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View of Tsu Park, print 11 from the set Famous Places in Ise

 

 Japanese Color Lithograph Print

View of Tsu Park, print 11

from the set Famous Places in Ise

by Hirose Harutaka, February 1897

Portrait of Saigō Takamori

IHL Cat. #2350

About This Print

This color lithograph of Tsu Park, now known as Tsu Kairaku Park, situated near the train station in Tsu City (Tsu-shi), the current capital of Mie Prefecture, about 45km north of Ise Jingū, is the eleventh print in a set of twelve prints of famous views/places in Ise, an old province in Japan that corresponds to most of modern Mie Prefecture, including Ise City and Ise Shrine. In the foreground of this print, an older woman calls out to a younger woman while pointing off to her left, perhaps saying they should spend a little more time enjoying themselves at the park, on a beautiful spring day with cherry trees in bloom. Ise Bay is seen off in the distance and Tsu was a flourishing port-town on the Bay.

Tsu Kairaku Park Today
 Once the villa residence of 11th lord of Tsu, Tōdō Takatora,
in the Meiji era, it was renovated as a Japanese style garden

Inset
Source: website of Tsu City https://www.info.city.tsu.mie.jp/www/contents/1001000005872/index.html
The print's inset in the upper right is in the shape of an eagle. A white banner flies with the characters 高山神社, Kōzan Shrine. Located in Tsu-shi, the shrine is devoted to Tōdō Takatora 藤堂高虎 (1556-1630) who was the daimyō of the Tsu area. He was a highly trusted commander under Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu, as well as an architect of numerous Japanese castles, including Tsu Castle. His family crest (mon) is used for the red and white title cartouche in the upper left of this print. Under Tōdō Takatora, Tsu became an important post station along the Ise-Kaidō, the main pilgrimage route to Ise Jinjū. 
 
Entrance to Kōzan Shrine 高山神社 today
click on image to enlarge
 
Detail of inset in shape of an eagle picturing the entrance to
Kōzan Shrine 高山神社
click on image to enlarge

About The Set "Famous Places in Ise - Souvenir Pictures of Famous Places in Ise"
The publisher, Furushima Takejirō, published twelve prints in February 1897 with the main title "Famous Place of Ise" and the subtitle "Souvenir Pictures of Famous Places in Ise." The entire set of twelve prints was enclosed in a decorative envelope (see below) picturing Ise Jingū's cedar trees and Naikū Shrine, bathed in the glow of the rising sun. This set of prints carries a release date of February 10, 1897.  Fifteen days later, on February 25, 1897, prints one through eight only were enclosed in a different decorative envelope (see below) picturing Meoto Iwa (Married-Couple Rocks) at Futamigaura at sunrise along with pilgrims entering the Ise Shrine and released for sale. Both sets were sold to pilgrims in Tsu City and Yamada Town, stop-overs for pilgrims on their way to Ise Jingū.

These prints showed off the latest in color lithography techniques, with many of the prints achieving effects such as bokashi, a gradual gradation of colored ink typically used in woodblock printing. 

Map of Sangū Rail Line
click on image to enlarge
It has been suggested that this set of prints was issued to promote the upcoming completion of the Sangū tetsudō 参宮鉄道 rail line (Shrine-bound railway) which began operation in 1893, but would only reach Ise Shrine proper (Yamada Station) in November 1897. (Prior to its November completion the rail line ended in Miyagawa, about 8 km from Ise Jingū.) To support this theory, it is pointed out that two of the prints (prints numbered 11 and 12) depict scenes in Tsu City, the starting point for the Sangū, and one print (number 8) depicts Yamada, whose rail station, Yamada Station, the final stop on the Sangū, was to open in November.1

On the back of the envelope containing the twelve print set (see image below), are the names of the sales office, Furujima Branch Office in Yamada-Onoechō, Ise Province (a branch of the publisher Takejirō Furujima, who was famous in Osaka at the time), and the distributors Sankyō Limited Liability Company in Yamada-Okamotochō, Ise Province; Hashizume Gohei in Yamada-Uraguchichō, Ise Province; and Ōtake Takesaburō in Tsu-Nishichō, Ise Province.

Envelope containing the twelve print set

1 Summarized and translated from the website of Mie Prefectural Museum https://www.bunka.pref.mie.lg.jp/MieMu/82889046576.htm

The Set
 
Souvenir from Ise Shrine
伊勢みやげ
Envelope for the 8 print set
(consisting of the prints numbered 1 through 8)
 
Souvenir from Ise Shrine
伊勢みやげ
Envelope for the 12 print set


 Print Number  Title  Inset Title
 1 (壱)  The Sanctuary Aramatsuri-no-miya of Naiku Ise Shrine
 天照皇太神宮 内宮
 not applicable
 2 (二)  Toyouke Daijingū Shrine
 豊受太神宮 外宮
 not applicable
 3 (三)  Illustration of Daidai-kagura
 大々神楽之図 
 Illustration of Kagura Hall
 御神楽殿之図
 4 (四)  View of Uji Bridge
 宇治橋之景
 Naiku or Main Sanctuary of Ise
 内宮神苑正面
 5 (五)  View of Magatama Pond
 
曲玉池之景
 View of the Main Shrine Garden of   Gekū
 外宮神苑正面景
 6 (六)  View of Futamigaura
 二見浦之景
 View of Hinjitsukan
 賓日館及海水景
 7 (七)  Illustration of Furuichi Dance
 古市踊之図
 not applicable
 8 (八)  Distant View of Yamada Town from Miyagawa Bridge
 宮川橋より山田町を望む
 not applicable
 9 (九)  View of Toyomiyazaki Library
 豊宮崎文庫之景
 Agricultural Building
 農業舘
 10 (十)  View of Tsukiyomi-no-miya
 月夜見宮之景
 View of Asama dake in Snow
 朝熊岳雪景
 11 (十一)  View of Tsu Park [renamed Kairaku Park]
 津公園之景
 Kōzan Shrine
 高山神社
 12 (十)  View of Akogi Heiji Monument
 阿漕平治塚之景 
 View of Karasu Imperial Shinto Shrine
 御香良州神社景


Print Details

 IHL Catalog  #2350
 Title (Description)  View of  View of Tsu Park, [print] 11   
 津公園之景 [as shown in red and white title cartouche upper left-hand corner]
 十一 [as printed in right margin]

 Inset: Kōzan Shrine 高山神社
 Series  Famous Places in Ise - Souvenir Pictures of Famous Places in Ise
 伊勢名所 [as shown across top of print]
 伊勢土産名所図画 [as printed in upper right margin]
 Artist  Hirose Harutaka (1870-?)
 Signature
應需 春孝  ōju Harutaka 
 Seal  春孝 Harutaka (as shown above)
 Publication Date
printed: February 1, 1897 明治三十年二月一日印刷  
issued: February 10, 1897 仝二月十日発行
 Publisher
Furushima Takejirō 古島竹次郎 [古島竹治郎]

印刷兼發行者 [printer and publisher]
大阪...[Osaka - address of publisher]
古島竹郎 [Furushima Takejirō]

Source: website of Stategic Management Laboratory Inc. https://sml.co.jp/documents/toppan-ichida.html?page=5
Furushima created both lithographs and woodblock prints and was a member of the Copperplate and Lithography Association of the Osaka Chamber of Commerce which had 27 companies listed as members in 1894.

 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition  excellent
 Genre  meisho-e
 Miscellaneous  color lithograph 色石版画; all rights reserved 版權所有 printed in upper right margin
 Format  chuban
 H x W Paper 
 7 3/8 x 10 1/16 in. (18.7 x 25.6 cm)
 H x W Image  5 7/8 x 8 13/16 (14.9 x 22.4 cm)
 (note: dimensions include image areas that protrude beyond black border)
 Literature 
 
 Collections This Print  Mie Prefectural Library [entire 12 print set] https://www.bunka.pref.mie.lg.jp/viewer/history/00011/book_swf.htm 
last revision:
8/18/2020 created
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