Bunraku Theater Stage Set for the Scene Tearing the Carriage Apart in Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami [Sugawara and the Secrets of Calligraphy] from the Illustrated Collection of Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza

Seitaka Dōji from the folio Collection of One Hundred Kumadori Makeups in Kabuki, Collection 2
 

 Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Bunraku Theater Stage Set for the Scene Tearing the Carriage Apart in Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami [Sugawara and the Secrets of Calligraphy]

from the Illustrated Collection of Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza

Hasegawa Sadanobu III, 1927

Portrait of Saigō Takamori


IHL Cat. #1528

About This Print

An illustration of the stage set for the opening scene of Act III “Tearing the Carriage Apart” in the play Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami [Sugawara and the Secrets of Calligraphy].  In this set an ox drawn carriage sits in front of Yoshida Shrine in Kyoto.  In this scene Sakuramaru and Ummaru battle their blood triplet brother Matsuōmaru over control of the carriage carrying Great Minsiter Shihei.  The carriage and its axle will be reduced to mangled splinters.1

The play is one of the “Three Masterpieces” of the puppet theater along with Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura and Kanadehon Chūshingura.  It was written in 1746 by Namiki Sōsuke (Senryū) (1695-1751), Miyoshi Shōraku (1696-1772) and Takeda Koizumo (Izumo II) (1691–1756).

1 Sugawara and the Secrets of CalligraphyStanleigh H Jones, Columbia University Press, 1985, p. 154-156.

explanatory sheet
菅原伝授手習鑑
Source: The Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum of Waseda University 201-1543


About the "Illustrated Collection of Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza"


This collection of prints was issued over the period April 1926 (Taishō 15) to August 1927 (Shōwa 2) by the publishers Bijutsusha 美術社 in Tokyo and Hangakai hanmoto 版画会板元 in Kyoto.1  The collection consists of forty-eight prints and twelve explanatory sheets for ten well-known bunraku plays (see table below) performed at Osaka's Burakuza.  

 新版歌祭文  お染久松
 Shinpan Utazaimon: Osome Hisamatsu
 The New Scandalous Ballad of Osome  and Hisamatsu
 仮名手本忠臣蔵 忠臣蔵、七段目
 Kanadehon Chūshingura – shichi danme
 The Treasury of Loyal Retainers: Act 7
 仮名手本忠臣蔵 忠臣蔵、五段目
 Kanadehon Chūshingura – go danme
 The Treasury of Loyal Retainers: Act 5
 仮名手本忠臣蔵 前段続き
 Kanadehon Chūshingura – zendan tsuduki
 The Treasury of Loyal Retainers:  Introduction
 伊賀越道中双六  伊賀越敵討
 Igagoe dōchū sugoroku - Igagoe katakiuchi 
 The Revenge at Igagoe - Vengance at  Igagoe 
 一の谷嫩軍記  一谷嫩軍記、組打
 Ichinotani futaba gunki - kumiuchi 
 Chronicle of the Battle of Ichinotani –  The  Duel
 鎌倉三代記
 Kamakura sandaiki 
 Three Generations of Kamakura  Shoguns
 心中天網嶋 小春治兵衛
 Shinjū ten nō amajima - Koharu Jihei
 The Love Suicides at Amijima - Koharu  Jihei
 義経千本桜 静忠信道行
 Yoshitsune senbon zakura -  ? michiyuki 
 Yoshitsune and the Thousand Cherry Trees  - travel dance
 菅原伝授手習鑑  車引き
 Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami – kurumabiki 
 Sugawara and the Secrets of  Calligraphy  - the struggle for the carriage
 本朝廿四孝  十種香
 Honchō nijū shikō – jusshukō 
 Twenty-four Examples of Filial Piety –  The  Incense Burning
 夏祭浪花鑑 団七九郎兵衛
 Natsumatsuri Naniwa kagami – Danshichi Kurobei  
 Summer festival at Naniwa (Osaka)–  Danshichi Kurobei

Each performance was represented in the collection by an explanatory sheet plus one print showing a stage set from the play and three portraits of the play's main characters, as shown below.

Explanation, Stage Set and Three Puppet Portraits for the play
Yoshitsune and the Thousand Cherry Trees
click on image to enlarge

It is likely that the prints were sold, at least in part, by subscription, as decorative enclosures exist for the four prints and the explanatory sheet for each of the plays.  A decorative portfolio or outer box containing the entire set of plays was also issued. The two colophons I've seen for the set (see below) indicate that the explanatory sheets were written by Hasegawa Konobu, the artist who designed the prints and, likely, the person who conceived of the collection.

 
colophon accompanying set of prints published
by Hangakai hanmoto 會板元
Source: National Diet Library
 
colophon accompanying set of prints published by Bijutsusha 美術社
Source: Ritsumeikan University Art Research Center

At an unknown later date, Uchida Publishing obtained the blocks and re-issued the prints depicting puppets.  The Uchida published prints bear the hexagonal seal of Uchida.


The collection's title 日本名物大阪文楽座人形画集 (Ōsaka Bunraku-za Ningyō Gashū: Nihon Meibutsu) has been variously translated as Illustrated Collection of the Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza; Book of Noted Puppets of the Bunrakuza, Osaka and Famous Products of Japan: Osaka Bunraku Theatre Dolls, Book of Prints.

For a detailed history of the Puppet Theater in Osaka please see the National Diet Library page http://www.ndl.go.jp/scenery/e/column/kansai/goryo_bunrakuza.html


1 Hangakai hanmoto is also seen written as 板畫會板元


Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #1528
 Title or Description  Bunraku Theater Stage Set for the Scene Tearing the Carriage Apart in Sugawara  Denju Tenarai Kagami [Sugawara and the Secrets of Calligraphy] 
 Bunraku ningyō butaizu Sugawara denju tenarai kagami - kurumahiki
 文楽人形、舞台図、菅原伝授手習鑑、車引き
 Series  Illustrated Collection of the Famous Japanese Puppets of the Osaka Bunrakuza
 Ōsaka Bunraku-za Ningyō Gashū: Nihon Meibutsu 
 日本名物大阪文楽座人形画集
 Artist  Hasegawa Sadanobu III (Konobu III) (1881-1963)
 Signature
 not signed 
 Seal  not sealed
 Publication Date  originally Shōwa 2 (1927)
 Publisher  美術社 Bijutsusha, Tokyo and 版画会板元 Hangakai hanmoto, Kyoto
 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition  good - several spots of foxing and soiling; paper remnants verso upper corners; small piece missing from bottom right margin corner
 Genre  puppet theater stage set picture 文楽人形、舞台図 bunraku ningyō, butaizu
 Miscellaneous  
 Format  
 H x W Paper 
 10 3/8 x 15 3/8 in. (26.4 x 39.1 cm) 
 H x W Image  9 15/16 x 14 3/16 in. (25.2 x 36)
 Literature 

 Collections This Print
 The Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum of Waseda University 作品番号:201-1496; Ritsumeikan University Art Research Center; National Diet Library 
last revision:
11/20/2018
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