hanshirō VIII, Nakamura Sōjūrō, Ichikawa Danjūrō IX, Onoe Kikugorō V and Bandō Shiuka in the play Kumo ni magō Ueno no hatsuhana

Morikawa Chikashige (active 1869 - January 1882)

Japanese Color Woodblock Print 

The Actors Iwai Hanshirō VIII, Nakamura Sōjūrō, Ichikawa Danjūrō IX,  Onoe Kikugorō V and Bandō Shiuka in the play Kumo ni magō Ueno no hatsuhana

by Morikawa Chikashige, 1881

Morikawa Chikashige (active 1869 - January 1882)


IHL Cat. #1095

About This Print

From right to left, the actors Iwai Hanshirō VIII 岩井半四郎 in the role of the courtesan Michitose 女房おま; Nakamura Sōjūrō 中村宗十郎 in the role of Jōshūya Sadajirō 上州屋定次郎; Ichikawa Danjūrō IX 市川団十郎 in the role of the bogus priest Kōchiyama Sōshun 河内山宗俊; Onoe Kikugorō V 尾上菊五郎 as Kataoka Naojirō 片岡直次郎, nicknamed Naozamurai - the "Faithful Samurai"; and Bandō Shiuka 坂東志う調 as Masume Ofuji (reading unconfirmed) 娘おふぢ in the play Kumo ni magō Ueno no hatsuhana 天衣粉上野初花performed at the Shintomi-z新富 theater, Tokyo, on March 31, 1881 (Meiji 14). 

Chikashige has used the Toshidama seal, denoting members of the Utagawa School, as the pattern on the red backdrop of the center panel.

The Play Kumo ni magō Ueno no hatsuhana by Kawatake Mokuami


Summary
Source: website of the Japan Arts Council  http://www2.ntj.jac.go.jp/unesco/kabuki/en/5/5_04_10.html

"Kumo ni magō ueno no hatsuhana" is a Sewamono depicting the lives of 6 bad men including Kōchiyama Sōshun and Kataoka Naojirō. Kawatake Mokuami wrote this work while looking back with nostalgia on the Edo emotional mood which was being lost after the Meiji period started.

This play became popular from its premier performance in which Ichikawa Danjūrō 9th played Kōchiyama and Onoe Kikugorō 5th played Naojirō.

Details
Source: Kabuki Encyclopedia, An English-Language Adaption of Kabuki Jiten, Samuel L. Leiter, Greenwood Press, 1979, p. 210-211

Kumo Ni Magō Ueno no HatsuhanaKawatake Mokuami.  Also called Kochiyama to Naozamurai, Kochiyama Michitose to Naozamurai.  Seven acts, sixteen scenes.  March 1881.  Shintomi-za, Tokyo.

Kawatake Mokuami, dramatizer of the exploits of daring bandits (robber plays), based this work on a storyteller’s tale (kōdan) by Matsubayashi Hakuen, popularly known as Dorobo (“Thief”) Hakuen.  The title of the tale was Tenpō Rokkasen.  Since 1910 this play usually has been divided into two parts and played separately as Kochiyama and Naozamurai (a fuller title for the later is Yuki no Yube Iriya no Azemichi).

The play was first produced in 1874 at the Kawarazaki-za, but only a part of the full-length work was performed.  Its title was Kumo no Ueno Sane no Sakumae.  This play’s plot was incorporated in the Kochiyama section of the later full-length version.  In 1881 the Naozamurai section was added, and the play took the form that is now familiar.  Onoe Kikugorō V played Naojirō and Iwai Hanshirō was Michitose.  Others in the cast included Ichikawa Danjūrō IX, Ichikawa Sadanji, Nakamura Sōjūrō, and Ichikawa Sadanji V.

In order to rescue the daughter of a townsman from the clutches of an evil nobleman, Lord Matsue, Kochiyama boldly enters the lord’s castle disguised as a priestly messenger from a temple at Ueno.  Having arranged for the girl’s return to her father, he is on the point of leaving when Kitamura Daizen, a retainer of Matsue, recognizes him as Kochiyama the outlaw.  Kochiyama, however, switches from his priestly manner and hurls a speech of defiance at his accusers; he then exits with great composure.  All breathe a sigh of relief, as Kochiyama had threatened to reveal Daizen’s past to the police if anyone dared to arrest him.

In the second part, Naojirō (Naozamurai), pursued by the law, decides to flee Edo; caught in a snowstorm, he goes to an inn in Iriya to visit his love-sick mistress, the courtesan Michitose, before departing from the city.  His fellow gang member Ushimatsu, however, secretly reveals Naojirō’s whereabouts to the police, and the fugitive is soon surrounded.

The major part of the Kochiyama scene comes when Kochiyama delivers his famous diatribe using the colloquial Edo language of the time; Naozamurai is noted for its lovely kiyomoto musical accompaniment and a moving lamentation scene (kudoki) that is performed in dance-mime by Naozamurai and Michitose.

The Actors Pictured and Their Roles

For background on the actors see their respective entries in the article The Kabuki Actor on this site.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog #1095
 Title (Description) The actors Iwai Hanshirō VIII, Nakamura Sōjūrō, Ichikawa Danjūrō IX, Onoe Kikugorō V and Bandō Shiuka in the play Kumo ni magō Ueno no hatsuhana.
 Artist Morikawa Chikashige (active 1869 - January 1882)
 Signature Morikawa Chikashige hitsu 守川周重筆
 Seal Toshidama seal below signature
 Publication Date
抑届 明治十四年二月十日
February 10, 1881
 Publisher
出板蔵 (shuppan jin Hayashi Kichizō) seal of the publisher Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋蔵  [Marks: seal ref. 26-123; pub. ref. 556]
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition good - trimmed to image; 3 separate panels; rubbing; soiling, particularly in the right panel; minor ink offsetting; some remnants of previous backing paper
 Genre ukiyo-e; yakusha-e
 Miscellaneous 
 Format vertical oban triptych
 H x W Paper 
 13 5/8 x 9 1/4 in. (34.6 x 23.5 cm) each sheet
 Literature 
 
 Collections This Print
 Tokyo Metropolitan Library M348-26-2(1), (2), (3) 
Comments