Bunraku Theater Stage Set for Shinpan Utazaimon from the Illustrated Collection of Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza

Seitaka Dōji from the folio Collection of One Hundred Kumadori Makeups in Kabuki, Collection 2
 

 Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Bunraku Theater Stage Set for

Shinpan Utazaimon

[The New Scandalous Ballad of Osome and Hisamatsu]

from the Illustrated Collection of Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza

Hasegawa Sadanobu III, 1926 or 1927

Portrait of Saigō Takamori



(print with fold-down tissue overlay showing positions of puppets on stage set)

IHL Cat. #2483

About This Print

An illustration of the stage set for Shinpan Utazaimon (The New Scandalous Ballad of Osome and Hisamatsu) written by Chikamatsu Hanji 近松半二 (1725-1783) and first staged in 1780. 

This set presents us with Hisamatsu's parents home at Nozaki Village where the love triangle between Hisamatsu, Osome and Omitsu will play out.

As originally issued, this print is complete with its tissue overlay showing the outlines of three puppet characters as they appear on stage.

Brief Plot Summary
"This play offers a vivid juxtaposition between the strong affection shown by the two daughters. Osome, the daughter of a major merchant in Osaka, and Omitsu, the daughter of a rural farming household, have strong feelings of affection towards Hisamatsu, an apprentice at the merchant’s shop. This sewa-mono [contemporary, domestic plays] was written based on an actual double suicide incident that had occurred. This incident has also been adapted for Ningyo joruri and Kabuki and was known as "Osome Hisamatsumono." Also popular was a performing art called "Utazaimon," in which a performer sings and walks while adding fushi-mawashi (intonations) to such situations and suicides. "Shinpan," meaning new ballad, in the title of the play is likely a show of respect for the preceding work.

The act that is frequently staged is "Nozakimura (Nozaki Village)." The lively shamisen music that resonates at harrowing scenes is considered a masterpiece.

Highlight "Nozakimura (Nozaki Village)"
A merchant’s daughter returns the letter of an irresolute man, urging him to stay with her. Accused of stealing, Hisamatsu returns to his family home and prepares to hold a wedding with Omitsu, the daughter of his foster father. Just then, Osome, the daughter of Hisamatsu’s employer and his lover, appears in pursuit of Hisamatsu. The narrator and Shamisen player make use of a variety of techniques so that these two daughters are distinguishable. The scene where Osome scolds Hisamatsu with a letter in her hand employs "Kudoki," a method of building up climax by fervently pouring forth the character’s strong sentiments and feelings."

Bunraku Stage Set

Stage Set for  Ehon Taikoki (Records of the Taiko)

Source: Bunraku: The Art of the Japanese Puppet Theatre, Donald Keene and Hiroshi Kaneko, Kodansha International, Ltd., 1965, p. 22.
For those unfamiliar with the stage set for bunraku the following passages from Donald Keene's Bunraku: The Art of the Japanese Puppet Theatre are instructive:

"Soon after the chanter enters his description of the new scene, the curtain is drawn aside to reveal the set, a naturalistic rendering of a landscape or interior. If the backdrop represents an outdoor scene, it is painted on a series of vertical panels which may be moved laterally to suggest that characters (who remain in one place) are traveling. If an interior, the gate, framework of the house, and generally one room are depicted, with the suggestion of other rooms beyond.  A garden or nearby building may also be represented. A doorway at the rear-center of the stage is usual, for it permits the female characters to make spectacular exits, displaying their figures from behind. Very few props are used; unless necessary to the action, the furnishings are generally  painted on the backdrop, to allow the operators the maximum freedom of movement.

The Bunraku stage, traditionally 36 feet wide, 25 feet deep, and 15 feet high, is divided into various playing areas. The main stage occupies about half the total area, and often serves as the interior of a house. Three raised partitions of different heights run across the width of the stage, standing before the trench-like passages in which the operators work. The partitions conceal the lower half of the principal operator's body, more of the operator of the left hand (who does not wear high-platformed clogs), and almost all of the operator of the feet; at the same time, they provide the apparent floor or ground level on which the puppets walk or sit. To the audience's right is a dais projecting into the auditorium from the stage. There the chanter perches on bulky cushions before an elaborately fashioned reading-stand; to his left, the samisen player sits on a single cushion, dwarfed by the chanter."

The Other Prints in the Shinpan Utazaimon Set

As further explained below, each stage set print was part of a set of five prints consisting of a black and white explanatory sheet and three portraits of puppet characters appearing in the play.

explanatory sheet
新版歌祭文 Shinpan Utazaimon
Source: The Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum of Waseda University 201-1513
click on image to enlarge

The four print set for Shinpan Utazaimon
puppets from left to right as pictured on the print's tissue overlay:
Osome お染Hisamatsu and Kyūsaku 久松久作 , Omitsu お光


About the "Illustrated Collection of Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza"

This collection of forty-eight color woodblock prints was designed by Hasegawa Sadanobu III (Konobu III) (1881-1963) and issued over the period March 1926 (Taishō 15) to August 1927 (Shōwa 2)1 by the publishing houses Bijutsusha 美術社 in Tokyo and on a subscription (members only) basis by Hangakai hanmoto 版画会板元 (板畫會板元) in Kyoto. The cost per print set was 3 yen. The editor and publisher for both the Bijutsusha and Hangakai hanmoto sets was Hayashi Eikichi 林榮吉, who was also the editor for Hasegawa's Collection of One Hundred Kumadori Makeups in Kabuki. (See Hasegawa Sadanobu III (Konobu III) (1881-1963) for prints from this collection.)

The Illustrated Collection of Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza consists of twelve sets of prints each set depicting a specific play in the bunraku repertory, as listed in the below table. Each set contains a stage set for the specific play along with three prints of puppet characters appearing in the play and an explanatory sheet, for a total of forty-eight color woodblock prints and twelve monochrome explanatory sheets. Each of the stage set prints was originally issued with a tissue overlay showing the position of the three puppet characters on the stage. All of the plays pictured were performed at the Bunraku Theater (Bunraku-za) located within the Goryō Shrine compound in Osaka. The Goryō Bunraku-za burned down in November 1926 after what has been described as "an extremely difficult managerial era" and "lost interest" by the public in the late Taishō era.2 It is unknown what role, if any, the management of the Goryō Bunraku-za may have played in the formulation and issuance of this print series in their efforts to revitalize the theater.

For more complete information on this series see the article Illustrated Collection of Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza

1 Dates are taken from the colophons on the envelopes containing the print sets in the Waseda University Archives
2 National Diet Library website page http://www.ndl.go.jp/scenery/e/column/kansai/goryo_bunrakuza.html which provides a history of the Goryō Bunrakuza.


 Play Name in Japanese Play Name in English
 壇浦兜軍記
 Dan-no-ura kabuto gunki
 Chronicle of the Battle of Dan-no-ura
 義経千本桜
 Yoshitsune senbon zakura 
 Yoshitsune and the Thousand Cherry Trees
 一の谷嫩軍記  
 Ichi-no-tani futaba gunki
 Chronicle of the Battle of Ichinotani
 仮名手本忠臣蔵、五段目
 Kanadehon Chūshingura, go danme
 The Treasury of Loyal Retainers, Act 5
 仮名手本忠臣蔵、七段目
 Kanadehon Chūshingura, shichi danme
 The Treasury of Loyal Retainers, Act 7
 伊賀越道中双六
 Igagoe dōchū sugoroku
 The Revenge at Igagoe
 心中天網嶋
 Shinjū ten no amajima
 The Love Suicides at Amijima
 新版歌祭文
 Shinpan Utazaimon
 The New Scandalous Ballad of Osome and Hisamatsu
 菅原伝授手習鑑 
 Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami 
 Sugawara and the Secrets of  Calligraphy
 本朝廿四孝
 Honchō nijūshikō
 Twenty-four Examples of Filial Piety
 鎌倉三代記
 Kamakura sandaiki
 Three Generations of Kamakura Shoguns
 夏祭浪花鑑 
 Natsumatsuri Naniwa kagami 
 Summer festival at Naniwa (Osaka)


Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #2483
 Title or Description Bunraku Theater Stage Set for Shinpan Utazaimon [The New Scandalous Ballad of Osome and Hisamatsu]
 Bunraku ningyō butaizu Shinpan Utazaimon
 文楽人形、舞台図、新板歌祭文

Note: also seen translated as The Love of Osome and Hisamatsu; The New Orations Chanted at Buddhist Ceremonies; The Balladeer's New Tale of Osome and Hisamatsu
 Series Illustrated Collection of the Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza
 Ōsaka Bunraku-za Ningyō Gashū: Nihon Meibutsu 
 日本名物大阪文楽座人形画集
 Artist Hasegawa Sadanobu III (Konobu III) (1881-1963)
 Signature
 not signed 
 Seal not sealed
 Publication Date Taishō 15 or Shōwa 2 (1926 or 1927)
 Publisher 美術社 Bijutsusha, Tokyo and 版画会板元 Hangakai hanmoto, Kyoto
 Carver 佐藤重一 Satō Jūichi
 Publisher 板垣八重松 Itagaki Yaematsu
 Impression  excellent
 Colors excellent
 Condition excellent
 Genre puppet theater stage set picture 文楽人形、舞台図 bunraku ningyō, butaizu
 Miscellaneous 
 Format 
 H x W Paper 
 10 x 14 1/4 in. (25.4 x 36.2 cm)
 H x W Image 10 x 14 1/4 in. (25.4 x 36.2 cm)
 Literature 

 Collections This Print
 The Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum of Waseda University 作品番号:201-1502(A and B); Ritsumeikan University Art Research Center arcBK06-0002_52; National Diet Library Call Number 414.38; The Met Thomas J. Watson Library  240.3081 H27 Quarto; British Library System number: 018894603 
last revision:
5/13/2021 created
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