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Shin Nigao Magazine

SHIN NIGAO MAGAZINE

 新似顔
Natori Shunsen (1886-1960)
Tōzō in the role of Susanoo no Mikoto
Front cover from issue #5 (the last issue) of Shin Nigao

IHL Cat. #581

About the Magazine Shin Nigao

Source: Hanga Gallery website http://www.hanga.com/genre/actors/ and the website of JapanesePrints-London http://www.japaneseprints-london.com/6024/shiba-shin-nigao-e-published-1915/ and the tables of contents of the four of the five issues of the magazine.

During the Taisho period (1912-1926), many of the urban Japanese youth were drawn away from kabuki to more modern forms of entertainment, especially Western imports like cinema and baseball.

One notable effort to revive interest in actor prints was the publication of Shin Nigao 新似顔 (New Portraits) magazine in 1915. This art magazine was a collaboration among several Japanese artists, including Natori Shunsen (1886 - 1960), Ishii Hakutei
(1882-1958), and Yamamura Toyonari (1885-1942). The general purpose of Shin Nigao was to advertise for the kabuki theater, but it also gave the artists a chance to express themselves in new ways.  A total of 77 prints were published in the magazine over five issues, with each of the first four issues featuring 14 small woodblock prints and the fifth, and last, the "Coronation" issue, featuring 21 prints, including five portraits of officials associated with the November 1915 enthronement ceremonies of Emperor Yoshihito (Emperor Taishō) and portraits of geisha from Tokyo and Kyoto who performed at the ceremonies.1  All of the prints were carved by Igami Bonkotsu 伊上凡骨, a master artisan who was a friend of the artist Ishii Hakutei.  Prints in issues 2 through 5 were also printed by Igami with prints in issue 1 being printed by Nakamura Sanjirō 中村三次郎. Most of the prints included in Shin Nigao are portraits based on simple line drawings. A few of these small prints were used as the basis for similar but more detailed shin hanga produced by these same artists in later years. 

The magazines are also notable for the involvement of well-known poets and writers including Inoue Kankabō 井上剣花坊 (1870-1934), Shōyō Matsui 松居松葉 (1870-1933) and Yosano Akiko 與謝野晶子 (1878-1942) who contributed poems and essays. 

In the first issue of the magazine, the prints were bound into the magazine with the adjoining page providing details on the print, but in subsequent issues the prints were "tipped" onto a page which provided the title of the print (actor and role being played) and the artist's name directly below the print.

Although Shin Nigao attracted some interest, production of the magazine ended after only five issues.

Covers of the five issues of Shin Nigao

Source: Shin-hanga, New Prints in Modern Japan, Brown, Kendall H. and Hollis Goodall-Cristante, Los Angeles County Museum of Art in association with Univ. of Washington Press, 1996, p. 49.
Shin hanga artists were familiar with classic ukiyo-e representations through reproductions, such as Hashiguchi Goyo’s (1880-1921) editions after Utamaro (1754-1806) and Sharaku (1770-1825), as well as through many extant Meiji prints.  That many of these conventions (the portrait bust composition and strong lines of traditional ukiyo-e actor prints) survived into the Taisho period is witnessed in Shin Nigao (New Portraits), a short-lived magazine of 1915, which published fourteen or fifteen woodcut actor portraits in each of its five issues.

The small (approx. 7 x 4 1/2 in.) Shin Nigao prints preserve the portrait bust composition and strong lines of traditional ukiyo-e actor prints but often add a greater sense of volume and a rough style of cutting that suggest the Western sketch tradition. However, the traditional ukiyo-e emphasis on the character of the dramatic personage obscures almost any sense of the actor’s personality.

Source:
Printed to Perfection – Twentieth-century Japanese Prints from the Robert O. Muller Collection, Merviss, Newland, et. al., Hotei Publishing, 2004, p. 26-27.
Shin Nigao is signal as it represents the collaboration between sosaku hanga and shin hanga artists, and as such challenges the preconception that clear-cut boundaries existed between the two camps.  The artists involved in Shin Nigao hoped that their work would fuel interest in actor portraiture in the early Taisho period, for as is stated in the third issue:
…in the past were nigao-e [actor portraits] by the Torii and Utagawa Schools, but despite the skill in the craft of the print master, in the technique of the printing with the baren and the skill of the woodblock master they gradually declined by the end of the Meiji. Other means like lithographic pictures and color photography appears to be spreading the proud face of the times; it is indeed regrettable…

1 See the prints IHL Cat. #s 219, 280, 848 and 851 below, depicting a Noh performer in the play Okina (219), two Goseki dancers (280 and 251) and Prime Minister Ōkuma (848).

Table of Contributing Artists


 Contributing Artist
Issue 1
第一年初編
June
1915
 Issue 2
第一年貮編
July
1915
Issue 3
第一年参編
August
1915
Issue 4
第一年四編
October
1915
Issue 5
第一年五編
November
1915
Total Prints Contributed
 Ishii Hakutei 石井柏亭   0 2 2+cover 1+foldout   0 7
 Ishizuka Kan 石塚翰  0 0  2 2
 Koito Gentarō 小絲源太郎  0 0  1 1
 Kondō Koichirō 近藤浩一路  0 0  1 1
 Matsuda Seifū 松田 青風  4 2 1+cover   3 14
 Natori Shunsen 名取春仙  5 3+cover 4+foldout 5 9+foldout+cover 30
 Ogawa Hyōe 小川兵衛  1 1 1 1 3 7
 Terasawa Kōtarō 寺澤孝太郎  0 2 0 0 0 2
 Torii Kotondo 鳥居言人  1 0 0 0 0 1
 Yamamura Kōka 山村耕花  3 2+foldout 2 4 0 12
 TOTAL EACH ISSUE 14 14 14 14 21 77

Reference for All Five Volumes Complete

website of Art Research Center (ARC)

Table of Contents for Issues 1, 3, 4 and 5


click on an image to enlarge

 
Shin Nigao First Year 1st Issue
 第一年初編 新似顔 目次
 
Shin Nigao First Year 3rd Issue
新似顔 第一年


Shin Nigao First Year 4th Issue
新似顔 第一年
 
Shin Nigao First Year 5th Issue
(Commemorative Issue)
新似第一年第
編紀念號 目次


The Entire Set of 77 Shin Nigao Prints

Note: Prints in this collection show a catalogue number.







Enjaku
in the role of
the Spirit of Shigenobu 
延二郎 重信の霊 
Issue 4, October 1915
frontispiece foldout




Jusaburō
in the role of Isogai Namie 
壽三郎 浪江
Issue 4, October 1915






Ishizuka Kan
(active c. 1915)

 

Tonko courtesan of Yanagibashi
Issue 5, November 1915


Kondō Koichirō
(1884–1962)
 
Noh Play Okina (Kanze-ke) Issue 5, November 1915
IHL Cat. #219


Issue 1, June 1915
IHL Cat. #2178





Danshirō
in the role of Benkei
段四郎 辨慶
Issue 1, June 1915


Uzaemon
in the role of Benten Kozo
Issue 2, July 1915



Matsuda Seifū

Sadanji
in the role of Nango Rikimaru
Issue 2, July 1915




Hikosaburō
in the role of Takezawa Kenmotsu in the play Shinrei Yaguchi no Watashi
彦三郎 竹澤監物
Issue 3, August 1915
 

Matsuda Seifū



 
Matsuda Seifū

Sadanji
in the role of Ishikawa Goemon
Issue 4, October 1915
cover


Sōjūrō
in the role of Inuchiyo
宗十郎 犬千代
Issue 5, November 1915



Matsuda Seifū

Nizaemon
in the role of Hachirobei
Issue 5, November 1915

Natori Shunsen

Issue 1, June 1915
IHL Cat. #1965


Yaozō
in the role of Kyuui​?
八百藏 休意
Issue 1, June 1915
 

Uzaemon
in the role of Sukeroku
羽左衛門 助六
Issue 1, June 1915



Enjaku
in the role of Shirozake
延二郎 白洒賣
Issue 1, June 1915




Issue 2, July 1915
cover


Ganjirō
in the role of Oboshi Yuranosuke
Issue 2, July 1915





Issue 2, July 1915


Baigyoku
in the role of Hiraemon
Issue 2, July 1915



Kikugorō
in the role of ?
菊五郎 ?
Issue 3, August 1915
frontispiece, foldout





[Hatsuse] Namiko
in the role of Matsushima 
子 松島 
Issue 3, August 1915


[Sawamura] Sojurō
in the role of [Fukuoka] Mitsugi
澤村宗十郎の福岡貢
Issue 3, August 1915



Sadayakko
in the role of Queen Artes
Issue 4, October 1915



Natori Shunsen
(1886-1960)


Kichiemon
in the role of Taira Tomomori
Issue 4, October 1915


Natori Shunsen
(1886-1960)


Mitsugoro
in the role of Minamoto Yoshitsune  
Issue 4, October 1915

Natori Shunsen

(1886-1960)

Kikugorō
in the role of Jinzō
Issue 4, October 1915
  
  
 Natori Shunsen
(1886-1960)


IHL Cat. #241

 

Issue 5, November 1915
Fushimi Taishi
Fushimi Taireishi Sosaikan Denka
伏見太子短冊
frontispiece, foldout

Natori Shunsen
(1886-1960)


Courtesan Otomaru
from Shinbashi
Issue 5. November 1915
  

Natori Shunsen
(1886-1960)


Courtesan Shori
from Nihonbashi
Issue 5, November 1915





Sonosuke
in the role of Mizuno
Issue 5, November 1915


Natori Shunsen
(1886-1960)


IHL Cat. #490  
  
Natori Shunsen
(1886-1960)


Utaemon
in the role of Komurasaki
Issue 5, November 1915

Natori Shunsen

 

Sōnosuke in the role of Sawaichi and Kakuko in the role of Osato
Sōnosuke
in the role of Sawaichi and Kakuko in the role of Osato
Issue 1, June 1915
I
HL Cat. #2160





Ogawa Hyōe
(active c. 1915)


Sumizō as Hōkaibō
Sumizō
in the role of Hōkaibō
Issue 3, August 
1915

IHL Cat. #1371
 
Ogawa Hyōe
(active c. 1915)


Fukusuke
in the role of Yohei
Issue 4, October 1915

IHL Cat. #262 & #262A

Ogawa Hyōe
(active c. 1915)


Ōkuma, Prime Minister
Issue 5, November 1915

IHL Cat. #849


Ogawa Hyōe
(active c. 1915)


Seikanji Utako
dressed to perform
Gosechi no Maihime
Issue 5, November 1915

IHL Cat. #851

Ogawa Hyōe
(active c. 1915)


Hagiwara Taneko
dressed to perform
Gosechi no Maihime
Issue 5, November 1915

IHL Cat. #280

Terasawa Kōtarō
(active 1915)

Kichiemon
in the role of Takechi Mitsuhide
Issue 2, July 1915

IHL Cat. #261

Terasawa Kōtarō
(active 1915)

Kikujirō
in the role of Hatsugiku
Issue 2, July 1915

(fl. ca. 1915) 
IHL Cat. #837


Torii Kotondo
(1900-1976)

Kikugorō in the role of Sukeroku
Kikugorō
in the role of  Sukeroku
Issue 1, June 1915

IHL Cat. #2175

Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Unknown Actor in the role of Yosaburō
Sōjūrō
in the role of Yosaburō

Issue 1, June 1915
 IHL Cat. #2161

Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Matsusuke
in the role of Komori Yasu in the play Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yoroguchi
Issue 1, 1915

Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Ritsuko Mori in the role of Kiyoko
Ritsuko
in the role of Kiyoko
Issue 1, June 1915

IHL Cat. #2162



Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Issue 2, July 1915
frontispiece, foldout
 

Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Sonosuke
in the role of Koharu
Issue 2, July 1915

IHL Cat. #242

Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Onoe Matsunosuke
in the role of Chōsuke
Issue 2, July 1915

Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


 Kichiemon
in the role of  Tojuro
 Issue 3, August 1915



Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Onoe Kikugorō VI in the role of Jūjirō
Kikugorō
in the role of Jūjirō
 Issue 3, August 1915

IHL Cat. #1964

Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Kōshirō
in the role of Mitsuhide
Issue 4, October 1915

IHL Cat. #244

 
Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Kikugorō
in the role of Shinzō
菊五郎 新三
 Issue 4, October 1915

 
Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Kikujirō
in the role of 
Okuma

菊次郎 おくま
Issue 4, October 1915



Yamamura Toyonari
(1885-1942)


Onoe Matsusuke IV
in the role of Chōbei
Issue 4, October 1915



last revision:
8/3/2020
10/18/2019
11/20/2018


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