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Illustration of Garden Cockfight

Tea Ceremony and Flower Arranging in Turn, No. 20 from the series Chiyoda Inner Palace
 

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Illustration of Garden Cockfight

by Yōshū Chikanobu, 1898

Reading from the series Edo Brocades


IHL Cat. #1220

About This Print

Young samurai, supervised by an elder, watch the beginning of a cockfight in the garden.  This print is a 1898 reissue of an 1884 woodblock print (shown below) of a painting made by Chikanobu for the government sponsored Second Painting Competitive Exhibition, held in April 1884. As detailed below, after the original painting was awarded a bronze prize and then purchased by the Imperial Household Agency, the publisher Morimoto Junzaburō (firm name Entaidō) issued a woodblock print reproduction of the painting in response to public demand.  

When this collection's print was reissued fourteen years after the original print, the publisher changed the title, removed explanatory text from the left panel, removed the artist's seal below his signature and changed many of the colors used for the samurai's robes.  It is not known why the publisher decided to re-issue this print in 1898.

A Comparison of the Original 1884 Print and this Collection's 1898 Print


 
       1884 title        1898 title
   幼稚鶏合之 庭前闘鶏之圖
 

   1884 publisher seal and date     1898 publisher seal and date 

The Explanation on the Original Print
Source: Chikanobu: Modernity and Nostalgia in Japanese Prints, Bruce A. Coats, Hotei Publishing, 2006, p. 36.
According to the inscription on the left side [see above], this composition was originally a painting by Chikanobu that he entered in the Second Domestic Painting Competitive Exhibition (Dai ni Naikoku kaiga kyōshinkai 第二絵画共進会) held in Ueno Park from April 11 to May 30, 1884. The text on the print ‘Children’s Cockfight’ (Yōchi niwatori awase no zu) proudly announces the "bronze" competition prize and the purchase by the Imperial Household Agency (Kunaishō), and indicates there was a public demand for woodblock printed copies of this work. Such public and prominent notoriety for Chikanobu’s work must have boosted his standing in Tokyo’s artist community

The size and current location of the original painting has not been determined yet, but judging from other extant Chikanobu paintings, "Children's Cockfight" was probably done in colors on silk in a hanging scroll format.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce sponsored the first Domestic Painting Competitive Exhibition (Naikoku kaiga ky
ōshinkai) in 1882, prompted by Meiji government officials having visited such publicly sponsored exhibitions in Europe. The show was designed to promote contemporary artists working in traditional Japanese painting styles (nihonga), rather than in Western painting styles (yōga).  The emperor was a supporter of the arts and purchased a number of hanging scrolls and screen paintings for his personal quarters.  

The 1884 painting and print ‘Children’s Cockfight’ clearly shows that Chikanobu was involved in the discussions taking place in Tokyo about the future of Japanese art and the role of historical subject matter in the visual arts. As Western art, Western artistic techniques and Western art material continued to be imported into Japan during the 1870-1880’s, a reaction against outside influences and in favor of native traditions gained momentum. Public debate was emerging about the very definitions of ‘art,’ ‘fine arts,’ and ‘Japanese art.’ As Victoria Weston notes, ‘…a convincing self-definition could counter the implicitly invidious definitions handed down by Western colonial powers, and could serve to combat the unequal relationships justified by the definitions. Historians worked to pierce the veil of the distant past to find the origins of the Japanese people and the native roots of Japanese culture in order to define an essential Japanese-ness and thereby bolster Japan’s national unity and its international fortunes.’ Depictions of Japanese historical figures and of Japan’s distinctive lifestyles were two ways in which Chikanobu, and other artists, tried to answer those questions about how the unique qualities of Japanese art and art history could be highlighted, celebrated and preserved.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #1220
 Title or Description  Illustration of Garden Cockfight 庭前闘鶏之圖
 Series  
 Artist  Yōshū Chikanobu (1838-1912)
 Signature
楊洲周延筆 Yōshū Chikanobu hitsu
 Seal  
 Publication Date
August 3, 1898 (Meiji 31, 8th month, 3rd day)
 Publisher
Morimoto Junzaburō 森本順三郎 (preceded by address Asakusa Kawaramachi  2-banchi)
[Marks: pub. ref. 349; seal not shown]
 Carver

 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition  good - backed with heavy album paper; trimmed to image; minor soiling; three separate sheets
 Genre  ukiyo-e
 Miscellaneous   
 Format  vertical oban triptych
 H x W Paper 
 13 13/16 x 9 1/4 in. (35.1 x 23.5 cm) each sheet
 H x W Image
 same as paper size
 Literature 
 Chikanobu: Modernity and Nostalgia in Japanese Prints, Bruce A. Coats, Hotei Publishing, 2006, p. 36-37.
 Collections This Print
 Honolulu Museum of Art 29115 (the original 1884 print); Scripps College Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery 2006.1.1 (the original 1884 print)
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