Home‎ > ‎Articles‎ > ‎

Brocade Pictures for Moral Education

錦絵修身談 Nishiki-e shūshindan 
Six volumes of text with illustrations (1882-1884)
and ninety-two supplemental color woodblock prints (1883 and 1888)
A collaborative effort of Yoshitoshi, his students
and the Tokyo publishing house Fukyūsha

DRAFT - WORK IN PROGRESS


The Six Textbooks "Nishiki-e shūshindan"  錦絵修身談 

(Brocade Pictures for Moral Education)


幼童の最も喜び易く感じ易き錦絵を附け、仁義・孝弟・忠信等の行を示し、本文にも図画を挿入し児童をして倦怠の心を発せざらしめんと欲す
   - from page 2 of the publisher's preface

Young children’s favorite and easy to understand color woodblock prints are presented with short stories, highlighting loyalty, filial piety, benevolence, etc. Pictures are also inserted in the text, eliminating boredom and enabling children to read and practice.
 - Tsuji Keiji, publisher
  (translation of the above)

In 1882 the Tokyo educator and publisher Tsuji Keiji 辻敬之, of the publishing house Fukyūsha 普及舎, with the writer Yamana Tomesaburō 山名留三郎, the editor Masukawa Kanyū 増川蚶雄, and the artist Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1839-1892) undertook the creation of a six volume set of primary school moral instruction textbooks titled Nishiki-e shūshindan 錦絵修身談, or Brocade Pictures for Moral Education.  Volumes 1,2 and 3 were originally issued in March 1882 and volumes 4, 5 and 6 were originally issued in July 1884.  As summarized in the below chart, each volume contained from one to three full-color aiban-size prints folded in half and placed in the beginning of the book and between four and eight black and white illustrations, all by Yoshitoshi. The books contained a total of ninety-one stories from Japan, China and the West that were promised to hold the attention of the young child. 

Volumes 3 through 6 also list Inagaki Chikai 稲垣千穎 (1845-1913), an instructor at the Tokyo Normal School and poet involved with the creation of the first elementary school song book, as a proofreader (校閲).


Volume Number Number of Inserted Color Prints (nishiki-e) Number of Black and White Illustrations (sashi-e)  Number of Stories
 1 3 7 15
 2 2 8 15
 3 2 4 12
 4 2 4 15
 5 1 5 19
 6 1 5 15

The volumes were issued with at least two different styles of covers as pictured below.  

 
 
Notes:
All six volumes may be viewed online on the website of the National Diet Library Digital Collections at the following URL:
http://dl.ndl.go.jp/se
arch/searchResult?searchWord=%E9%8C%A6%E7%B5%B5%E4%BF%AE%E8%BA%AB%E8%AB%87&featureCode=all&viewRestrictedList=0
The NDL images are in black and white only and volumes 1 and 2 in the NDL collection are each missing one of the inserted color prints.

A Little About the Publisher
Source: Principle, Practice, and the Politics of Educational Reform in Meiji Japan, Mark Elwood Lincicome, University of Hawaii Press, 1995, p. 81-82.
Tsuji Keiji* (辻 敬之, March 21, 1851 – August 5, 1891), an alumnus of the Tokyo Normal School and the author of several textbooks, was intensely committed to the dissemination of developmental education. To that end, in 1882 he established his own publishing house, the Fukyūsha (fukyū meaning “disseminate”), which published numerous books incorporating the principles of developmental education.

* His name is sometimes seen as Tsuji Moriyuki

"Shūshin" and Brocade Pictures of Moral Education

Sources: Moral Education in Japan; Implications for American Schools (Thesis Research), Taku Ikemoto,
May 10, 1996 and "Moral education in Japan", Klaus Luhmer, appearing the Journal of Moral Education, vol. 19 no. 3, Oct. 1990, p. 172-182.


In the 1870s the Japanese government embarked on a program of modernization that included the establishment of a new educational system based on Western models. The 1872 Government Order of Education (Gakusei) which established a system of compulsory education stated, "We look forward to a time when there will be no illiteracy in any village house, no illiterate in any home."  Ethics instruction [and moral education]—which used teachings drawn from Japanese, Chinese, and Western sources—became an important component of the new curriculum.

Moral education was called shūshin 修身, which literally means "self-discipline," a word taken from one of the classics of Confucianism.  In the early days of the Meiji era there were no prescribed course of study or textbooks, tests or school marks. It was left to the imagination of the individual teacher how to handle this subject. 

In 1879, most "Western sources" were removed from the moral education curriculum as a result of the Imperial Rescript on Education (kyogaku taishi), in which the "Emperor lamented the general decay of public morals, for which he blamed the influx of Western learning."  "Moral education, based on traditional spirit, was listed at the top of all subjects at elementary schools."

"Teachers were encouraged to enforce strict discipline, calling attention to the Confucianist moral concepts which enjoyed a long tradition in Japan. Shūshin received increased attention and its content and purpose was more clearly defined. A number of guides were published to serve teachers and school administrators as aids for enforcing the national spirit by means of this subject."

This six volume series of textbooks, produced in 1883 and 1884, found classroom and, likely, home use for teaching shūshin.

The 1890 Imperial Rescript on Education (kyōiku chokugo) re-introduced the teaching of Western concepts and clarified the pillars of shūshin as State Shinto, Confucianism and modern political and social ethics, which included respect for the Constitution, observation of laws and calls for dutiful citizens who, should emergency arise, offer themselves "courageously to the State..."

The Rescript was invalidated in 1948.

The Twelve Aiban-size Color Prints by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi Inserted in the Textbooks


The Teachings of the Mother of Mencius [A Lesson Drawn from Weaving] from the illustrated textbook Nishikie Shūshindan, Volume 1
The Teachings of the Mother of Mencius
孟母の教
[A Lesson Drawn from Weaving],
Volume 1

IHL Cat. #922
 
Komurasaki at Gompachi's Grave
妙冲尼の孝
Volume 1

 
The Loyalty of Pierre from the illustrated textbook Nishikie Shūshindan, Volume 1
IHL Cat. #923



Nishiki-e Shūshindan, Volume 2
楠正成の忠
Volume 2

IHL Cat. #1539a

Nishiki-e Shūshindan, Volume 2
Volume 2
IHL Cat. #1539b

Nishiki-e Shūshindan, Volume 2
IHL Cat. #1539c

 
Nishiki-e Shūshindan, Volume 3
The Chastity of ShihinoShinasa
四比信紗の貞
Volume 3

IHL Cat. #1540a
 
Nishiki-e Shūshindan, Volume 3
The Decorum of Gekiketsu
郤缼の禮

Volume 3

IHL Cat. #1540b
 
 The Frugality of Kuroda Josui
黒田如水の倹
Volume 4
IHL Cat. #1541a


The Wisdom of Gassendi 
ガセンヂの智
Volume 4
IHL Cat. #1541b

The Courage of Columbus
コロンブスの勇
Volume 5

The Bravery of Hōjō Tokimune
北条時宗の武

Volume 6

The above twelve color prints designed by Yoshitoshi were re-printed in 1888 and sold as individual prints. These re-printings, an example of which is shown below, show the original publishing date of 1883 along with the date of the second printing (再版 saihan) of 1888 in the left margin.

The Ninety-Two Oban-size Color Prints Issued in 1888 As Supplements

to the Textbooks "Nishiki-e shūshindan"  錦絵修身談 

In September 1883* a set of ninety-two full-color oban-size prints designed by students of Yoshitoshi were issued by Tsuji Keiji and his publishing house Fukyūsha as supplements, or accompaniments, to the six volume set of textbooks. These prints illustrated the ninety-one short stories in the six volumes. A number of the prints issued were based upon Yoshitoshi's black and white illustrations in the texts, two examples of which are shown below. Each of the full-color prints carries the same title as the textbooks, 錦絵修身談 (Brocade Prints for Moral Education), along with the volume number, across its top.  The story name, along with its number in the volume it appears in and the page number of the portion of the text it is illustrating appears in a vertical red cartouche. 

* The left margin of untrimmed prints lists three dates, as follows:
copyright license - September 26, 1883 明治十六年九月二十六日版権免許
publication - September 1883 同十月出版
second edition - November 3, 1888 同廿一年十一月三日再版
The 1st edition of prints published in September 1883 may have been issued as a bound book without the publishing information contained in the left margin.  

Examples of Color Prints Modeled after Yoshitoshi's Black ane White Illustrations

 
click on image to enlarge
Volume 6, story 10
If you exert yourself in your business
you will succeed
業ハ勉るに成る
IHL Cat. #735

click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawin by Yoshitoshi from Volume 6


click on image to enlarge 

Volume 1, story 12
Corresponding supplemental colored woodblock print, credited to the artist 年親

 
click on image to enlarge

Illustration by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi from Volume 1 showing Yang Xiang (Yoko) rescuing his father from a tiger, thereby being a paragon of filial piety.

Feelings of humanity and justice, loyalty and filial piety are common to all men. However, unless when people are very young they have these feelings impressed on their minds and cultivate them, nothing can be done later if other things have entered their minds and become established as preconceived opinions. As nowadays pictures are already put up in primary schools, illustrations and photographs of loyal ministers and retainers, of filial children and virtuous wives of the present and the past should be put up, and should be pointed out when children first enter school, a short explanation given about their deeds and the primary moral obligations of loyalty and filial piety impressed on their minds first. Then, even when they are taught factual knowledge, they will go on cultivating the attributes of loyalty and filial piety, and will certainly not fail to distinguish what is essential and what is peripheral in their studies.
-
Preface Kyogaku Taishi (The Great Principles of Education), 1879 by Motoda Eifu (or Nagazane, 1818-1891, tutor to the emperor)

Source: Education, Values and Japan's National Identity: A Study of the Aims and Content of Courses in Japanese History, 1872-1963, J. G. Caigner (thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Australian National University)


Who Were The Artists

The colored supplemental prints were created by students of Yoshitoshi and they include the artists Mizuno Toshikata (1866-1908) 水野年方, Tominaga Toshichika 富永年親 (1847-?), Tsutsui Toshimine 筒井 (or 筒井 1863-1934), Kobayashi Toshimitsu 小林年参 (act. 1876-1904, who often signed his work Teisai 亭斎 or Kōsai 高斎) and who may be the same person as Kobayashi Toshikazu), and Inano Toshitsune 稲野年恒 (1859-1907).  As further explained below, attribution of each print to a particular artist is sometimes difficult, due to the confusion surrounding the names, and duplicity of names, used by some of Yoshitoshi's students.

Note on Signatures, Story Titles and their English Translations
There remains a great deal of confusion about the signatures and names of certain of Yoshitoshi's pupils. Some signatures and artist names are relatively easy to decipher such as those for Toshikata and Toshichika, but others are more difficult and subject to error. For more information about these difficulties see http://www.yoshitoshi.net/students.html 
The character 校 kō appears in the signature block of all the below prints. Its meaning is not clear, with possible translations being "proofed by" or "corrected by". I have never seen it used on other prints. Until a definitive meaning is determined, I've chosen to describe it as meaning "with the assistance of", as the signature of the artist who created the design is always shown as the first signature in the block, usually followed by the character 画, "drawn by."

The story titles have been transcribed for only a few of the below prints. In a few cases a loose translation of those titles or a summation of the story has been provided. The accuracy of these translations should be doubted, as the reading of the artists' signatures.


Volume 1, story 1
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of
(校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 

Volume 1, story 2
 Toshichika 楓谷年親 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshimine 年峯

Volume 1, story 3
 Toshichika 年親 with the assistance of (校 kō),
Toshimine 年峯

 
Volume 1, story 4
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 1, story 5
己の身を捨てゝ子を救ふ
It is a parent’s duty to give their life to save the child
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #734
  
Volume 1, story 6
 Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 1, story 7
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 1, story 8
Toshichika 年親 with the assistance of (校 kō), Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎
  
Volume 1, story 9
兄弟死を争って危難を見る
Two brothers are confronted by the robbers. Facing certain death, each brother begged the robbers to kill him and spear the other. The robbers felt compassion for their brotherly love and let them go unharmed.
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #1107


 
Volume 1, story 10
Toshikata 年方 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and unread
 
Volume 1, story 11
Toshichika 年親 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎

Volume 1, story 12
孝子の精誠能く猛獣を却く
Tame/reject wildness/violence with the sincere spirit of a filial child 
 Toshichika 年親 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshimine 年峯
IHL Cat. #430

 
Volume 1, story 13
Toshikata 年方 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 1, story 14
Monkeys also remember good behavior
Toshichika 年親 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshimine 年峯
 
Volume 1, story 15
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親


 
Volume 2, story 1
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of (校 kō) unread

 Volume 2, story 2
孝子食を路(ミチ)に乞ふて其の情を達す
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #743
  
Volume 2, story 3
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親



 
Volume 2, story 4
兪仲寛ノ仁一州ノ俗ヲ風化す
Yuchūkan repairing the manners/world of men
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and Toshimitsu 年参
IHL Cat. #429

Volume 2, story 5
旅人楓樹の下に憩ふ
Travelers Under Maple Trees
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
(carver: Tamakane)

  
Volume 2, story 6
Toshitsune 年恒 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親


 
Volume 2, story 7
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #1108
 
Volume 2, story 8
少女貧人を救ふ
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

Volume 2, story 8
少女貧人を救ふ
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
  
Volume 2, story 9
If children obey and listen to their father, they will become good persons
Toshikata 年方 with the
assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯
IHL Cat. #740

 
Volume 2, story 10
Honesty is always rewarded by men or gods

Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #732
 
Volume 2, story 11
Toshikata 年方 [and seal] with the assistance of (校kō) Toshimine 年峯 and
Toshichika 年親



Volume 2, story 12
少女 の 仁心 士君子 も 及ば 
さる 所 あり
The kindness of a little girl is sometimes better than what even a virtuous man can do
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 2, story 13
Toshikata 年方 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 2, story 14
馬主人の言辞に感じて 身命を委てこれを救ふ
The horse that saved its master by sacrificing itself after it understood Its master’s words
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
  
Volume 2, story 15
Toshikata 年方 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯




 Volume 3, story 1
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 3, story 2
Nomikui o sessezareba chōju o tamochi e zu
Longevity cannot be expected unless one watches diet 
Toshikata 年方 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 楓谷年親 

  
Volume 3, story 3
惰るものハ富を逐ふが如く 勤むる者は財を招くが如し
As those who are lazy drive away wealth, fortune comes to those who work
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 楓谷年親 

 
Volume 3, story 4
孝子の真情悪人を感化す
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 
IHL Cat. #748

 
Volume 3, story 5
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 
  
Volume 3, story 6
A family starves that the father may eat
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 楓谷年親 

  
Volume 3, story 7
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #746
 
 Volume 3, story 8
Toshimitsu [signed ?]
◯齋
 with the assistance of
(校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #737
 
Volume 3, story 9
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai]
亭齊
 with the assistance of
(校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #745
  

 
Volume 3, story 10 
 勤勉の能く禍敗
を克復す
Overcome a calamity and make restoration with diligence
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai]
亭齊
 with the assistance of (校 kō) unread
IHL Cat. #738
 
Volume 3, story 11
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 楓谷年親
  
Volume 3, story 12
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai]
亭齊
 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 4, story 1
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯
 
Volume 4, story 2
Toshikata 年方 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 楓谷年親 

 
Volume 4, story 3
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯

 
 Volume 4, story 4
粗食却って美味となる
Even simple food has good flavor when shared

Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯
IHL Cat. #731
  
Volume 4, story 5
人の窮死を救ひて主人の賞を得
An employer will profit from helping a suffering person
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯
IHL Cat. #747
 
Volume 4, story 6
Toshikata 年方 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 



 
Volume 4, story 7
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯
IHL Cat. #744
 
Volume 4, story 8
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

  
Volume 4, story 9
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) 
Toshimine 年峯 and
Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #733

 
Volume 4, story 10
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #739

 
Volume 4, story 11
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯

 Volume 4, story 12
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯


 
Volume 4, story 13
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯 

 
Volume 4, story 14
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯 
IHL Cat. #736
  
Volume 4, story 15
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親




Volume 5, story 1
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 5, story 2
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
  
Volume 5, story 3
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 5, story 4
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯 
 
Volume 5, story 5
幼女兄を愛して白刃の下に立つ
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshichika 年親

  
Volume 5, story 6
If the Master and His Servant Are Good One against the Other, They Will Struggle against Adversity
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 5, story 7
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 5, story 8
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 5, story 9
(英人(えいじん、イギリスジン)帽(ぼう)を拾ひて伊人(いたりあじん)の饗(もてなし)を受く
An Englishman picked up an Italian man's hat and received a warm reception
  ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親


 
Volume 5, story 10
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō)
Toshichika 年親 and
Toshimine 年峯 
 
Volume 5, story 11
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
  
Volume 5, story 12
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭齊 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親


 
Volume 5, story 13
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親 

 
Volume 5, story 14
 If you stop drinking alcohol, you can become a famous scholar
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
  
Volume 5, story 15
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

IHL Cat. #778



 
Volume 5, story 16
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 5, story 17
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
  
Volume 5, story 18
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親


 
Volume 5, story 19
Toshimitsu [signed Kōsai] 高斎unread with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #1109
 
Volume 6, story 1
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

  
Volume 6, story 2
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #741

 
Volume 6, story 3
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 6, story 4
Toshishige 年重 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 6, story 5
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

  
Volume 6, story 6
 生糸貿易
Foreign trade in raw silk thread
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

IHL Cat. #742
 
Volume 6, story 7
Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 6, story 8
諧虐の風諌能く主の過を改む
Reform/rectify the ruler’s errors with tactful humor

ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #431


 Volume 6, story 9
Shibata Katsuie Breaking a Water Jar
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 and seal with the assistance of
(校 kō) Toshimine 年峯and Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 6, story 10
業ハ勉るに成る
If you exert yourself in your business you will succeed

Toshimine 年峯 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
IHL Cat. #735
 
Volume 6, story 11
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 6, story 12
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 6, story 13
A virtuous woman should sacrifice herself for her husband
unread 
with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親
 
Volume 6, story 14
人を挙用...
ōju Toshikata ga 応需年方画 [and seal] with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

 
Volume 6, story 15
Toshimitsu [signed Teisai] 亭斎 with the assistance of (校 kō) Toshichika 年親

Note: all of the ninety-two prints can be seen on line on the ARC website at
http://www.dh-jac.net/db/nishikie/results.php?f9=1&f11=1&f83=%E3%80%8C%E9%8C%A6%E7%B5%B5%E4%BF%AE%E8%BA%AB%E8%AB%87%E3%80%8D&-max=50&skip=0&enter=default&lang=ja
Unfortunately, they incorrectly list the artist credit all the prints to the artist 年恒 Toshitsune.




 click on image to enlarge
Volume 1, story 5
It is a parent’s duty to give their life to save the child*
己の身を捨てゝ子を救ふ

IHL Cat. #734
Ref. ARC AcNo.Z0173-426


artist signature block
Right column: Toshimine 年峯
Left column: followed by the character ()

click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 1
Source: National Diet Library
http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757974/1


click on image to enlarge
Volume 1, story 12
Tame/reject wildness/violence with the sincere spirit of a filial child
孝子の精誠能く猛獣を却く
Kôko no makoto yoku takesa
IHL Cat. #430
Ref. ARC AcNo. Z0173-428

artist signature block
Right column: Toshichika
Left column: T
oshimine 年峯 followed by the character 校 ()

click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 1
Source: National Diet Library
http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757974/1


click on image to enlarge
 Volume 2, story 2
孝子食を路(ミチ)に乞ふて其の情を達す


IHL Cat. #743


artist signature block
right column: Inano Toshitsune
left column:
Toshichika


click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 2
Source: National Diet Library

http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757975/1


  click on image to enlarge
Volume 2, story 4
Yuchūkan repairing the manners/world of men
兪仲寛ノ仁一州ノ俗ヲ風化す
Yuchûkan no jin isshû no zoku o fûkasu/naosu
IHL Cat. #429



artist signature block
 Right column: Toshishige
年重 followed by the character for ga (drawn by) 
Left three columns of characters:
() and to its right Toshichika 年親 followed by Toshimitsu 年光



 click on image to enlarge

Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 2
Source: National Diet Library

http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757975/1
  click on image to enlarge
Volume 2, story 9
If children obey and listen to their father, they will become good persons
IHL Cat. #740







artist signature block
Top: 年方画 Toshikata ga
Bottom left column: 年親 Toshichika
Bottom right column: Toshimine 年峯
校 ()

  click on image to enlarge
Volume 2, story 10
Honesty is always rewarded by men or gods
IHL Cat. #732







artist signature block
Right column: Toshimine 年峯



 click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 2
Source: National Diet Library

http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757975/1



Volume 3, story 4
孝子の真情悪人を感化す
IHL Cat. #748


artist signature block







 click on image to enlarge

Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 3
Source: National Diet Library
http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757976/1





 Volume 3, story 8

IHL Cat. #737


artist signature block

 
Volume 3, story 9


IHL Cat. #745


artist signature block












 click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 3
Source: National Diet Library
http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757976/1

 click on image to enlarge 
Volume 3, story 7

IHL Cat. #746


artist signature block



Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 3
Source: National Diet Library
http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757976/1

 click on image to enlarge
Volume 3, story 10
勤勉の能く禍を克復す
Overcome a calamity and make restoration with diligence
IHL Cat. #738

artist signature block

 click on image to enlarge
 Volume 4, story 4
粗食却って美味となる
Even simple food has good flavor
when shared
IHL Cat. #731


artist signature block



 click on image to enlarge 
Volume 4, story 5
人の窮死を救ひて主人の賞を得
IHL Cat. #747


artist signature block






click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 4
Source: National Diet Library

http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757977/1
 click on image to enlarge 
Volume 4, story 7

IHL Cat. #744


artist signature block

  click on image to enlarge
Volume 4, story 9

IHL Cat. #733


artist signature block







 click on image to enlarge

Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 4
Source: National Diet Library

http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757977/1


  click on image to enlarge
Volume 4, story 10

IHL Cat. #739



artist signature block
Right half: Mizuno Toshikata and Toshikata seal









 click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 5

http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757978/1



  click on image to enlarge
Volume 4, story 14

IHL Cat. #736



artist signature block

  click on image to enlarge
Volume 6, story 2

IHL Cat. #741



artist signature block


  click on image to enlarge
Volume 6, story 6
Foreign trade in raw silk thread
生糸貿易
IHL Cat. #742




artist signature block

Mizuno Toshikata on right
  click on image to enlarge
Volume 6, story 8
Reform/rectify the ruler’s errors with tactful humor
諧虐の風諌能く主の過を改む
Kaigyaku no fûkan yoku shu
no ayamachi o aratamu
IHL Cat. #431

artist signature block
Top: Mizuno Toshikata followed by Toshikata seal
Middle: Kobayashi Toshimitsu
Bottom: unread carver seal

  click on image to enlarge
Volume 6, story 10
If you exert yourself in your business
you will succeed
業ハ勉るに成る
IHL Cat. #735





artist signature block

left column:
Toshichika followed by 校 ()







 click on image to enlarge
Corresponding textbook drawing,
Volume 6
http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/757979/1








 
Left margin of color woodblock print
明治十六年九月二十六日板權免許
同年十月出版同廿一年十一月三日再版
Meiji 16, 9th month, 26th day, publishing rights license [permit]
Meiji 16, 10th month, publication, Meiji 21, 11th month, 3rd day, second edition (reprinting)
編輯兼出版人
東京下谷區練琳町十四番地
熊夲縣士族
辻敬之 [Tsuji Keiji]普及舎 [Fukyūsha]
 
Colophon from Volume 1 of Brocade Pictures for Moral Education
明治十五年三日一日板權免許
Meiji 15th year, 3rd month, 1st day publishing rights license [permit]
三重縣平氏
 編輯人 山名留三郎 Editor  Yamana Tomesaburō  
 編輯人  増川蚶雄  Masukawa Kanyū
編輯兼出版人 辻敬之 Editor and Publisher Tsuji Keiji
出版發兌 普及舎 Publication Fukyūsha

錦絵修身談 Nishiki e shûshindan, maki ichi
In 1882 the Tokyo publisher Tsuji Keiji 辻敬之, of the publishing house Fukyūsha 普及舎, the writer Yamana Tomesaburō  山名留三郎, the editor Masukawa Kanyū 増川蚶雄, and the artist Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1839-1892) undertook the creation of a six volume set of primary school moral instruction textbooks titled Nishiki-e shūshindan 錦絵修身談
發兌書林 Hatsuda Bookstore





Comments