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Kojima Shōgetsu (active 1870–1900)

Prints in Collection


Surrender of Goryōkaku (by
the Ezo rebels), 1877
IHL Cat. #481

Illustration of Emperor at National Diet Building, 1890
IHL Cat. #351

Illustration of the Emperor and Empress Arriving at the Third National Industrial Exhibition, 1890
IHL Cat. #79


Biographical Data

Biography

Kojima Shōgetsu 小島  松月 (active 1870–1900)
Hayakawa Shōgetsu 早川 松月(? - ?)
Hayakawa Shōzan 早川 松山 (1850-1892)

It is unclear whether the above three names were all used by the same artist.  The Waseda University Library database seems to indicate that the names were all used by a single artist but other information suggests that the artist Hayakawa Shōzan was not the same artist using the name Shōgetsu. 

Here is what I have found in the literature:
According to Genshoku ukiyo-e daihyakka jiten (1982), vol 2, the artist Hayakawa Shōzan was born in 1850 and died in 1892. His teacher was Kawanabe Kyōsai (1831-1889)

According to Woodblock Kuchi-e Prints: Reflections of Meiji Culture, Kojima Shōgetsu was born Kojima Katsumi and used the Tōshū 東洲.  He lived in the Asakusa area of Tokyo and painted genre scenes and sashi-e for several newspapers and magazines including Miyako no hana.  He designed kuchi-e, many prints of the Sino-Japanese War and on subjects related to the constitution and industrial exhibitions.1

A Dictionary of Japanese Artists contains the following information:2 
Shōgetsu1 (fl. second half 19th c.).  N.: Kojima Katsumi.2
: Shōgetsu,3 Tōshū.4 Biog.: Ukiyo-e printmaker.  His subject matter includes genre scenes and scenes from the 1894-95 war with China. Coll.: Honolulu, Museum (3), Victoria.
Bib.: Nonogami.


The Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints gives us the following information on the artist Hawakawa Shōzan3:
Hawakawa Shōzan (1850-1892) Tokyo print designer and book illustrator.  Student of Kawanabe Kyōsai.   Worked in the manner of his teacher, best remembered for his works depicting the Satsuma Rebellion and meisho views like Famous Views of Yokohama (Yokohama meisho, 1876).  Other gagō: Hōsei, Kisei, Shōgetsu, Seisai.

I have found prints attributed to the above names in the collections of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, Waseda University Library, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. 

The print Visit to the Ise Shrines by a Gathering of Military Officers and Commanding Generals in the collections of both the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Waseda University Library are credited respectively to Kojima Shōgetsu and to Hayakawa Shōgetsu. 

The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco list an artist with the given name of Kojima Katsumi, and the artist names (gō) of Toshu Shōgetsu and Hosei Shōgetsu, as the creator of a 1904 Russo-Japanese War triptych Our Troops Advance in the Vicinity of Orykko.

To further complicate the identity issue the Waseda University Library database lists an artist known as Hayakawa Shōzan (Shōgetsu) 早川松山(松月) working at the same time as the artist Kojima Shōgetsu and creating prints of the Satsuma Rebellion such as in the print IHL Cat. #481.


1 Woodblock Kuchi-e Prints: Reflections of Meiji Culture, Helen Merritt and Nanako Yamada, University of Hawaii Press, 2000, p. 205.
2 A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 150.
3 The Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints, Amy Reigle Newland, Hotei Publishing Company, 2005, p. 457.

Artist Signatures Attributed to
Shōgetsu and Shozan

 
signature from Aug. 1877 print attributed to
Hayakawa Shozan (Sh
ôgetsu) 
早川松山(松月)画
by Waseda University Library
Request Number:
chi5 4187
 
Signature from
1877 print
IHL Cat. #481
 
Shôgetsu Hosei
from 1877
 
Tôshû Shôgetsu
from 1889
 
Tôshû Shôgetsu
from 1889
  
Tôshû Shôgetsu from 1890
IHL Cat. #79


Tôshû Shôgetsu from 1890
IHL Cat. #351

 
Tôshû Shôgetsu from 1891



Tôshû Shôgetsu




Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints, p.547.


Hotei Encyclopedia of Japanese Woodblock Prints,
p.547.