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These are the Pescadores (Penghu)! from the series Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs

 

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

These are the Pescadores (Penghu)!

from the series Long Live Japan:

One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs

by Kobayashi Kiyochika, 1895


IHL Cat. #228

About This Print

This print is one of fifty prints from the first part of the three part series One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs. (Hyakusen hyakushô) created by the artist Kobayashi Kiyochika (1847-1915), the writer Nishimori Takeki (1861-1923), alias Koppi Dōjin, and the publisher Matsuki Heikichi (1870-1931).

About The Series One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs

This series One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs was issued in three parts and presented parodies of the enemy, the Chinese in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 and ten years later the Russians in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. The first part of the series titled Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs, consisting of fifty prints, was issued between September 1894 and August 1895.  The second part of the series titled Magic Lantern Society: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs, consisting of twelve prints, was issued between November 1895 and December 1896.  Both of these parts parodied (often in a racist manner) the Chinese people, leadership and war effort. The third and last part of the series, consisting of eight-six prints, used the same title as the first part Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs.  Issued between April 1904 and April 1905, the prints parodied the Russian war effort. For more information about the series see the article One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs on this site.

The Pescadores

The Pescadores (Hokoto, Peng-hu 澎湖) are a group of twelve islands with an area of 50 square miles.  They were ceded, along with Taiwan, to Japan by China as part of the 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki that ended the Sino-Japanese War

While an armistice was called in northern China during the treaty negotiations, Taiwan and the Pescadores were specifically excluded from the scope of the armistice, allowing the Japanese to mount a military operation against them without imperiling the negotiations. The Pescadores, lying halfway between mainland China and Taiwan, were the key to the capture of Taiwan. Their occupation by the Japanese would prevent further Chinese reinforcements from being sent across the Taiwan Strait to Taiwan.

Although the Pescadores were garrisoned by 15 Chinese regular battalions (5,000 men) and defended by the recently-completed Hsi-tai coastal defense battery (built in the late 1880s in response to the capture of Pescadores by the French during the Sino-French War), the Japanese met very little resistance during the landing operation as the defenders were demoralized. It took the Japanese only three days to secure the islands.


Inscription on Print - Transcribed Japanese

Source: University of Vienna website http://kenkyuu.jpn.univie.ac.at/karikaturen/detail.asp?docid=937&lang=e&first=1
Nihon wa sekai bankoku ni raimei o todorokashite iru kuni da. / Ore ga kore made Kita no hō bakari de natteiru mono/dakara, Minami no yatsura wa nonki de iru ga Inazuma ya / kinō wa higashi kyō wa nishi, Ore no ki no mukishidai doko e ton/de yuku ka shirenai zo. Yoshi yoshi kondo wa hitotsu hōgaku o / kaete minami no hō e undō ni ittemiyō. Iya / namaiki ni kumoyuki o miteiru na…Nanda mō nige/dasu shitaku o shiteiru wa… Nan da to Gunshi ayauki / ni chikayorazu…ahahahaha kisama-tachi wa fudan ni kyūkin no atama o hararete sae naiteiru kurai dakara, ore ga / hontō no atamagonashi ni zudōn to natte, nihontō no / inazuma o pikapikā to sasetara, teppōdama yori ka medama / to kimottama ga tonde shimau darō. Dore den wa isoge da hitoodorokashi odorokashite yarō to iu node dashinuke ni zudō/n zudōn to taihō na oto ga hajimatta kara, sa naki dani biku/biku to shiteita Chanchan-bōzu me wa, a tto bakari ni kimo o tsubushite, sora koso go-raijin taihen na hōkotō / ga hajimatta to, minna chirijiri barabara / hata o sutete nigeta
 

Print Details
 IHL Catalog
 #228
 Title or Description  These are the Pescadores (Penghu)! (Kore wa Hōkotō)
 Series  Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs. (Nihon banzai: Hyakusen hyakushô 本萬歳 百撰百笑)
 Artist  Kobayashi Kiyochika (1847-1915)
 Signature  Kiyochika
 Seal  Kiyo
 Publication Date  1895 (Meiji 28)
 Publisher  Matsuki Heikichi (松木平吉) proprietor of Daikokuya
 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition good - light soiling throughout; margins trimmed; backed
 Genre  ukiyo-e - senso-e (Sino-Japanese War); Meiji era
 Miscellaneous  
 Format  vertical oban
 H x W Paper
 13 7/8 x 9 1/8 in. (35.2 x 23.2 cm)
 H x W Image
 13 7/8 x 9 1/8 in. (35.2 x 23.2 cm)
 Literature
 
 Collections This PrintÖstasiatiska musee OM-2010-0005

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