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Kojima Shōgetsu (active 1870–1900)

Prints in Collection


Surrender of Goryōkaku (by
the Ezo rebels), 1877
IHL Cat. #481

Illustration of Emperor at National Diet Building, 1890
IHL Cat. #351

Illustration of the Emperor and Empress Arriving at the Third National Industrial Exhibition, 1890
IHL Cat. #79


Biographical Data

Biography

Kojima Shōgetsu 小島松月 (active 1870–1900)
Hayakawa Shōzan 早川松山 (1850-1892) [Hayakawa Shōgetsu 早川松月(1850-1892)]

It was originally unclear to me whether all the above three names were used by the same artist.  I now believe Hayakawa Shōgetsu and Hayakawa Shōzan are the same artist (Shōgetsu being an artist name of Shōzan), but that it is likely that Kojima Shōgetsu is a different artist, although there still seems to be confusion on the issue and the Waseda University Library database seems to indicate that the names were all used by a single artist.  I base my belief that Kojima and Hayakawa were two different artists on their reported given names being different - Katsumi being Kojima's given name and Tokunosuke being Hayakawa's given name.

Hayakawa Shōzan 早川松山 (1850-1892)
According to Genshoku ukiyo-e daihyakka jiten (1982), vol 2, the artist Hayakawa Shōzan was born in 1850 and died in 1892. His teacher was Kawanabe Kyōsai (1831-1889).  The Japanese Wikipedia entry for this artist gives his birth date as August 15, 1850 and his date of death as 1892. It gives his birth name as Hayakawa Tokunosuke 早川徳之助 [早川徳之介], which is seen on a number of prints carrying a signature reading 松月保誠, Shōgetsu Yasusei. Wikipedia relates that when he was a child, he lost his left eye. and that he began his woodblock design activities from around 1876 and in 1877 created prints of the Satsuma Rebellion. Finally, it attributes his death to drowning, while being intoxicated.

The Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints gives us the following information on the artist Hawakawa Shōzan (1850-1892). Tokyo print designer and book illustrator.  Student of Kawanabe Kyōsai.   Worked in the manner of his teacher, best remembered for his works depicting the Satsuma Rebellion and meisho views like Famous Views of Yokohama (Yokohama meisho, 1876).  Other gagō: Hōsei, Kisei, Shōgetsu, Seisai.1

Kojima Shōgetsu 小島松月 (active 1870–1900)
According to Woodblock Kuchi-e Prints: Reflections of Meiji Culture, Kojima Shōgetsu was born Kojima Katsumi and used the Tōshū 東洲.  He lived in the Asakusa area of Tokyo and painted genre scenes and sashi-e for several newspapers and magazines including Miyako no hana.  He designed kuchi-e, many prints of the Sino-Japanese War and on subjects related to the constitution and industrial exhibitions.2

A Dictionary of Japanese Artists contains the following information:  
Shōgetsu 勝月 
(fl. second half 19th c.).  N.: Kojima Katsumi. 
小島勝美
Gō: Shōgetsu 勝月, Tōshū 
 Biog.: Ukiyo-e printmaker.  His subject matter includes genre scenes and scenes from the 1894-95 war with China.
3


I have found prints attributed to the above names in the collections of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, Waseda University Library, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.  

The print Visit to the Ise Shrines by a Gathering of Military Officers and Commanding Generals in the collections of both the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Waseda University Library are credited respectively to Kojima Shōgetsu and to Hayakawa Shōgetsu.  

The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco lists an artist with the given name of Kojima Katsumi, and the artist names (gō) of Tōshū Shōgetsu and Hosei Shōgetsu, as the creator of a 1904 Russo-Japanese War triptych Our Troops Advance in the Vicinity of Orykko.  Hayakawa died in 1893, again, reinforcing my belief that Kojima Shōgetsu and Hayakawa Shōgetsu are two different artists.



1 The Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock PrintsAmy Reigle Newland, Hotei Publishing Company, 2005, p. 457.
2 Woodblock Kuchi-e Prints: Reflections of Meiji Culture, Helen Merritt and Nanako Yamada, University of Hawaii Press, 2000, p. 205.
3 A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 150.

Artist Signatures Attributed to Hayakawa Shōgetsu and Hayakawa Sh
ō
zan

 
松月保誠
Shōgetsu Yasusei
signature from Aug. 1877 print attributed to
Hayakawa Shōzan
早川松山(松月)画
 
松月保誠
Shōgetsu Yasusei
Signature from
1877 print
IHL Cat. #481
 
松月
Shōgetsu
from 1877


松月保誠 畫
[画工 早川徳之助]
Shōgetsu Yasusei ga

松月保誠 Shōgetsu Yasusei


 
早川松山 / 早川松山



早川松山
[
画工 早川徳之介]
1877

早川松山 
[画工 早川徳之助]
1877
 
早川松山 / 早川松山
画工 早川徳之助
1877

 
帰誠松山
[画工 早川徳之助]
1877


 
早川松山
[画工 早川徳之助]

 
早川松山 
[画工 早川徳之助]
1877

Artist Seals Attributed to Kojima Shōgetsu 

 
東川松月
T
ōshu Shogetsu
from 1889
 
東川松月 / 
Toshu Shōgetsu with Toshu seal
from 1889

東川松月
Tōshū Shogetsu
from 1890
IHL Cat. #79



川松月
Toshu Shōgetsu from 1890
IHL Cat. #351
  
川松月
Toshu Shōgetsu
from 1891



東川松月
Tōshū
Shōgetsu





松山
Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints, p.547.

勝月
Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints, p.547.
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