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Taiwan War: Illustration of the Battle of Baguashan

 

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Taiwan War: Illustration of the Battle of Baguashan

by Yōshū Chikanobu, 1896

A Lady in Waiting Hands The Noh Mask to an Actor from the series Chiyoda Inner Palace
IHL Cat. #1802

About This Print

A fabricated scene by the artist from the Battle of Baguashan, in the approximately seven month Taiwan War between Japan and Taiwanese resistance forces, that began after Japan determined that military force would be required to crush the resistance to their occupation of the island awarded to them under the Treaty of Shimonoseki ending the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895).

Battle of Baguashan
Also referred to as the Battle of Changhua, this battle fought in late August 1895 was the most significant resistance against the Japanese takeover of Taiwan in 1895.

"After landing in Taiwan and encountering much local resistance, the Japanese army reached the northern banks of the Dadu River (大肚溪), on what is today’s border between Taichung and Changhua County, on Aug. 25, 1895. They did not cross the river immediately, as the enemy had regrouped on the south banks in the city of Changhua and on the nearby battery on Baguashan (八卦山). After a few days of scouting and minor skirmishes, the Japanese army of about 15,000 men split into two wings, with the left wing crossing the river in the dark on Aug. 27. They attacked the battery in the morning, and thus began the Battle of Baguashan (八卦山之役), the largest clash between the two sides."

By the third week in October the resistance had been crushed and for the next fifty years Taiwan would be occupied by the Japanese.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #1802
 Title or Description Taiwan War: Illustration of the Battle of Baguashan 
 臺灣戰争 八卦山激戰占領圖
 Series
 Artist Yōshū Chikanobu (1838-1912)
 Signature
楊洲周延 
Yōshū Chikanobu
 Seal
These two square seals in the lower left of the left panel read:
Kumiai seigen 組合正言.  Kumiai can be translated as "guild" and seigen can be translated as "censor" (using the Chinese meaning for the word.)  So, we may have some type of publisher's guild approval or censor seal.  This combination of seals can be found on a number of prints in this collection including those in the series Annual Events in the Edo Theater and The Kabuki Eighteen, both published by Hasegawa Sumi.  
 Publication Date
March 13, 1896
明治廿九年三月十日 
日印刷仝年仝月十三日発行
 Publisher
臨写印刷兼発行者 日本橋区室町三丁目十番地 小森宗次郎 

Komori Sōjirō 小森宗次郎 (also Kiya Sōjirō 木屋宗次郎) [Marks: similar to seal ref. 26-146; pub. ref. 252]
 Carver 彫徳 Horitoku
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition fair – three sheets joined together; paper wrinkling throughout; minor paper loss bottom margin of left sheet
 Genre nishiki-e; senso-e
 Miscellaneous  
 Format vertical oban triptych
 H x W Paper 
 14 3/4 x 9 3/4 in. (37.5 x 24.8 cm) each sheet
 Literature 
 
 Collections This Print
 
last revision:
2/17/2020
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