Panoramic Map of Toshogu Shrine in Nikko

Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Panoramic Map of Toshogu Shrine in Nikko

by Hasegawa Chikuyo, 1881

IHL Cat. #432

About This Print

One of at least four similar prints created by the artist of Toshogu Shrine in Nikko as shown below.  This collection's print reorients the view as compared with the below three prints. 

Fuji Arts website
Panoramic Map of Toshogu Shrine in Nikko by Chikuyo Hasegawa
Signature: Hasegawa Chikuyo.
Dated: 1881.
Publisher: Arakawa Tobei.
Artelino website
Panoramic Map of Toshogu Shrine in Nikko by Chikuyo Hasegawa
Signature: Hasegawa Chikuyo.
Dated: 1882.
Publisher: Arakawa Tobei.

Artelino website


 
Scroll detail IHL Cat. #432 (click to enlarge)
The scroll recounts how and when the shrine was built.

Toshogu Shrine Nikko

Source: Sacred Destinations website

The Toshogu Shrine is the main attraction of Nikko. The Shinto shrine is dedicated to the kami (spirit) of Ieyasu (d. 1616), who founded the Tokugawa Shogunate, a military dynasty that ruled Japan from 1603 to 1867.

To create a worthy shrine for the shogun, 15,000 craftsman worked for two years, using 2.5 million sheets of gold leaf. The enshrinement of Ieyasu's spirit is reenacted twice each year in the Procession of the Thousand Warriors.

Unlike most Shinto shrines, characterized by minimalist architecture that blends into its surroundings, Toshogu is a riot of color, gold, and carvings, with birds and flowers, dancing maidens, and sages following one another around the buildings. Some visitors find the shrine awe-inspiring and beautiful; others are repelled by the gaudiness. In contrast to the exuberance of the shrine, Ieyasu's mausoleum itself is relatively simple and austere.

One of the most famous elements of Toshogu is the Sacred Stable, where a white imperial horse is kept (a gift of New Zealand). The stable's fame derives from the original carving depicting the three wise monkeys, "Hear no evil, Speak no evil, See no evil." Other famous carvings at Toshogu include a sleeping cat and an odd rendering of an elephant by an artist who had apparently never seen one.

Although a Shinto shrine, Toshogu contains several Buddhist elements. Next to the entrance gate is a five-story pagoda in red and gold, and beyond it is the formal entryway flanked with the Two Deva Kings. A Buddhist library with over 7,000 scrolls of sacred texts is contained in a revolving case, which can be turned in order to effect the equivalent of praying all the texts.



Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 #432
 Title or Description  Panoramic map of Toshogu Shrine in Nikko - Chronicle of Nikkô 日光山鎮座東照宮之図
 Artist  Hasegawa Chikuyō (fl. c. 1870-1880s)
 Signature  長谷川竹葉 筆Hasegawa Chikuyō hitsu
 Publication Date   明治14年(1881)4月13日
 Publisher
Two publishers are shown in the center columns of the yellow cartouche:
荒川藤兵衛 Arakawa Tōbei [Marks: seal not pictured; publisher ref. 591; Trade Name; Yamaguchiya Tobei; sealed as Arakawa Tobei from 1876]
小林次郎 Kobayashi Jirō [Marks: seal 26-117; publisher ref. 255]

The column on the far left gives the artist's given name of 長谷川勘之助 Hasegawa Kannosuke followed on the right by his address.
The column on the far right gives the date the print was issued 明治14年(1881)4月13日
 Engraver
 
 Impression  excellent
 Colors  excellent
 Condition good - full size separate panels; unbacked; minor wrinkling throughout
 Genre  ukiyo-e
 Miscellaneous  
 Format  vertical oban triptych
 H x W Paper
 14 x 9 3/8 in. (35.6 x 23.8 cm) each sheet
 Collections This Print  Shizuoka Prefectural Central Library K915-108-036-041; Japan Arts Council 09176
 Reference Literature
 


Comments