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View of Futamigaura, print 6 from the set Famous Places in Ise

 

 Japanese Color Lithograph Print

View of Futamigaura, print 6

from the set Famous Places in Ise

by Hirose Harutaka, February 1897

Portrait of Saigō Takamori

IHL Cat. #2259

About This Print

Print six 六 in a set of twelve color lithographs of famous views/places in Ise, an old province in Japan that corresponds to most of modern Mie Prefecture, including Ise City. The print depicts pilgrims and visitors viewing the sunrise between the Wedded Rocks (meoto iwa), a natural torii, offshore of Futamigaura.  Mt. Fuji is visible in the distance. The buildings on the right are Futami Okitama Shrine, dedicated to the deities Sarutahiko Ōkami and Ukanomitama. Pilgrims often visit this shrine and purify themselves before proceeding to Ise Shrine.

The inset in the upper right of the print is a night time scene of the famous Hinjitsukan, built as a luxury inn which hosted Emperor Meiji's mother-in-law in March 1887, followed by other royals and the well-healed.

Futamigaura and Futami Okitama Shrine

Just offshore of Futamigaura lie a pair of rocks tied together with a straw rope known as the Wedded Rocks and similar names. The rocks are associated with the deities Izanagi and Izanami, the male and female mythical creators of Japan and the parents of Amaterasu Omikami, the sun goddess. The two rocks form a natural torii for viewing the sunrise. The straw rope is ceremoniously replaced each year.

"[W]orship at these rocks is a rather late development. It is believed that they were not symbolic until sometime in the middle ages when the popular worship of Ise was developing."1

Futami Okitama Shrine is dedicated to the deities Sarutahiko and Ukanomitma.

"In Japan's origin story, Sarutahiko guided Ninigi-no-Mikoto, grandson of the sun goddess Amaterasu, to Earth, where he became grandfather of the nation's first emperor, Jimmu. Ukanomitama, on the other hand, is typically depicted as a goddess associated with food and agriculture.

The shrine is a popular tourist attraction with its numerous frog statues pulling in the crowds with their cuteness. The frogs are a kind of charm for bringing people or things back safely, since in Japanese the term for frog is kaeru, which also means "to return." The shrine is also popular with couples, who visit to pray for luck in love from nearby Meoto Iwa."2

Married Rocks and Okitama Shrine

1 "Shinto Symbols" appearing in Contemporary Religions in Japan, Vol. 7, No. 1, Nanzan University, March 1966, p. 24.
2 website of All About Japan https://allabout-japan.com/en/article/3078/

Hinjitsukan and Shin'enkai

 
 

In this evening scene of Hinjitsukan, two signboards are shown on either side of the entrance to Hijitsukan reading 神苑会 Shin’enkai to the left and 賓日館 Hinjitsukan on the right. Shin'enkai (Sacred Garden Society) was founded in 1886 by Ōta Kosaburō (1845-1916), a tea house owner and founder of the Sangū Railway Company, to improve the area around Ise Shrine.1

Built in 1887, "the construction of Hinjitsukan took only three months to complete, and its first guests were the members of the Imperial family. The building is primarily made of wood and underwent several major renovations over the decades. Many of the rooms in Hinjitsukan display ornate decorations and feature classical designs from the then leading architects, befitting its status as a guesthouse for royalty and important people. Renowned gardeners were also contracted to create the meticulously landscaped garden with gravel paths that surrounds the building."2

Today Hinjitsukan is an Important Cultural Property serving as a museum.

2 website of japan-guide.com https://www.japan-guide.com/e/e4312.html

About The Set "Famous Places in Ise - Souvenir Pictures of Famous Places in Ise"

The publisher, Furushima Takejirō, published twelve prints in February 1897 with the main title "Famous Place of Ise" and the subtitle "Souvenir Pictures of Famous Places in Ise." The first eight prints were sold as a set, packaged in an envelope with a view of Meoto Iwa (Married-Couple Rocks) at Futamigaura at sunrise along with pilgrims entering the Ise Shrine. Four additional prints were then added to the first eight prints to make a twelve print set that was packaged in an envelope with a view of the famous cedar trees of Ise Shrine and a rising sun with Gekū Shrine in the background. The envelope designs were also created by Harutaka.

It has been suggested that this set of prints, issued in 1897, was to promote the upcoming completion of the Sangū tetsudō 参宮鉄道 rail line ([Ise] Shrine-bound railway) which began operation in 1893 but would only reach Ise proper in November 1897. To support this theory, it is pointed out that two of the prints in the twelve print set depict scenes at the starting and ending points of the rail line as it existed in early 1897.1
1 Summarized and translated from the website of Mie Prefectural Museum https://www.bunka.pref.mie.lg.jp/MieMu/82889046576.htm

 
Souvenir from Ise Shrine
伊勢みやげ
Envelope for the 8 print set
 
Souvenir from Ise Shrine
伊勢みやげ
Envelope for the 12 print set




 Print Number Title Inset Title
 1 (壱) The Sanctuary Aramatsuri-no-miya of Naiku Ise Shrine
 天照皇太神宮 内宮
 not applicable
 2 (二) Toyouke Daijingū Shrine
 豊受太神宮 外宮
 not applicable
 3 (三) Illustration of Daidai-kagura
 大々神楽之図 
 Illustration of Kagura Hall
 御神楽殿之図
 4 (四) View of Uji Bridge
 宇治橋之景
 Naiku or Main Sanctuary of Ise
 内宮神苑正面
 5 (五) View of Magatama Pond
 
曲玉池之景
 View of the Main Shrine Garden of   Gekū
 外宮神苑正面景
 6 (六) View of Futamigaura
 二見浦之景
 View of Hinjitsukan
 賓日館及海水景
 7 (七) Illustration of Furuichi Dance
 古市踊之図
 not applicable
 8 (八) Distant View of Yamada Town from Miyagawa Bridge
 宮川橋より山田町を望む
 not applicable
 9 (九) View of Toyomiyazaki Library*
 豊宮崎文庫之景
 Agricultural Hall
 農業舘
 10 (十) View of Tsukiyomi no miya
 月夜見宮之景
 View of Asama dake in Snow
 朝熊岳雪景
 11 (十一) View of Tsu Park [renamed Kairaku Park]
 津公園之景
 Kōzan Shrine
 高山神社
 12 (十) View of Akogi Heiji Monument**
 阿漕平治塚之景 
 View of Karasu Imperial Shinto Shrine
 御香良州神社景
* In 1648 a group of Shinto priests founded a library at the Outer Shrine of Ise. Their aims were to make important books accessible to the Outer Shrine priesthood and to spread correct knowledge among the general public through open lectures. In the same year, a list of regulations was drawn up that was to govern the running of this library, which was called Toyomiyazaki Bunko. [The Culture of Secrecy in Japanese Religion, Bernhard Scheid, Mark Teeuwen, Routledge, 2006.]
** "This is a monument to the legendary young man, Heiji. It is said that this mount was constructed to placate his spirit, which was executed for poaching fish for his sick mother at Akogiura. During the Edo period, this was widely known a landmark along the Sangu Highway."  [transcribed from a photo of the signboard at the monument] The monument and Karasu Shrine are located in Tsu City.


Print Details

 IHL Catalog #2258
 Title (Description) View of Futamigaura
 二見浦之景 [as shown in multicolor title cartouche upper left corner of print]

 inset: View of Hinjitsukan
 賓日館及海水景 [as printed in the yellow cartouche to the left of the inset in the upper right of the print]
 Series Famous Places in Ise - Souvenir Pictures of Famous Places in Ise
 伊勢名所 [as shown across top of print]
 伊勢土産名所図画 [as printed in upper right margin]
 Artist Hirose Harutaka (1870-?)
 Signature
春孝 Harutaka 
 Seal 春孝 Harutaka (as shown above)
 Publication Date
printed: February 1, 1897 明治三十年二月一日印刷  
issued: February 24, 1897 仝二月廿五日発行
 Publisher
Furushima Takejirō 
古島竹次郎

印刷兼發行 [printer and publisher]
大阪...[Osaka - address of publisher]
古島竹治郎 [Furushima Takejirō]

Source: website of Stategic Management Laboratory Inc. https://sml.co.jp/documents/toppan-ichida.html?page=5
Furushima created both lithographs and woodblock prints and was a member of the Copperplate and Lithography Association of the Osaka Chamber of Commerce which had 27 companies listed as members in 1894.

 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition excellent
 Genre meisho-e
 Miscellaneous color lithograph 色石版画; all rights reserved 版權所有 printed in upper right margin
 Format chuban
 H x W Paper 
 7 3/8 x 10 1/16 in. (18.7 x 25.6 cm)
 H x W Image 5 3/4 x 8 5/8 (14.6 x 21.9 cm)
 Literature 
 
 Collections This PrintARC Ukiyo-e Portal Database (National Museum of Japanese History) H-22-1-30-10-8; National Museum of Japanese History https://khirin-a.rekihaku.ac.jp/nmjh_nishikie/h-22-1-30-10-8
last revision:
7/19/2020 created
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