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Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan), 1877

Products of Greater Japan, 1877

[Dai Nippon Bussan Zue 大日本物産図会 (だいにっぽんぶっさんずえ)]

(A series of 118 prints depicting various economic activities throughout Japan)

Hunting the Giant Octopus of Namekawa in Etchu province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue.

Overview

The woodblock print series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue, drawn by Utagawa Hiroshige III (1842–1894), was published by the Tokyo-based publisher Ōkura Magobei on August 10, 1877. Each printed sheet in the series contained a pair of illustrations depicting regional scenes of farming, fishing, mining and other economic activities. Higuchi Hiromu, a collector of 19th-century nishiki-e, wrote in 1943 that there were 60 pairs (120 pictures) in the series, but only 118 are extant.1 There is also reference to over 100 pairs (200 pictures) being issued, based on the existence of prints in this series that carry numbers in their margin, some of which exceed the number 200. However, based upon the haphazard appearance of numbers on only the occasional print, these numbers appear to have no relationship to the total number of prints in the series and we can safely assume that only 59 pair (118 pictures) were issued.

The series' issuance date strongly suggests that their publication was timed for the August 21, 1877 opening of the first National Industrial Exposition (Naikoku Kangyō Hakurankai) in Tokyo's Ueno Park. (See The 1877 First National Industrial Exhibition below.)

The Series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue 大日本物産図会 (Products of Greater Japan, 1877)

This series is also referred to as Dainippon Butsu-san Zukai (Pictures of Products and Industries of Japan) and is variously translated as Products of Greater Japan, Series of Greater Japan Products, Famous Products of Japan, Products of Japan, and Pictorial Record of Japanese Products, among others.

In all 58 provinces (or regions) are represented in the series.  Fifty-seven provinces are each represented by two prints, with Iyo Province being the one province represented by four prints. The names given for the provinces are those of the pre-Meiji era, sometimes referred to as the "old kuni".  (A brief description of each of the old kuni can be found on this site in the article Former Provinces of Japan.) As shown below, the prints for each province were printed together on a single ōban-size sheet of paper and then cut into separate chūban size sheets.  Uncut sheets can sometimes be found, as in IHL Cat. #362 Producing Soy Sauce and Watermelon Field in Shimōsa Province shown below.

Producing Soy Sauce and Watermelon Field in Shimōsa Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)
Example of uncut ōban-size sheet
14 1/4 x 9 3/4 in. (36.2 x 23.5 cm)

Most Prints Bound Into Books
The printed sheets in ōban format (approximately 10 x 14 inches) were cut and sold as individual sheets or, as most were, cut and bound into books.  There are two book formats, a book sized approximately 7 x 9 1/2 in. (18 x 24 cm.) which allowed the prints to lay flat and a book sized approximately 7 x 5 in. (18 x 13 cm) which required each print to be folded in half.  An advertisement included at the end of one bound folding book says “Dai Nippon Bussan Zue, orihon zen 6 satsu,” namely that there were six books in the series.  Extant books do not necessarily contain the same pictures in the same order and it seems that there was no fixed way of ordering the prints when they were bound together.  

Example of a volume in which each print lays flat
Cover of one of two volumes of Dai Nippon Bussan Zue, each containing 42 prints 
(Waseda University Library Archives http://archive.wul.waseda.ac.jp/kosho/yo01/yo01_04265/
One example of many types of bindings and distribution for this series.

Two pages from the above binding (Waseda University Library Archives)


Example of a volume in which each print is folded
In this bound set of 30 prints, each print is folded in half

Covers for volumes 1 and 2, each containing 30 prints folded in half


Signatures and Cartouches on the Prints
Most of the prints in the top half of the ōban size sheet are signed "Hiroshige hitsu" in the bottom of its right margin and most of the bottom prints carry a cartouche in the left margin that gives Hiroshige III's address and his family name, Andō Tokubei, and the publisher's address and name, Ōkura Magobei, in a cartouche in right margin, as shown below.

 
廣重筆
Hiroshige hitsu

画工
大鋸町四番地
安藤徳兵
 
gakō Ōga machi yon banchi,
Andō Tokubei
 
出版人
日本橋通一丁目十九番地   大倉孫兵衛
publisher, Nihobashi-d
ōri Itchōme 19-banchi, Ōkura Magobei


Borrowing of Scenes

Source: Picturing Westernization and Modernization: A Woodblock Print Collection from Late 19th Century Japan, Izumi Koide, June 16, 2006, a paper delivered at the WORLD LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CONGRESS: 72ND IFLA GENERAL CONFERENCE AND COUNCIL 20-24 August 2006, Seoul, Korea http://archive.ifla.org/IV/ifla72/papers/085-Koide-en.pdf
These pictures show industrial scenes such as harvesting natural resources, processing crafts, shipping products, etc. in certain regions or countries, and hence depicting local industry. In the history of Japanese drawings particularly for practical use, there were various genres of pictures: meisho-e described famous places such as temples, sight-seeing spots, etc.; shokunin-e depicted various professionals and how to make things; bussan-e were like pictorial encyclopedia for products; and hakubutsu-e were of things. The Dai Nippon Bussan Zue is a combination of these genres of picture. By presenting images of most regions in Japan systematically with respective local industries, products, and working people, it suggested the variety as well as commonality of the developing nation.

The pictures are of all regions of Japan (see Former Provinces of Japan) and it is unlikely that the artist traveled to each place.  Some pictures of the series are “borrowed” from other pictures, a practice known as shakuyō.  Some pictures were taken from Nihon Sankai Meisan Zue (Famous Sea and Land Products in Japan, first published in 1799), and others were from Kii Meisho Zue (Famous Places in the Kii Region) of the mid 19th century. There might exist other “originals” upon which pictures in the Dai Nippon Bussan Zue were based as there were many other regional “famous places series.”

click on image to enlarge
Hiroshige III has covered the almost naked bodies of the men hauling in the day's catch and given us a "rising sun", but otherwise his 1877 print is a picture of a scene set at the end of the previous century.

Despite the borrowing of scenes from older originals, local industries had not changed much for decades when these prints were issued in the early Meiji period in comparison to the immense change in the political system. The pictures in Dai Nippon Bussan Zue gave people images of local industrial scenes, even if conventional or imaginary, in the age of “national industrial expositions.”

Multiple Editions

The series was extremely popular and was reprinted many times by the publisher Ōkura Magobei, whose shop in Nihonbashi (shown left) was nearby the site of the First National Industrial Exhibition in Ueno Park. While there is no record of prints being sold at the exhibition site, I believe even if not actually sold at the site they were advertised at the Exhibition.

Each printing would have both intentional (planned) and non-intentional (unplanned) color variances from previous printings and I have seen many instances of the same print issued with three different colored cartouches (red, green and rainbow-colored) containing the series' title in the upper right corner, as shown below.  




Producing Soy Sauce in Shimosa Province - Three Variations

The 1877 First National Industrial Exhibition

Source: Japan Goes to the World's Fairs: Japanese Art at the Great Expositions in Europe and the United States 1867-1904, Los Angeles County Museum, 2005, p. 46.

The First National Industrial Exhibtion (Naikoku Kangyō Hakurankai) was held from August 21 through November 30, 1877, in Tokyo's Ueno Park. The Minister of the Interior, Ōkubo Toshimichi, who acted as the exhibition's general director, was a powerful advocate for the policy of fostering production and commerce and a proponent of national industrial exhibitions.  The exhibition site consisted of a museum, main hall, machinery hall, agriculture hall, animal husbandry hall, horticulture hall, Gokakudō (pentagonal hall), and Rokusō-an tea ceremony pavilion.  There were a total of 16,172 exhibitors showing 84,353 items.  In anticipation of the event, the government clearly stated its interest in encouraging the growth of export industries and requested that every prefecture in Japan participate in the exhibition, suggesting that the domestic fairs were intended to provide a survey of the products and industries of the entire country and to offer a venue for assessing which of those products might be suitable for export.

References

https://myrp.maruzen.co.jp/press/bussan/

Picturing Westernization and Modernization: A Woodblock Print Collection from Late 19th Century Japan, Izumi Koide, June 16, 2006, a paper delivered at the WORLD LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CONGRESS: 72ND IFLA GENERAL CONFERENCE AND COUNCIL 20-24 August 2006, Seoul, Korea http://archive.ifla.org/IV/ifla72/papers/085-Koide-en.pdf

1 Picturing Westernization and Modernization: A Woodblock Print Collection from Late 19th Century Japan, Izumi Koide, June 16, 2006, a paper delivered at the WORLD LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CONGRESS: 72ND IFLA GENERAL CONFERENCE AND COUNCIL 20-24 August 2006, Seoul, Korea http://archive.ifla.org/IV/ifla72/papers/085-Koide-en.pdf


Notes on commonly used Kanji in print titles:

国 (or 國) kuni - province

同国 dōkoku - the same province (a reference to the province written in the cartouche of paired print)

製図 seizu - drawing or sketch

之図(or 圖) no zu (also ノ図) - picture or drawing of something

Thumbnails of the
118 Prints
 Product/Work Depicted
 Japanese Title

 Province
 


 
 Selling Toothpicks at Itsukushima
 安芸国厳島楊枝ヲ鬻図
 Aki no kuni Itsukushima yōji o iku  zu







 
 Oyster Farm in Hiroshima
 同[安芸]広島牡蛎蓄養之図
 [同広島牡蠣畜養之図]
 dō [Aki] Hiroshima kaki chikuyō



Aki
安芸国 Aki no kuni


Modern-day Hiroshima prefecture (広島県)
 

 
 Indigo Production (harvesting  Indigofera), figure 1
 阿波国藍製之図 一
 Awa no kuni ai sei no zu ichi






 
 Indigo Production (preparing the  leaves), figure 2
 阿波国藍玉製之図 二

Awa
阿波国 Awa no kuni


Modern-day Tokushima Prefecture
(徳島県)
 

 
 Daffodil Flowers
 安房水仙花
 Awa no kuni suisen hana








 Saury Netting
 
 [同国[安房]秋刀魚網之図]
 dōkoku sanma ami no zu

Awa
安房国 Awa no kuni


Modern-day Chiba Prefecture
(千葉県)
 


 
 Seabream Netting
 淡路国鯛ブリ網之図
 Awaji no kuni tai buri ami no zu








 Red Snapper Netting
 同[淡路国]鯛網之図

Awaji
淡路国 Awaji no kuni


Modern-day Hyōgo Prefecture
(兵庫県)

 


 
Planting Rush
 備後国藺を植ル図
 Bingo no kuni rin o shoku ru zu








 Tatami Mat Making
 備後國疊表ヲ製圖
 [備後国畳表ヲ製図]
 Bingo koku tatamiomote o seizu

Bingo
備後国 Bingo no kuni


Modern-day Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県)



 
 Slate Pencil Making in Okayama
 
備前岡山石筆製図
 Bizen Okayama sekihitsu seizu








 Catching Whitefish
 備前国白魚漁之図

Bizen
備前国 Bizen no kuni


Modern-day Okayama Prefecture (岡山県)
 



 Woven Items from Hakata
 筑前国博多織之図
 Chizuken no kuni hakata ori no zu







 Catching Tuna
 筑前国鮪漁之図
 Chikuzen no kuni maguro ryō no zu

Chikuzen
筑前国 Chikuzen no kuni


Modern-day Fukuoka Prefecture
(福岡県)
 


 
 Bleaching Fabric on the Snow
 越後國雪中布晒之図








 Catching Salmon
 
越後国鮭洲走を捕図

Echigo
越後国  Echigo no kuni


Part of modern-day Niigata Prefecture (新潟県)
 



 Paper (hōsho) Making
 越前国奉書紙製之図
 Echizen no kuni hōsho shi sei no zu








 Gathering Sea Urchin
 越前国海膽取之図
 [
越前国海胆取之図]
 Echizen no kuni uni tori no zu

Echizen
越前国 Echizen no kuni


Northern part of modern-day Fukui Prefecture (福井県)
 


 
 Iron Works
 越中国鉄物細工之図
 Etchū no kuni tetsumono saiku no  zu








 Giant Octopus in Namekawa
 越中滑川大章魚之図
 Etchū Namekawa dai tako no zu

Etchū
越中国 Etchū no kuni


Modern-day Toyama Prefecture
(富山県)
 
 

 
 Leather Shop in Himeji
 播州姫路革店之図
 Banshū Himeji kawa ten no zu








 Saltern in the Ako District
 播磨国赤穂塩浜之図

Harima
播磨国 Harima no kuni
(also known as Banshū province 播州)


Southwestern part of modern-day Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県)
 


 
 Silkworm Culture, figure 2
 飛騨国養蚕(蠶)之図
 Hida no kuni yōsan no zu








 Hunting Boar and Deer
 飛州猪狩之図
 [飛州猪捕之図]
 Hishū shishigari no zu

Hida
 飛騨国 Hida no kuni
(also known as Hishū province
飛州)


Northern part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture (岐阜県)
 


 
 Planting Rice
 肥後国田植之図
 Higo no kuni taue no zu







 Harvesting and Threshing rice
 同刈場之図
 dō kariba no zu

Higo
肥後国 Higo no kuni


Modern-day Kumamoto Prefecture (熊本県) on the island of Kyūshū
(九州)




 
 Silkworm Culture, figure 1
 常陸国養之図 一
 [常陸国養蚕之図 一]
 Hitachi no kuni yōsan no zu ichi







 Catching Carp
 常州鯉ヲ抱取ル図 
 Jōshū koi o daku toru ru zu
 
Hitachi
常陸国 Hitachi no kuni


Modern-day Ibaraki Prefecture
(茨城県)

 


 
 Manufacturing Imari Porcelain,  figure 1 
 肥前伊万里陶器造図 一
 Hizen Imari tōki tsukuru zu ichi









 Manufacturing Imari Porcelain,  figure 2
 肥前伊万里陶器造図 二
 Hizen Imari tōki tsukuru zu ni
 
Hizen
肥前国  Hizen no kuni


Modern-day  Saga (佐賀県) and Nagasaki (長崎県) Prefectures
 
Catching Sea Otter in Chishima Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

Shipping Ice from Hakodate, Hokkaidō from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

 
 Catching Sea Otter
 千島国海獺採之図
 Chishima no kuni rakko to no zu






 
 Shipping Ice from Hakodate,  Hokkaidō
 北海道函館氷輸出
 Hokkaidō Hakodate kōri yushutsu  no  zu

 
Chishima Province
千島国
[Part of Hokkaidō 北海道 region consisting of 11 provinces]






Hokkaidō
 北海道
 [A region consisting of 11 provinces]
Hakodate
函館
[old capital of Hokkaido]




 
 Producing Vitriol
 
製之図 
 [
日州緑礬製之図]
 [日向緑礬製之図]







 Camphor Manufacture
 日向国樟脳製之図

Hyūga
日向国 Hyūga no kuni
(also known as Nisshū )


Modern-day Miyazaki Prefecture (宮崎県)

 

 
 
P
olishing-Sand
 伊賀国磨砂
 Iga kuni migakizuna








 Coal Mine
 同国[伊賀]石炭山之図
 dōkoku sekitan yama no zu

Iga
伊賀国 Iga kuni


Modern-day municipalities
of Iga (伊賀市) and
Nabari (名張市)
 

 
 Whale Fishing
 壱岐国鯨漁之図
 Iki no kuni kujira ryō? no zu








 Pulling Up a Whale
 同[壱岐]神楽桟にて引揚図
 

Iki
 壱岐国 Iki no kuni


Modern-day Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県)
 
Abalone Divers in Ise Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

Making Stretched Dried Abalone in Ise Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

 
 Abalone Divers
 伊勢国鮑採之図
 Ise no kuni awabi tori no zu








 Making Dried Stretched Abalone
 同国[伊勢国]長鮑製之図 
 dōkoku [Ise no kuni] naga awabi  sei  no  zu

Ise
 伊勢国 Ise no kuni


Most of modern-day
Mie Prefecture (三重県)

 
 
 Silkworm Culture
 磐城国養蚕之図四







 
 Wild Horse Capture
 
磐城国野馬捕之図







 
 
Iwaki
磐城国 Iwaki no kuni
(also known as Banshū 磐州)


Modern-day Fukushima Prefecture (福島県)
 

 
 Gathering Wax [Lacquer Tree] Nuts in  Aizu
 岩代国会津蝋実採ノ
 [岩代国会津蠟実採ノ図]
 Iwashiro no kuni Aizu rō (ka)jitsu  to  no zu





 Making Wax
 同蝋ヲ製ス
 同[岩代国]蠟ヲ製ス図
 dō (Iwashiro no kuni) rō o seisu zu

Iwashiro
岩代国 Iwashiro no kuni
(sometimes called
Ganshū (岩州)

 
Western half of the central part of modern-day Fukushima Prefecture (福島県) and the eastern half of modern-day Iwaki Province (磐城国)
   

Crane Hawk [falconry], Figure 2 in Iyo Province Figure 1 from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)
 


 
 Capturing Falcons, figure 1
 伊豫國鷹捕之図 一





















Iyo
伊予国 or 伊豫國 Iyo no kuni


Modern-day Ehime Prefecture
(愛媛県)

  


 Making Camelia Oil
 伊豆國椿樹油取圖

 [伊豆国椿の油を取図]







 Charcoal Making
 
伊豆国炭焼場之図

 Izu
 伊豆国 Izu no kuni


The mainland portion of Izu Province, comprising the Izu Peninsula is he eastern portion of modern-day Shizuoka Prefecture (静岡県) and the Izu Islands are part of modern-day Tokyo (東京都)
 


 
 Swordsmith Store in Sakai
 泉州堺打物見世之図
 Senshū Sakai unchimono mise no  zu









 Pink Snapper and Fish Market at  Sakai  Beach
 和泉国堺浦桜鯛井二魚市之図
 [和泉国堺浦桜鯛咲魚市之図]
 Izume no kuni Sakai ura ichino?  uoichi no zu

Izumi
和泉国 Izumi no kuni
(also known as Senshū 泉州)


 The south-western part of modern-day Osaka Prefecture
(大阪府) (south of the Yamato River; not including the city of Osaka itself)

  

 
 Bear Hunting for Gall
 
加州熊并ニ胆ヲ取ル図
 かしゅうくまならびにきもをとるず
 Kashū-gama narabi ni kimo o toru  zu






 
 Sedge Hat Making
 
加賀國菅笠ヲ造ル圖
 [
加賀国菅笠ヲ造ル図]

Kaga
加賀国 Kaga no kuni
(also known as Kashū (加州)


Southern part of modern-day Ishikawa Prefecture
 


 
 Making White Persimmon
 甲斐国白柿之図
 Kai no kuni shiro? kaki sei no zu








 Grape Cultivation
 甲斐国葡萄培養図
 Kai no kuni budō baiyō zu

Kai
甲斐国 Kai no kuni


Modern-day Yamanashi Prefecture (山梨県)

 

 
 Harvesting and Cleaning Cotton
 [河内国] 木綿ヲ摘取ル図
 [木綿ヲ摘採ル図]
 Kawachi no kuni kiwata o tekishu  ru  zu






 Cotton Textile Loom
 
河内木綿織機之図
 Kawachi no kuni men'orimono hata  no  zu



Kawachi
河内国 Kawachi no kuni
(also known as Kashū 河州)


Eastern part of modern-day Osaka Prefecture (大阪府)
 

 
 Sardine Fishing in Kujūkuri  (Yasashi  Bay)
 上総国 九十九里鰮猟之図
 Kazusa no kuni Kujūkuri iwashi ryō  no  zu






 Erecting Drynets
 上総国建干網之図
 Kazusa no kuni ? no zu

Kazusa
上総国 Kazusa no kuni


Modern-day Chiba Prefecture
(千葉県)

   

 
 Mandarin Orange Plantation
 
紀伊国蜜柑山畑之図









 Exporting Products from the Port  of  Hokukō
 同北港ヨリ積出之図
 [同北港ヨリ輸出之図]
 dō Hokukō yori yushutsu no zu

Kii
紀伊国 Kii no Kuni


Modern-day Wakayama Prefecture (和歌山県) and the southern part of modern-day Mie Preecture (三重県)

 

 
 Quarying Whetstone in Nagura
 三河国名倉
砥切
ノ図
 Mikawa no kuni Nagura 砥 setsu  shutsu  no  zu








 
Mikawa
 三河国 Mikawa no kuni


Eastern half of modern-day
Aichi Prefecture (愛知県)

 

 
 Limestone Mountain
 美濃国石灰山之図
 Mino no kuni sekkai yama no zu








 Limestone Burning
 美濃石灰焼之図
 Mino sekkai shō no zu

Mino
美濃国 Mino no kuni


Southern part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture (岐阜県)
 

 
 Drying Nori
 武蔵国浅草海苔製図
 Musashi no kuni asakusanori seizu








 Making Nishiki-e in Tokyo
 東京綿絵製造之図
 [
東京錦絵製造之図]
 Tokyo nishiki-e seizō no zu

Musashi
 武蔵国 Musashi no kuni


Modern-day Tokyo Metropolis
(東京都), most of Saitama Prefecture (埼玉県) and
part of Kanagawa Prefecture
(神奈川県)
 

 
 Silk Wadding
 陸奥国真錦製之図
 [陸奥国真綿製之図]
 Mutsu no kuni mawata? sei no zu








 Harvesting Kelp (konbu or kombu)  in  Tsugaru
 同国津軽昆布採之図
 dōkoku Tsugaru konbu to no zu 

Mutsu
陸奥国 Mutsu no kuni
(also known as Ōshū (奥州) or Michinoku (陸奥 or 道奥)


Area of modern-day Fukushima
(福島県), Miyagi (宮城県), Iwate
(岩手県) and Aomori Prefectures
(青森県)  and the municipalities of Kazuno (鹿角市) and Kosaka
(小坂町) in Akita Prefecture (秋田県)
 
Making Sōmen in Noto Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)
 

 
 Making Sōmen
 能登素麺製造ノ図
 のとそうめんせいぞうのず
 Noto sōmen
seizō no zu







 Mackerel Fishing (at night)
 
同國(能登)鯖之圖
 のとさばつりのず
 dōkoku (Noto) saba tsuri no zu
 
Noto
能登国 Noto no Kuni


Northern part of modern-day Ishikawa Prefecture (石川県) in Japan, including the Noto Peninsula (能登半島)
 


 Making "Aobanagami" (blue stained  paper)
 近江国青花紙製図
 Ōmi no kuni aobanagami seizu







 Exporting Mosquito Net
 近江国浜蚊帳輸出図
 [近江国浜蚊帳張輸出図]
 オウミノクニハマカヤユシュツズ
 Ōmi no kuni hama? kaya yushutsu  zu

Ōmi
近江国 Ōmi no kuni


Modern-day Shiga Prefecture
(滋賀県)
 

 
 Tobacco Cultivation
 大隅国煙草培養之図
 Ōsumi no kuni tabako baiyō no zu







 Tobacco Leaf Production
 同[大隅国]煙草葉製造之図
 dō [Ōsumi no kuni] tabako ha seizō  no zu

Ōsumi
大隅国 (大隈国) Ōsumi no kuni
(also known as Gūshū 隅州)


Eastern part of modern-day Kagoshima Prefecture
(鹿児島県)
 


 Tie-dyeing in Arimatsu
 尾張国有松纐リ之図
 Owari no kuni Arimtasu kokuji  (shibori)  no zu







 Making Folding Fans in Nagoya
 尾州名古屋扇折の図
 Bishū Nagoya ōgi setsu? no zu

Owari
尾張国 Owari no kuni
 (also known as  Bishū province 尾州)


Western half of modern-day Aichi Prefecture (愛知県), including the modern city of Nagoya (名古屋市)
 

 
 Silkworm Culture
 陸中国養蚕之図
 Rikuchū no kuni yōsan no zu








 Pasteuring Cattle
 陸中国牧牛之図
 Rikuchū no kuni bokugyū no zu

Rikuchū
陸中国 Rikuchū no kuni
(also known as Rikushū
province 陸州)


Modern-day Iwate (岩手県) and Akita Prefectures (秋田県)

 

 
 Silkworm Culture, figure 5
 陸前国養蠶図五
 Rikuzen no kuni yōsan zu go








 Crafting Bogwood Carvings  (umoregi-  zaiku) in Matsushima
 同国松島景並埋木細工之図
 dōkoku Matsushima kei umoregi-  zaiku no zu

Rikuzen
陸前国 Rikuzen no kuni
(sometimes called
Rikushū 陸州)

Modern-day Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県) (excluding Igu, Katta District and Watari Districts) and parts of Iwate Prefecture (宮城県) (specifically Kesen District
気仙郡)
 


 
 Gold Mine
 佐渡国金山之図
 Sado no kuni kinzan no zu








 Gold Mining
 佐渡金掘之図

 Sado kin kutsu no zu

Sado
佐渡国 Sado no kuni
(sometimes called Sashū 佐州 or Toshū 渡州)


Part of modern-day Niigata Prefecture (新潟県)

   


 
 Making White Sugar
 
讃岐国白糖製造

 Sanuki no kuni hakuto seizo no zu







 Making Sanbon Sugar
 同三盆糖製造之図 
 dō sanbonto seizo no zu

Sanuki
 讃岐国 Sanuki no kuni
(sometimes called Sanshū
讃州)


Modern-day Kagawa Prefecture
(香川県)

 


 Sake Brewing at Itami
 摂津国伊丹酒造之図
 Settsu no kuni Itami shuzō no zu







 Shipping New Brew Sake 
 同[摂津国]新酒荷出之図 
 dō [Settsu no kuni] shinshu shutsu  no zu

Settsu
摂津国 Settsu no kuni
(sometimes called Tsu Province 津国 or Sesshū 摂州)


Southeastern part of modern-day Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県) and the northern part of Osaka Prefecture
(大阪府)
 


 
 Harvesting Kelp (arame)
 志摩國荒布之圖
 [志摩国荒布刈之図]
 Shima no kuni arame kari no zu







 Five-colored Sand Decorative  Landscapes
 同[志摩]国五色砂ニテ盆石飾
 dōkoku goshiki-ishi suna nite bonseki  kazari


Shima
志摩国 Shima no kuni


outheastern part of modern-day Mie Prefecture (三重県)

 


 
 Producing Soy Sauce
 下總國醤油製造之圖
 [下総国醤油製造之図]
 Shimōsa no kuni shoyu seizo no zu







 Watermelon Field
 同西瓜畑之図
 dō suika hatake no zu

Shimōsa
下総国 Shimōsa no kuni


In the area of modern-day Chiba Prefecture (千葉県) and Ibaraki Prefecture (茨城県)
 


 
 Rearing Silkworms, figure 3
 下野国養蠶國 三









 High Loom Weaving Near Ashikaga
 下野足利辺高機之圖
 [下野足利辺高機之図]
 Shimotsuke Ashikaga takabata hen  no  zu


Shimotsuke
下野国 Shimotuski no kuni


Modern-day Tochikgi Prefecture
(栃木県)
 


 
 Making Buckwheat (soba) Noodles
 信州蕎麦切製造之図
 Shinshū sobakiri seizō no zu








 Catching Eel Underwater by Eyesight
 信濃国氷中八ツ目鰻採ノ図
 Shinano no kuni suichū tsu me  unagi to no zu

Shinano
信濃国 Shinano no kuni
(also known as Shinshū 信州)


Modern-day Nagano Prefecture (長野県)
 


 
 Planting Shiitake Mushrooms
 周防国香茸製之図
 [周防国香蕈之図]
 Suō no kuni kōtake sei no zu







 Picking Iwatake Mushrooms
 同国岩採之図 
 [同国岩蕈採之図]
 dōkoku iwatake to no zu

Suō
周防国 Suō no kuni
(sometimes called Bōshū
防州)


Eastern part of Yamaguchi Prefecture (山口県)

 



 
Manufacturing Bamboo Work
 
駿河國竹細工製ノ図
 Suruga no kuni takezaiku sei no zu







 Papermaking
 
駿河半紙漉場ノ図
 [駿河紙半紙漉場ノ図]
 Suruga hanshi roku ba no zu


Suruga
駿河国 Suruga no kuni


Central part of modern-day Shizuoka Prefecture (静岡県)

 
Making Wicker Trunks in Tajima Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

Cultivating Wild Silkworms in Tajima Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)
 
 Making Wicker Trunks
 但馬国柳考老製図
 (但馬国柳{タケカンムリ・考} {タケカンムリ・老}製図)
 Tajima no kuni yanagi (takekanmuri)   seizu




 
 Cultivating Wild Silkworms 
 同国[但馬国]野蚕(蠶)養之図
 
dōkoku [Tajima no kuni] yasan yō no  zu

Tajima
但馬国 Tajima no kuni
(sometimes called Tanshū
但州)


Modern-day Hyōgo Prefecture
(兵庫県)
 


 
 Cutting Flint Stone
 丹波国燧石切出之図
 Tanba no kuni hikiri ishikiri de shutsu  no zu






 Honey Making
 同国[丹波国]蜂蜜製之図
 dōkoku [Tanba no kuni] hachimitsu  sei no zu

Tanba
丹波国 Tanba no kuni


Central part of modern-day Kyoto Prefecture (京都府) and the east-central part of Hyōgo Prefecture
(兵庫県)
 

Beach Fishing for Yellowtail in Tango Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

 
 Catching Yellowtail
 丹後鰤追網之図
 [丹後国鰤追網之図]
 Tango no kuni buri ō ami no zu







 Beach Fishing for Yellowtail
 同[丹後国]鰤磯場之図
 dō (Tango no kuni) buri isoba no zu









Tango
丹後国 Tango no Kuni


Modern-day northern Kyoto Prefecture (京都府)
 
Fishing for Bonito in Tosa Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

Making Dried Bonito Flakes in Tosa Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

 
 Fishing for Bonito
 土佐国鰹釣之図
 Tosa no kuni katsuo tsuri no zu








 Making Dried Bonito Flakes
 同鰹節を製ス図
 dō katsuo-bushi o seisu zu

Tosa
土佐国 Tosa no kuni
(sometimes called Doshū 土州)


Modern-day Kōchi Prefecture
(高知県)
 

 
 Catching Sea Cucumbers
 対国海鼠取之図
 [対馬国海鼠取之図]
 Tsushima no kuni namako tori no  zu







 Drying Sea Cucumber
 対国海鼠製之図
 [対馬国海鼠製之図]
 Tsushima no kuni namako sei no zu

Tsushima
対馬国 (also 対島国)
Tsushima no kuni
(sometimes called Taishū 対州)


Modern-day Tsushima (対馬市), Nagasaki (対馬市)
 

 
 Sericulture
 羽後国之図 七 
 [羽後国養蚕之図 七]
 Ugo no kuni yōsan no zu shichi






 
 Giant Butterbur (Japanese sweet  coltsfoot) in Akita
 
羽後秋冬之図
 [
羽後秋田款冬之図]
 Ugo Akita fuki no zu

Ugo
羽後国 Ugo no kuni
(sometimes called Ushū 羽州)


In the area of modern-day Akita Prefecture (秋田県) and some parts of Yamagata Prefecture
(山形県)
 
Fishing for Flatfish in Wakasa Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

Making Steamed Flatfish in Wakasa Province from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

 
 Fishing for Flatfish
 若狭国鰈を

 Wakasa no kuni karei oto zu







 
 Making Steamed Flatfish
 同[若狭]蒸鰈製造之図
 [同蒸鰈製造之図]
 dō [Wakasa] mushi karei seizō no  zu

Wakasa
若狭国 Wakasa no kuni
(also known as Jakushū 若州 or Reinan 嶺南)


Southern modern-day Fukui Prefecture (福井県)
 
Picking Uji Tea in Yamashiro Province, figure 1 from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

Producing Uji Tea in Yamashiro Province, figure 2 from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan)

 
 Picking Uji Tea, figure 1
 山城国宇治茶摘図 一
 Yamashiro no kuni Uji chatsumi zu  ichi






 
 Producing Uji Tea, figure 2
 山城国宇治茶製之図 二 
 Yamashiro no kuni Uji cha sei no zu  ni

Yamashiro
山城国 Yamashiro no kuni


Overlaps southern part of modern-day Kyoto Prefecture (京都府)

 
Digging Kudzu [Pueraria] Root from the series Dai Nippon Bussan Zue (Products of Greater Japan) in Yamato Province
  

 Digging Kudzu [pueraria] Root
 大和国葛根堀図
 Yamato no kuni kakkon hori zu

 






 Making Arrowroot Powder
 
大和国葛之粉製図
 Yamato no kuni kazura no kona 
sei zu

Yamato
大和国 Yamato no kuni


Modern-day Nara Prefecture
(奈良県)


last revision:
9/26/18



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