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Hiyoshi Mamoru (1885-?)

Biographical Data


Hiyoshi Momaru1 日吉守 [ひよしまもる] (1885-?) 
Source: Guide to Modern Japanese Woodblock Prints: 1900-1975, Helen Merritt, University of Hawaii Press, 1992, p. 37 and 3 “Artistic Trends in Korean Painting,” Youngna Kim appearing in War, Occupation, and Creativity: Japan and East Asia, 1920-1960, edited by Marlene J. Mayo, J. Thomas Rimer, H. Eleanor Kerkham, University of Hawai'i Press, 2001, p. 124.

A Western-style painter who studied with Okada Saburosuke (1869-1939). Immediately after graduating from the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in 1909, he took up teaching duties in colonial Korea, one of a number of Japanese artists who taught in colonial Korea. He served at the Kyongsong (Gyeongseong) Middle School (a school for Japanese students that later became the Seoul Middle and High School) and stayed in Korea until 1945. In 1941 he co-founded the Kyungsung Artists' Association, "organized for the collective pro-active Japanese activities of the artists under the exhibition system."2 His brief memoir of his life in Korea gives us some information as to who came and what they did during the colonial period.3

In the early 1950s he began designing woodblock prints for the publisher Kyoto Hangain. Most of these works, such as the two prints in this collection, consist of scenes of Korean customs and scenic places. Typically, they are signed M. Hiyoshi with a stylized seal of Mamoru [], as shown below.

Mamoru seal of the artist

1 Artist's name in Korean 히요시 마모루
3 Hiyoshi Mamoru, “Chosen bijutsukai no kaiko” (Recollections of the Art World in Korea)