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A moaning monologue in the Chinese kyōgen from the series Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs

 

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

A Moaning Monologue in the Chinese Kyōgen

from the series Long Live Japan:

One Hundred Victories,

by Kobayashi Kiyochika, 1895

Mice in a Trap from the series Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs

IHL Cat. #331

About This Print

This print is one of fifty prints from the first part of the three part series One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs. (Hyakusen hyakushô) created by the artist Kobayashi Kiyochika (1847-1915), the writer Nishimori Takeki (1861-1923), alias Koppi Dōjin, and the publisher Matsuki Heikichi (1870-1931).

In March 1895 when this print was published, negotiations were underway for a cease fire and in a month the Treaty of Shimonoseki ending the war would be signed.  The "moaning monologue" being delivered by a "bad actor" relates to the defeat of Li Hongzhang, the Chinese forces Supreme Commander.  The Westerner opening the curtain relates to the intervention of the Western countries who wanted an end to the fighting and to promote their own interests on the Liaodong Peninsula.

About The Series One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs

This series One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs was issued in three parts and presented parodies of the enemy, the Chinese in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 and ten years later the Russians in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. The first part of the series titled Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs, consisting of fifty prints, was issued between September 1894 and August 1895.  The second part of the series titled Magic Lantern Society: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs, consisting of twelve prints, was issued between November 1895 and December 1896.  Both of these parts parodied (often in a racist manner) the Chinese people, leadership and war effort. The third and last part of the series, consisting of eight-six prints, used the same title as the first part Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs.  Issued between April 1904 and April 1905, the prints parodied the Russian war effort. For more information about the series see the article One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs on this site.

Japanese Inscription  

Source: University of Vienna website http://kenkyuu.jpn.univie.ac.at/karikaturen/detail.asp?docid=1101&lang=e&first=1
inscription Shin kyōgen no kōjō Koppi Dōjin
Tōzai tozai tōzaī. Kōjō „Ichiza takō wa gozarima/suredo, fumenboku naru kōjō na motte mōshiāge tatematsuri/masu. Shitagaimashite kono moto go-shōran ni iremasuru/ Shin kyōgen nadai “Tozai tōzaī.” Kōjō “Make-ikusa haji/ no uwanurī, Make-ikusa haji no uwanuri ni gozarimasu./ Wakete mōshiagemasuru wa, aitsutomemasuru yakunin no gi,/ ōbora o fuki uso o tsuku koto dake wa jukuren ni/ gozarimasuredo, sono hoka no koto wa nani hitotsu to shite torie no/ gei wa gozarimasenu, shikanominarazu go-tōkoku e wa/ hajimete no omemie to ii, koto ni wa mesaki no mie/nu mekura mo dōzen ni gozarimashite, suru koto na/su koto subete tonchinkan, totemo sarushibai no go-jō/shi hodo no waza mo dekimasenu keredo mo, tada tada tsura no/ kawa atsuku ikutabi haji o kakimashite mo, nonko no shā/tsuku de denaosu tokoro dake ga o-keibutsu ni gazarimasureba,/ yarisokonai no setsu wa ikue in mo go-yōsha naku, yā/i, Chanchan-bōzu me zamā miro to on-warai kudasaruru/ yō hitoe ni negaiage tatematsurimasu. Sono tame no kōjō/ sayō Kenbutsunin “Iyo Kōshō gokudō.”

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #331
 Title or Description  A moaning monologue in the Chinese kyōgen (Shin kyōgen no kōjō)
 Series  Long Live Japan: One Hundred Victories, One Hundred Laughs
 (Nihon bansai: Hyakusen hyakushô 本萬歳 百撰百笑 )
 Artist  Kobayashi Kiyochika (1847-1915)
 Signature  Kiyochika
 Seal  Kobayashi
 Publication Date  March 1895 (Meiji 28)
 Publisher  Matsuki Heikichi (松木平吉) proprietor of Daikokuya
 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition fair - multiple worm holes (some repaired); right margin trimmed about 1/4" 
 Genre  ukiyo-e - senso-e (Sino-Japanese War); Meiji era
 Miscellaneous  
 Format  vertical oban
 H x W Paper
 13 7/8 x 9 1/4 in. (35.2 x 23.5 cm)
 H x W Image
 13 7/8 x 9 in. (35.2 x 22.9 cm)
 Literature
 
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