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Adachi Ginkō (active 1874-1897)


Biographical Data

Biography

Adachi Ginkō 安達吟光 (active 1870-1900)
Sources: International Fine Prints Dealers Association website http://www.ifpda.org/content/node/884; The Sino-Japanese War Nathan Chaikin, self-published, 1983, p. 36; A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 32.

Little is known about the life of the artist Adachi Ginkō.   He was born under the name of Adachi Heishichi 安達平七 and in addition to the name Adachi Ginkō used the (artist names) Shinshō Ginkō 真匠銀光, Shōsai Ginkō 松斎考吟 and Shōunsai Ginkō 松雲斎銀光.  He studied with the Western-style painter Goseda Horyu I (1827-1892) and he is identified with the Utagawa school.  During the Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) he worked as a war correspondent and illustrator. Besides war prints he produced scenes of current events, depictions of the Boshin rebellion of 1870, actor portraits and theater scenes.

In 1889 Ginkō was jailed along with his editor, Miyatake Gaikotsu, for depicting the emperor as a skeleton accepting the new constitution in the Diet.  The cartoon lampooned the emperor, the new representative government and the promulgation of the constitution ceremony held on February 11, 1889 and Ginkō was sentenced to a year in prison and a fine of fifty yen.  As pointed out by Meech-Pekarik, poking fun at the emperor was a risky move for an artist who worked off commissions.1
 
Adachi Ginkō: Skeleton Receiving the Constitution
from Tonchi kyokai zasshi (The Journal of the Association of Practical Knowledge)
February 28, 18892


In 1898 he illustrated the Hayanawa Kappo Kenpo Kyojan Zukai, Zen [Complete Illustrated Book of the Teaching Method of Tying (Hayanawa), The Striking Methods of Jujutsu (Kenpo) and the Method of Resuscitation (Kappo)], a complete copy of which can be found at http://museum.hikari.us/books/kenpo/index.html.

Sample Signatures Attributed to Artist



Shōsai Ginkō with Ginkō seal
c. 1870
 
 Shōsai Ginkō with Ginkō seal
1873

Adachi Ginkō with unidentified seal
1879
 
Shōsai Ginkō with dokugaku Seppitsu seal
1890

Ginkō ga with dokugaku Seppitsu seal
1891
 
  ōju Ginkō with Heta no yokozuki seal
1894


ōju Ginkō with Heta no yokozuki seal
1894

ōju Ginkō c. 1894
 
 Ginkō with
dokugaku Seppitsu seal, 1896

ōju Ginkō with dokugaku Seppitsu seal
1896
 
ōju Ginkō with Ginkō seal, 1897

1 The World of the Meiji Print: Impressions of a New Civilization, Julia Meech-Pekarik, Weatherhill, 1986, p. 185.
2 Ibid. p. 184.